Wadi Hunayn

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Wadi Hunayn
PikiWiki Israel 5330 People of Israel.jpg
Abd-El-Rahman Taji and King Abdullah I of Jordan in Wadi Hunayn between 1920 and 1930.
Wadi Hunayn is located in Mandatory Palestine
Wadi Hunayn
Wadi Hunayn
Arabic وادي حنين
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°55′38.75″N 34°47′42.70″E / 31.9274306°N 34.7951944°E / 31.9274306; 34.7951944Coordinates: 31°55′38.75″N 34°47′42.70″E / 31.9274306°N 34.7951944°E / 31.9274306; 34.7951944
Population 1620 (1945)
Area
Date of depopulation 17 April 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Nes Tziyyona

Wadi Hunayn (Arabic: وادي حنين‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict, located 9 km west of Ramla. According to a local tradition, it was named after the Yemeni home of the Qada'a tribe who settled here in the early Islamic period.[2]

Its main export was citrus, grown in orchards that were irrigated by numerous water wells dug around the village. The residents worked in the orchards and sold their yield at the cities. They grew bananas and grains as well. During the 40s, the village became a main source of basic supplies and meat for the nearby Jewish and Palestinian inhabitants due to its strategic location on the main road.

The village was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. The majority of the inhabitants fled the village during January 1948, with the remaining population being transported into Jordan by the Haganah who entered the village on 19 April 1948. Wadi Hunayn was mostly destroyed by the Haganah forces, who blew up all the buildings near the main road as well as the local mosque's minaret, since the village was used as a launching point for Arab attacks on Jewish convoys to Jerusalem. Only a few of the original houses of the village remained, while the mosque (built in 1934) was converted into a synagogue by the neighboring Jewish population of Ness Ziona and renamed "Geulat Yisra'el" ("Israel's salvation").[3]

At the time of the 1922 census of Palestine, Wadi Hunayn had a population of 195 Muslims,[4] which increased to 278 Muslims and 2 Christians, living in 55 houses, by the 1931 census.[5] In 1945, there were 1,620 Muslims and 1,760 Jews estimated to live in Wadi Hunayn and Ness Ziona together.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p xvii village #249. Also gives cause of depopulation
  2. ^ W. Khalidi, ed. (1992). All that Remains. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. pp. 419–421. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. 
  3. ^ Meron Benvenisti (September 16, 2005). "A mosque once stood here". Haartez. 
  4. ^ J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table VII. 
  5. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 20. 
  6. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p68. [1]

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