"Valley of Moses"
|Elevation||850 m (2,790 ft)|
|Time zone||GMT +2|
|• Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
It is the nearest town to the archaeological site of Petra and hosts many hotels and restaurants for tourists visiting this place. Approximately 2 kilometers from the main town, there is an important Bedouin settlement.
The census of 2004 shows that the population of Petra Department, which includes Wadi Musa and 18 other villages, with Wadi Musa being its administrative center, had a total population of 23,840 inhabitants. The male to female ratio was 51.56 to 48.44, Jordanian citizens made up 93.5% of the population of Wadi Musa. The estimated population of Wadi Musa in 2009 is 26,100.
Origin of the Name
Wadi Musa means ‘Valley of Moses’ in Arabic. It is said that the prophet Moses passed through the valley and struck water from the rock for his followers at the site of Ain Musa (‘Moses's water spring’ or ‘Moses's Well’). The Nabateans built channels that carried water from this spring to the city of Petra. Wadi Musa was also nicknamed the ‘Guardian of Petra’. The "Tomb of Aaron", supposed burial site of Aaron, the brother of Moses, is on nearby Mount Hor.
The town is about 250 km from Amman, Jordan's capital, and 100 km north of the port city of Aqaba. With more than 50 hotels and many tourist restaurants, its economy is almost entirely tied to tourism.
The campus of the College of Archaeology, Tourism & Hotel Management of Al-Hussein Bin Talal University is located in Wadi Musa.