Wadi Rum

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Wadi Rum
Native name وادي رم
Wadi Rum Monument.jpg
Mountains of Wadi Rum
Location Aqaba Governorate, Jordan
Coordinates 29°34′35.4″N 35°25′11.74″E / 29.576500°N 35.4199278°E / 29.576500; 35.4199278Coordinates: 29°34′35.4″N 35°25′11.74″E / 29.576500°N 35.4199278°E / 29.576500; 35.4199278
Area 720 km2 (280 sq mi)
Elevation 1,750 m (5,741 ft)
Settled 8000 BC
Governing body Aqaba Special Authority
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, iv
Designated 2011 (35th session)
Reference No. 1377
State Party  Jordan
Region Arab States
Designated 1998
Area 720 km2
Wadi Rum is located in Jordan
Wadi Rum
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Location of Wadi Rum in Jordan

Wadi Rum (Arabic: وادي رم‎) also known as The Valley of the Moon (Arabic: وادي القمر‎) is a valley cut into the sandstone and granite rock in southern Jordan 60 km (37 mi) to the east of Aqaba; it is the largest wadi in Jordan.[1] The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic root meaning 'high' or 'elevated'.[2] To reflect its proper Arabic pronunciation, archaeologists transcribe it as Wadi Ramm.

History[edit]

Petroglyphs at Wadi Rum

Wadi Rum has been inhabited by many human cultures since prehistoric times, with many cultures–including the Nabateans–leaving their mark in the form of rock paintings, graffiti, and temples.

In the West, Wadi Rum may be best known for its connection with British officer T. E. Lawrence, who passed through several times during the Arab Revolt of 1917–18.[3] In the 1980s one of the rock formations in Wadi Rum was named "The Seven Pillars of Wisdom" after Lawrence's book penned in the aftermath of the war, though the 'Seven Pillars' referred to in the book have no connection with Rum.

Geography[edit]

The area is centered on the main valley of Wadi Rum. The highest elevation Jordan is Mount Um Dami at 1,840 m (6,040 ft) high, located 30 kilometers to the south of Wadi Rum village. It was first located by Difallah Ateeg, a Zalabia Bedouin from Rum. On a clear day, it is possible to see the Red Sea and the Saudi border from the top.

Jabal Rum (1,734 metres (5,689 ft) above sea level) is the second highest peak in Jordan and the highest peak in the central Rum,[4] rising directly above Rum valley opposite Jebel um Ishrin, which is possibly one metre lower.

Khaz'ali Canyon in Wadi Rum is the site of petroglyphs etched into the cave walls depicting humans and antelopes dating back to the Thamudic times. The village of Wadi Rum itself consists of several hundred Bedouin inhabitants with their goat-hair tents and concrete houses and also their four wheel vehicles, one school for boys and one for girls, a few shops, and the headquarters of the Desert Patrol.[5]

Tourism[edit]

Scenery of Wadi Rum

Wadi Rum is home to the Zalabia Bedouin who, working with climbers and trekkers, have made a success of developing eco-adventure tourism, now their main source of income. The area is now one of Jordan's important tourist destinations, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers and climbers, but also for camel and horse safari or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. Popular activities in the desert environment include camping under the stars, riding Arab horses, hiking and rock-climbing among the massive rock formations.

Dima and Lama Hattab coordinate an annual marathon in the region called Jabal Ishrin.

Rock climbing[edit]

Andrew Walker on the crux 6b pitch of Flight of Fancy on Jebel Rum, first climbed by Rowland Edwards in 1986

The Bedouin have climbed in the Sandstone mountains of Wadi Rum for many generations. Many of their 'Bedouin Roads' have been rediscovered and documented by modern climbers. Several are included in the climbing guidebook by Tony Howard, and online by Liên and Gilles Rappeneau.[6]

In 1949 Sheikh Hamdan took surveyors to the summit of Jebel Rum. The first recorded European ascent of Jebel Rum took place in November 1952, by Charmian Longstaff and Sylvia Branford, guided by Sheik Hamdan. The first recorded rock climbs started in 1984, with the first of many visits by English climbers Howard, Baker, Taylor and Shaw. Many new routes were climbed in the 1980s, by this team, French guide Wilfried Colonna, by the Swiss Remy brothers, and by Haupolter and Precht.[7] The first dedicated climbing guide book, Treks and Climb in Wadi Rum, by Tony Howard, was first published in 1987. A New Routes book for climbers is held at the Wadi Rum Guest House.

Filming location[edit]

The area has been used as a background setting in a number of films:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mannheim, Ivan (1 December 2000). Jordan Handbook. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 293. ISBN 978-1-900949-69-9. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  2. ^ tours in Wadi Rum
  3. ^ Ham, Anthony; Greenway, Paul (2003). Jordan. Lonely Planet. p. 212. ISBN 978-1-74059-165-2. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Scheck, Frank Rainer (1997). Jordanien: Völker und Kulturen zwischen Jordan und Rotem Meer (in German). DuMont Reiseverlag. p. 12. ISBN 978-3-7701-3979-8. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Howard, Tony; Taylor, Di (May 1997). Treks and Climbs in Wadi Rum, Jordan. Cicerone Press Limited. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-85284-254-3. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Gilles, Rappeneau. "Les Voies Bedoiun du Wadi Ramm". website. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Howard, Tony (1987). Treks and Climbs in Wadi Rum. Milnthorpe, England: Cicerone Press. p. 192. ISBN 1 852841354. 
  8. ^ "Touristic Sites - South of Amman". Kinghussein.gov.jo. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  9. ^ McClintock, Pamela (June 1, 2012). "Box Office Report: 'Prometheus' Opening Ahead of 'Snow White' in the U.K.". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Archived from the original on June 12, 2012. Retrieved June 3, 2012.