Wageningen

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This article is about the municipality in the Netherlands. For its namesake in Suriname, see Wageningen, Suriname.
Wageningen
Municipality
Market Square in Wageningen
Market Square in Wageningen
Flag of Wageningen
Flag
Coat of arms of Wageningen
Coat of arms
Motto: City of Life Sciences
Highlighted position of Wageningen in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 51°58′N 5°40′E / 51.967°N 5.667°E / 51.967; 5.667Coordinates: 51°58′N 5°40′E / 51.967°N 5.667°E / 51.967; 5.667
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
City right 12 June 1263[1]
Government[2]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Geert van Rumund (PvdA)
Area[3]
 • Total 32.36 km2 (12.49 sq mi)
 • Land 30.49 km2 (11.77 sq mi)
 • Water 1.87 km2 (0.72 sq mi)
Elevation [4] 9 m (30 ft)
Population (May 2014)[5]
 • Total 37,434
 • Density 1,228/km2 (3,180/sq mi)
Demonym Wageninger
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 6700–6709
Area code 0317
Website www.wageningen.nl

Wageningen (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a historic town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. It is famous for Wageningen University, which specializes in life sciences. The municipality had a population of 37,434 in 2014, of which many thousands are students from over 150 countries.

Geography[edit]

Wageningen is situated on the north bank of the Nederrijn (the Dutch portion of the Lower Rhine) part of the Gelderse valley and the Veluwe, of which the southwest hill is called the Wageningse Berg. Wageningen can be reached by car from highways A12 via the N781, A15 via the N233 and N225, and A50 via the N225, and from the Ede-Wageningen railway station via a 15-minute bus drive to the Wageningen central terminal (see below).[6],[7]

2013-Wageningen.jpg

Topographic map of the municipality of Wageningen, July 2013 (click to enlarge)

History[edit]

Wageningen in the 17th century
Main article: History of Wageningen

The oldest known settlements in the Wageningen area were located north of today's town center.[1] They were mentioned as early as 828. During the early Middle Ages a small church was built on the hill east of the town. Several wood farms have been found near the top of the hill. In the twelfth century people settled at what is currently the Bergstraat. Close to Hotel de Wereld a stone floor has been found dating back to this period. After the construction of a dike to protect the city from the acidic water from the moors that then occupied the Gelderse Vallei (the current Hoogstraat), the oldest part of the present city was built to the south. The parts of the city north of the Hoogstraat were built later. Wageningen received city rights in 1263.[1] The city was protected by a city wall and a moat, and in 1526 a castle was built. The castle was dismantled during the 18th century, but the foundations of three of the towers and part of the wall remain visible today.

The people, city, and institutions of Wageningen suffered greatly during World War II. Yet, the town is famous for its role at the end of the war. The central part of Wageningen was destroyed by artillery fire soon after the German invasion of the country in May 1940. Wageningen was the site of the surrender of German General Johannes Blaskowitz to Canadian General Charles Foulkes on May 5, 1945, officially ending the war in the Netherlands. The generals negotiated the terms of surrender in the Hotel de Wereld, near the center of the city.[1] Now, each year on the 5th of May, Liberation Day in the Netherlands, Wageningen hosts a large festival to celebrate the liberation. On this occasion, veteran soldiers parade through the city and are honored for their service, and around 120,000 people[8] visit the pop-podia around the city.[9]

Education & research[edit]

In 1918 the town acquired its first institution of higher education, the Landbouwhogeschool Nederland (Netherlands Agricultural College), which was based on the previous agricultural college founded in 1876, and which later became Wageningen University.[10] This initiated the development from a small historical town into a modern technological community, a process which still continues today.

Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), including associated institutes, now employs about 7400 people.

Today, Wageningen is also the central city in Food Valley,[11] the Dutch food & nutrition cluster concentrated around WUR and comprising many institutes, companies and state-of-the-art facilities in the food & nutrition field. Food Valley is regarded as the largest food & nutrition Research & Development cluster in the world. One such firm, Keygene, a biotechnology company in Wageningen developed AFLP in the early 1990s and collaborated with Beijing Genomics Institute to sequence the entire genome of Brassica napus.

Sports teams[edit]

The city had its own professional football (soccer) club, FC Wageningen, which won the KNVB-beker twice.[12][13] The club went bankrupt in 1992 and played its last match in May 1992 against NAC Breda.

Traffic & transport[edit]

Wageningen is situated on the N225 provincial road, between Driebergen and Arnhem. The N781 provincial road connects Wageningen to the A12 national highway, to the north of the city. A small ferry (for cars, bikes, and pedestrians) crosses the Nederrijn to the south of the city, at Lexkesveer; from there, drivers can connect to the A15 national highway, via the N836 provincial road.

Several firms provide public bus service in and to Wageningen. From the Wageningen central bus terminal, lines connect to Rhenen, Tiel, Veenendaal, Utrecht, Oosterbeek, and Arnhem, and the Ede-Wageningen railway station. Further connections via bus, including to the Hoge Veluwe National Park and the Kröller-Müller Museum, also may be made at the Ede-Wageningen station. Bus service includes the following:[14]

Line Route Carrier Details
45 Wageningen – Rhenen NS – Kesteren NS – Tiel NS Arriva
50 Wageningen – Rhenen Station NS – Els – Amerongen – Leersum – Doorn – Driebergen-Zeist NS – Utrecht CS Connexxion
51 Wageningen – Renkum – Heelsum – Doorwerth – Heveadorp – Oosterbeek – Arnhem CS Breng
52 Ede-Wageningen NS – Bennekom – Wageningen – Renkum – Heelsum – Oosterbeek – Arnhem CS Breng/Syntus Gelderland
53 Wageningen – Renkum – Heteren – Driel – NS Station Arnhem Zuid – Winkelcentrum Kronenburg – Arnhem ’t Duifje. Breng
80 Wageningen – Rhenen Station NS – Veenendaal centrum – Veenendaal de Klomp NS – Renswoude – Scherpenzeel – Woudenberg – Leusden – Amersfoort CS Connexxion
88 Wageningen – Gelderse Vallei Ziekenhuis – Ede-Wageningen NS Syntus Gelderland Part of the Valleilijn
Night bus Arnhem Willemsplein – Wageningen Breng Only Thursday and Saturday night

Politics[edit]

Town hall of Wageningen

Municipal council[edit]

Composition of the Wageningen municipal council since 1994:

Municipal council seats
Party 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014[15]
PvdA 6 7 6 7 4 3
GroenLinks 5 6 6 4 5 5
VVD 3 4 4 3 3 2
CDA 4 3 4 3 3 2
D66 4 2 1 2 6 5
Wageningen City Party - - 1 2 2 5
SP - - - 3 1 2
ChristenUnie - 1 1 1 1 1
Other 1 - - - - -
Total 23 23 25 25 25 25

Mayor[edit]

Wageningen's mayor, Geert van Rumund (PvdA), has served since 1 November 2013.[16]

Notable residents[edit]

Notable people from Wageningen include:

See also: (Dutch) List of people from Wageningen

Places of interest[edit]

Museum The Casteelse poort

(Including nearby)

Twin towns[edit]

Wageningen has two twin towns: Gödöllő (Hungary), and Mörfelden-Walldorf (Germany). The city has a project relation with the towns: Zhangzhou (China) and Ndiza (Rwanda).[21]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "History of Wageningen". Casteelsepoort.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Burgemeester Geert van Rumund" [Mayor Geert van Rumund] (in Dutch). Gemeente Wageningen. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Postcodetool for 6701CZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Wageningen in Gelderland, The Netherlands". maps.google.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Wageningen". OpenStreetMap.org. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  8. ^ "Bevrijdingsdag Wageningen soepel verlopen" (in Dutch). www.omroepgelderland.nl. 6 May 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  9. ^ "4 and 5 may Wageningen" (in Dutch). www.4en5meiwageningen.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "Historie van Wageningen UR" (in Dutch). www.wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Welcome to Food Valley!". foodvalley.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  12. ^ "Historie - Voetbal" (in Dutch). www.stadiondewageningseberg.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  13. ^ Bor, Rien (2001). De Onneembare Vesting; de historie van het betaald voetbal op De Wageningse Berg 1954 -1992. 
  14. ^ "Openbaar vervoer" (in Dutch). www.wageningen.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  15. ^ (Dutch) Definitieve uitslag gemeenteraadsverkiezingen Wageningen 19 maart 2014 on Wageningen.nl
  16. ^ College van B&W van Wageningen
  17. ^ "August Falise (1875-1936)". Geldersepoort.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  18. ^ "lidewij edelkoort". Edelkoort.com. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  19. ^ "Jacqueline Toxopeus". www.sports-reference.com. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  20. ^ "Drs. A. (Alexander) Pechtold". parlement.com. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  21. ^ (Dutch) Evaluatierapport stedenbanden

External links[edit]