Wageningen University and Research Centre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Wageningen University)
Jump to: navigation, search
Wageningen University and Research Centre
Wageningen Universiteit en Researchcentrum
Wageningenuniversity.gif
Motto To explore the potential of nature to improve the quality of life
Established 1918
Type state
Rector Prof. dr. Martin Kropff
Executive Board President Prof. dr. ir. Louise Fresco from July 1, 2014
Admin. staff 6500 total (including 185 full professors)
Students 9426
Undergraduates 3813
Postgraduates 3713
Doctoral students 1900
Location Wageningen, Netherlands
Student nationalities 106 (44% of the postgraduates)
Website wageningenur.nl

Wageningen University and Research Centre (also known as Wageningen UR; abbreviation: WUR) is a Dutch public university in Wageningen, Netherlands. It consists of Wageningen University and the former agricultural research institutes (Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (DLO)) of the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture. Wageningen UR trains specialists (BSc, MSc and PhD) in life sciences and focuses its research on scientific, social and commercial problems in the field of life sciences and natural resources. In the field of agricultural science, the university is considered world-class.[1]

Wageningen University[edit]

Wageningen University offers undergraduate and professional degrees, including doctorates. The university has about 10,000 students from over 100 countries. Its core focus is the life and agricultural sciences. It is a member of the Euroleague for Life Sciences (ELLS) university network.

Aula of Wageningen University
Building sign of WUR

Wageningen University was the first Dutch University or school that was allowed to use the ECTS label. This label is awarded by the European Commission and guarantees the quality of the study programme. An important consideration is that the University consequently applies the European Credit Transfer System; this promotes the mobility of students within Europe and prevents study delay. The label is an acknowledgment of the international character of the University. Out of 56 European applications in 2005, only 3 ECTS labels were awarded.

BSc programmes[edit]

Wageningen University offers 18 BSc programmes (2005-2006). The language of instruction is partly Dutch, partly English. For some BSc programmes the language of instruction is English. The programmes start each year in September, they last three years and consist of 180 ECTS credits. The programmes are in the field of economy & society, health, life sciences & technology, nature & environment, animals & plants.

Economy and society

  • Business and consumer studies
  • Economics and policy
  • International development studies

Health

  • Health and society
  • Nutrition and health

Technology

Nature and environment

  • Soil, water and atmosphere
  • Forest and nature conservation
  • International land and water management
  • Landscape architecture and spatial planning
  • Environmental sciences

Animals and plants

  • Biology
  • Biological Production Sciences
  • Animal sciences
  • Plant sciences

MSc programmes[edit]

Panorama of the greenhouse of the Lumen building

Wageningen University offers a 28 different MSc programmes (2011-2012).[2] The language of instruction is English. The programmes start each year in September, they last two years and consist of 120 ECTS credits. Most programmes offer various specialisations and possibilities for majors.

  • Agricultural and Bioresource Engineering
  • Animal Sciences
  • Aquaculture and Marine Resource Management
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biology
  • Biotechnology
  • Climate Studies
  • Communication Science
  • Development and Rural Innovation
  • Earth and Environment
  • Environmental Sciences
  • European Masters Degree in Food Studies
  • Food Quality Management
  • Food Safety
  • Food Technology
  • Forest and Nature Conservation
  • Geo-information Science
  • Hydrology and Water Quality
  • International Development Studies
  • International Land and Water Management
  • Landscape Architecture and Planning
  • Leisure, Tourism and Environment
  • Management, Economics and Consumer Studies
  • Meteorology and Air Quality
  • Molecular Life Sciences
  • Nutrition and Health
  • Organic Agriculture
  • Public Health and Society (independent specialisation under Management, Economics and Consumer Studies)
  • Plant Biotechnology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Soil Science (now Earth and Environment)
  • Urban Environmental Management

PhD programme[edit]

The PhD programme is a four-year programme which consists of a research component and a smaller education component. To apply for a PhD position, the applicant must contact one of the six Graduate Schools of Wageningen University.[3] In order to guarantee adequate supervision, the research subject must fit in the research programme of a Graduate School. The four-year PhD programme consists of a research component (conducting research under supervision and writing a thesis) and a smaller education component (up to 15% of the total PhD time). Upon completion of PhD programme, the PhD student is expected to be:

  • Able to function as an independent scientist.
  • Able to integrate his or her own work in the theoretical framework of his or her discipline in a broader area of research and able to communicate this in a scientific or general setting.
  • Competent in identifying priority areas of research and in formulating questions and experimental hypotheses pertinent to this research.

History[edit]

In 1876 the Rijkslandbouwschool (National Agricultural College) was established in Wageningen. Due to the development of the training to a higher educational level it changed in 1896 to the Hoogere Land- en Boschbouwschool (Agricultural and Forestry College) and in 1904 in Rijks Hoogere Land-, Tuin- en Boschbouwschool (National Agricultural, Horticulture and Forestry College)

In 1918 the school became academic by law (Academic Education Act). The name changed to Rijks Landbouw Hoogeschool (National Agricultural College). The openings date and official Dies natalis is 9 March 1918.

In 1986 the "hogescholen" (comparable to scientific institute of technology) were renamed to University in a modification of the Academic Education Act. The new name became Landbouwuniversiteit Wageningen (LUW) (Wageningen Agricultural University (WAU)). The 1986 law changes resulted in the use of the name hogeschool in the Dutch system to be used exclusively for universities of applied science.

Over the years the research and teaching branched out into life sciences in general; while interest for agriculture as a career opportunity waned. In 1997, when the DLO institutes merged with the university, the new holding was rebranded as Wageningen UR (Wageningen University and Research Centre); with the University being renamed Wageningen University. Under the Dutch laws the University and the institutes had to remain separate legal entities.

In 2006, the university of applied sciences Van Hall Larenstein became part of Wageningen UR. The idea was to create better collaboration between applied teaching and research at Van Hall and the academic research at Wageningen University. This would also support students to continue with an academic program upon completing their applied degree. However, due to differences in organizational culture and incompatibility of procedures for the different types of higher education, collaboration between the two schools remained problematic. In 2012 it was decided that Van Hall Larenstein would leave Wageningen UR and continue as an independent school once more.

In 2009 it was decided that the University would consistently use the English name in its communication. In addition university research could be presented under the name of the university: Wageningen University (WU) (as an alternative of using the name of the holding Wageningen UR).[4][5]

Research Institutes[edit]

The following research institutes are part of Wageningen UR:

Panorama of the campus of Wageningen University with the Forum, Gaia, Lumen and Atlas buildings on the left, the sport center in the foreground, and the northeastern part of Wageningen on the right.

Rankings[edit]

In the 2013 Times Higher Education World University Rankings[14] Wageningen University was ranked 77th overall in the world. In the THE life sciences ranking, Wageningen was ranked 22nd.[15]

In the more specialised Higher Education Evaluation & Accreditation Council of Taiwan, Wageningen University is ranked first in the field of agriculture. [16]

The Academic Ranking of World Universities ranks Wageningen University as number 32 in the field of Life Sciences and Agriculture.[17]

Student activities and associations[edit]

  • Aktief Slip is the study association for students participating in the study programmes Milieuwetenschappen (BMW), Environmental Sciences (MES) and Urban Environmental Management (MUE). The name is in Dutch and originates from the bacteria containing material (active sludge), that is used to clean wastewater. It was founded in 1966.
  • M.S.V. Alchimica is the study association for students Molecular Life Sciences. For over 35 years it has been organising different activities for its members.
  • B.V.W. 'Biologica' is the study Association for all Biology Students.
  • CODON is the study Asscociation for all Biotechnology students. Established by the first students of Bioprocesstechnology on 16 September 1991. At that time the association carried the name "BiPS" which was later changed to CODON. The association's main language is English.
  • Di-Et-Tri is the study Association for Nutrition and health students.
  • Genius Loci is the study Association for students Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning. The name reflects the atmosphere of a certain place. It was founded on February 15, 1990 after the merger of two older study programmes.
  • Heeren XVII is the study Association for Agrotechnology students. It was founded on 1 April 1965.
  • Ipso Facto is the study association for the students of International Development Studies and Communication Studies. It was created in 2000 when the study 'international culture techniques' split up in 'international land and water management' and 'international development studies'.
  • Licere is the study association for the students of the MSc Leisure, Tourism and Environment. It was founded in 2006 and its name means 'Leisure time' in Latin.
  • Mercurius is the study association for students of Management & Consumer studies, Economics & Governance and Health & Society. It was created in 2000 when several study associations merged, but the association celebrated its 50-year anniversary in November 2012, as it considers the Dies Natalis of the former separate associations to be its own Dies Natalis. The association has nearly 900 members, making it one of the largest study associations in Wageningen.
  • Nicolas Appert is the study Association for Food Technology students. It was founded on 6 September 1962, and was named after the French food scientist Nicolas Appert.
  • Nitocra is the study association for students International land and water management.
  • Pyrus is the study association for students Soil, water and atmosphere.
  • Semper Florens is the study Association for Plant Scientists and Plant Biotechnologists.
  • StEL is the study Association for Organic Agriculture students.
  • WSBV Sylvatica is the study Association for students Forest and Nature conservation.
  • De Veetelers is the study association for Animal Sciences students. The name means "Animal Breeders". It was founded in 1962.

Notable alumni (including present or former employees)[edit]

See Category:Wageningen University alumni and Category:Wageningen University faculty.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ranking.heeact.edu.tw public access to this webpage is not authorized
  2. ^ "Student Service Centre - Wageningen UR". Wageningenuniversity.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  3. ^ "PhD Programme - Wageningen UR". Wageningenuniversity.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  4. ^ "Wageningen Universiteit (WU)" (in Dutch). Studie.nl. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "History of Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Alterra - Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  7. ^ "Socio-economic research - Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  8. ^ "Central Veterinary Institute - Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  9. ^ "Centre for Development Innovation - Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  10. ^ "Food & Biobased Research - Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  11. ^ "IMARES - Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  12. ^ a b c "Applied Plant Research (PPO) - Wageningen UR". Wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  13. ^ "Wageningen UR Glastuinbouw - Wageningen UR". Glastuinbouw.wur.nl. 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  14. ^ "World rankings - Europe". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  15. ^ "Top 100 life sciences universities". Times Higher Education. 2011-11-03. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  16. ^ "2013 Agriculture". nturanking.lis.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  17. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Life and Agriculture Sciences - 2013 | 2013 Top 100 Universities in Life and Agriculture Sciences | ARWU-FIELD 2013". Shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°58′01.52″N 5°39′30.97″E / 51.9670889°N 5.6586028°E / 51.9670889; 5.6586028