Wahgi language

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Wahgi
Native to Papua New Guinea
Region Western Highlands Province
Native speakers
86,000  (1999)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
wgi – Mid-Wahgi
whg – North Wahgi
Glottolog nucl1620  (Nuclear Wahgi)[2]
nort2921  (North Wahgi)[3]

Wahgi is a Trans–New Guinea language of the Chimbu–Wahgi branch spoken by approximately 100,000 people in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
prenasalised m͡b n͡d ŋ͡g
Lateral affricate k͡ʟ̝̊
Fricative voiceless central s
lateral ɬ̪ (ɬ)
voiced central z
lateral ɮ̪
Approximant lateral voiced l ʟ
voiceless ʟ。
central j
Lateral flap ɺ

Like other Chimbu languages, Wahgi has some unusual lateral consonants. According to Phillips (1973),[4] Middle Wahgi has three lateral fricatives, all of which are voiceless in final position and optionally but freely voiced between vowels:

In North Wahgi, and in other related languages, the velar lateral corresponds to an alveolar lateral flap, [ɺ].[5]

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
Close i, ɪ ʊ, u
Open ɛ ɑ

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mid-Wahgi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    North Wahgi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Nuclear Wahgi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "North Wahgi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Donald Phillips, 1973, Wahgi phonology and morphology, Pacific linguistics B, issue 36, pp 17
  5. ^ Phillips 1973:59