Wailuku, Hawaii

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For the river and state park on Hawai'i island, see Wailuku River.
Wailuku, Hawaii
CDP
Wailuku, looking from the Wai'ale Drive Bridge.
Wailuku, looking from the Wai'ale Drive Bridge.
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 20°53′31″N 156°30′8″W / 20.89194°N 156.50222°W / 20.89194; -156.50222Coordinates: 20°53′31″N 156°30′8″W / 20.89194°N 156.50222°W / 20.89194; -156.50222
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Maui
Area
 • Total 5.7 sq mi (14.8 km2)
 • Land 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 249 ft (76 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,313
 • Density 2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)
ZIP code 96793
Area code(s) 808
FIPS code 15-77450
GNIS feature ID 0364757

Wailuku is a census-designated place (CDP) in Maui County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The population was 15,313 at the 2010 census.[1] It is the county seat of Maui County.[2]

Wailuku is located just west of Kahului, at the mouth of the ʻĪao Valley. In the early 20th century Wailuku was the main tourist destination on Maui, though it has since been eclipsed with the rise of the resort towns such as Kaʻanapali, so much that there are no hotels to speak of in Wailuku.

Historic sites in the town include Kaʻahumanu Church (named after one of Hawaiʻi's great monarchs, Queen Kaʻahumanu) which dates to 1876, the Wailuku Civic Center Historic District, the site of the Chee Kung Tong Society Building, and the Bailey House, a 19th-century former seminary and home that houses a history museum and the Maui Historical Society.

There are two ancient temples near Wailuku, called heiau — the Halekiʻi Heiau and the Pihanakalani Heiau. Both date back hundreds of years and were used for religious purposes by the native Hawaiians.[citation needed]

Wailuku is served by Kahului Airport.

Geography[edit]

The modern ancient of Wailuku
The modern district of Wailuku
The ancient (left) and the modern (right) district of Wailuku
Pre-1903 Wailuku and Iao Valley by 19th century American artist Edward Bailey

Wailuku is located at 20°53′31″N 156°30′8″W / 20.89194°N 156.50222°W / 20.89194; -156.50222 (20.891923, -156.502177).[3]

The town is situated at 249 feet (76 m) above sea level, at the base of West Maui Volcano, known historically as Mauna Kahalawai and Hale Mahina, on the northern edge of the isthmus of East Maui (Haleakalā) and West Maui.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.7 square miles (14.8 km2), of which 5.3 square miles (13.8 km2) is land and 0.42 square miles (1.1 km2), or 7.16%, is water.[4]

The three moku or districts of west Maui are Lāhaina, Kāʻanapali, and Wailuku. Wailuku is also known as Pūʻalikomohana, or Nā Wai ʻEhā which means the four waters. The four waters are the ahupuaʻa (smaller land division than district), which are Waikapū, Wailuku, Waiʻehu, and Waiheʻe.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 12,296 people, 4,535 households, and 3,015 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,427.4 people per square mile (936.4/km²). There were 4,780 housing units at an average density of 943.6 per square mile (364.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 42.08% Asian, 26.28% from two or more races, 11.70% Pacific Islander, 8.16% White, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.75% of the population. 1.18% from other races, 0.36% Native American and 0.24% African American.

There were 4,535 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $45,587, and the median income for a family was $51,441. Males had a median income of $33,429 versus $26,487 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,503. About 8.1% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Sports[edit]

Wailuku is the new home of Maui's Golden Baseball League expansion franchise, called Na Koa Ikaika Maui. It is also the hometown of Boston Red Sox outfielder Shane Victorino and Minnesota Twins catcher Kurt Suzuki.

Wailuku also hosts the Maui Bowling Center, which has hosted a strong number of local bowling leagues since its grand opening in 1948. The building was originally constructed in 1945 as a furniture store but was later converted in 1948 for use as a ten-lane bowling alley. The alley utilized manual pin-setters from its opening until 1961, when it converted to automatic setting machines. Located at the corner of Market Street and Vineyard Street in Wailuku.

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Wailuku CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Wailuku CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.