Waimakariri (New Zealand electorate)

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Waimakariri shown as part of the South Island

Waimakariri is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, formed for the 1996 election and returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Waimakariri is Kate Wilkinson of the National Party. She has held this position since defeating Clayton Cosgrove (Labour) in the 2011 election.

Population areas[edit]

Waimakariri is based around the city of Christchurch and towns in its orbit, spreading up the northern coast of the South Island. From Christchurch it contains the suburbs of Casebrook and Belfast; from Waimakariri District to its north, it takes in the towns of Kaiapoi and Rangiora as well as a selection of small inland localities such as Cust and Oxford. Boundary changes following the 2006 census were relatively minor; Waimakariri managed to avoid the upheaval wrought upon electorates in Christchurch, losing Bishopdale to Ilam and the last remaining segment of Papanui to Christchurch Central.

Along with neighbouring Selwyn, Waimakariri has been experiencing strong population growth despite Christchurch overall losing people due to the earthquakes. The 2013 Census has Waimakariri lose most of Redwood and Marshland to Christchurch Central and Christchurch East respectively while gaining the less populated Harewood north of Sawyers Arms Road from Selwyn.[1]

History[edit]

The existence of Waimakariri dates back to the introduction of MMP voting in the 1996 general election, when the number of South Island electorates fell from twenty-five to sixteen. The electorate is based around the old Rangiora electorate, with Hurunui District shorn off and placed in Kaikōura, and the resultant electorate pulled into Christchurch via State Highway 71, absorbing parts of Christchurch previously in the electorate of Christchurch North. The first contest saw Rangiora's Jim Gerard easily defeated by former Prime Minister and MP for Christchurch North, Mike Moore. He left the office in July 1999, having been elected Director-General of the World Trade Organization.

Clayton Cosgrove won the second contest in 1999 and was confirmed in 2002, 2005 and 2008.[2]

Given that Rangiora was a safe National electorate and Christchurch North a safe Labour electorate, and given the urban-rural makeup of the electorate, Waimakariri does not favour any party. At the 2005 election, while Waimakariri's electors were returning incumbent Clayton Cosgrove by 5,064 votes (and in the process slashing his majority in half), their party vote intentions were more ambiguous, with National winning 79 more party votes than Labour, setting Waimakariri up to be a key electorate at the 2008 election. Cosgrove retained the electorate with a much narrower 390 majority in 2008, whilst his opponent Kate Wilkinson's party (National) got over 5000 more party votes.

Results from the 2011 election gave Wilkinson a lead of 642 votes over Cosgrove, shifting the electorate from marginal Labour to marginal National.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key  Labour    National    Alliance    NZ First  

Election Winner
1996 election Mike Moore
1999 election Clayton Cosgrove
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Kate Wilkinson

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waimakariri electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Jim Gerard1
John Wright
1999 election Ron Mark
John Wright
2002 election Ron Mark
2005 election Ron Mark
Kate Wilkinson
2008 election Kate Wilkinson
2011 election Clayton Cosgrove
Richard Prosser

1Jim Gerard retired in April 1997 to take appointment as High Commissioner to Canada

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General Election 2011: Waimakariri[3]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Kate Wilkinson 16,787 47.28 +4.25 20,489 56.89 +7.45
Labour Red XN Clayton Cosgrove 16,145 45.48 +1.39 8,431 23.41 -10.46
Green John Kelcher 1,197 3.37 -0.01 3,050 8.47 +3.04
Conservative Tim de Vries 785 2.21 +2.21 1,177 3.27 +3.27
NZ First Richard Prosser 588 1.66 -1.46 2,131 5.92 +1.96
United Future   208 0.58 -0.33
ACT   195 0.54 -2.00
Legalise Cannabis   155 0.43 +0.10
Māori   93 0.26 -0.12
Mana   35 0.10 -0.12
Democratic   23 0.06 -0.02
Alliance   17 0.05 -0.06
Libertarianz   12 0.03 +0.01
Informal votes 490 297
Total Valid votes 35,502 36,016
National gain from Labour Majority 642 1.81 +2.86

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,387[4]

2008 election[edit]

General Election 2008: Waimakariri[5]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Clayton Cosgrove 16,360 44.09 12,702 33.87
National Kate Wilkinson 15,970 43.04 18,539 49.44
ACT Aaron Keown 1,717 4.63 953 2.54
Green Alan Liefting 1,253 3.38 2,036 5.43
NZ First Melanie Mark-Shadbolt 1,157 3.12 1,482 3.95
Kiwi Leighton Baker 536 1.44 397 1.06
United Future Kelleigh Sheffield-Cranstoun 114 0.31 342 0.91
Progressive   397 1.06
Bill and Ben   228 0.61
Māori   140 0.37
Legalise Cannabis   123 0.33
Family Party   61 0.16
Alliance   40 0.11
Democratic   33 0.09
Workers Party   9 0.02
Libertarianz   7 0.02
Pacific   5 0.01
RONZ   4 0.01
RAM   3 0.01
Informal votes 202 114
Total Valid votes 37,107 37,501
Labour hold Majority 390 1.05


2005 election[edit]

General election 2005: Waimakariri[6]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Clayton Cosgrove 19,084 48.61 -3.72 16,484 41.48
National Kate Wilkinson 13,478 34.33 +13.38 16,565 41.68
NZ First Ron Mark 4247 10.82 -5.90 2453 6.17
Green Alan Liefting 833 2.12 1527 3.84
United Future John Pickering 651 1.66 1295 3.26
Progressive John Wright 458 1.66 609 1.53
Legalise Cannabis Michael Britnell 289 0.74 125 0.31
ACT Rebekah Holdaway 196 0.50 362 0.91
Direct Democracy Jason Orme 23 0.06 5 0.01
Destiny   115 0.29
Māori   62 0.16
Christian Heritage   49 0.12
Democratic   32 0.08
Alliance   21 0.05
Libertarianz   12 0.03
Family Rights   8 0.02
One NZ   8 0.02
99 MP   7 0.02
RONZ   5 0.01
Informal votes 277 116
Total Valid votes 39,258 39,744
Labour hold Majority 5606 14.28 -17.10

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Proposed Electoral Districts November 2013". Elections NZ. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Hon Clayton Cosgrove". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  3. ^ 2011 election results
  4. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  5. ^ 2008 election results
  6. ^ 2005 election results

External links[edit]