|Region||Northeast East Timor|
|33,000 (2010 & 2012 censuses)|
wmh – Waimoa
krd – Kairui-Midiki
Distribution of Waimaha mother-tongue speakers in East Timor
The classification of Waimoa is unclear. Structurally, it is Malayo-Polynesian. However, its vocabulary is largely Papuan, similar to that of Makasae. Although generally classified as Austronesian languages or dialects that have been largely relexified under the influence of a language related to Makasae, it is possible that Waimoa, Kairui, and Midiki are instead Papuan languages related to Makasae which have been influenced by Austronesian.
However, these sounds have also been described as post-glottalized.
There is also vowel harmony.
- Waimoa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Kairui-Midiki at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Waima'a". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kairui-Midiki". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Hajek, John; Bowden, John (June 2002). "A Phonological Oddity in the Austronesian Area: Ejectives in Waimoa". Oceanic Linguistics 41 (1): 222–224. doi:10.1353/ol.2002.0021.
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