Waiola Church

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Waiola Church
Maui-Lahaina-WaiolaChurch-up.JPG
Waiola Church as rebuilt
Location 535 Waineʻe street
Lahaina, Hawaii
Area 2.54 acres (1.03 ha)
Built 1832, rebuilt 1954
Governing body United Church of Christ
Part of Lahaina Historic District (#66000302[1])

Waiola Church is the site of a historic mission established in 1823 on the island of Maui in Hawaii. Originally called Waineʻe Church till 1953, the cemetery is the final resting place for early members of the royal family of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

History[edit]

The first mission to Maui was founded by Reverend William Richards (1793–1847) in 1823.[2] For a few years, temporary structures made from wooden poles with a thatched roof were used. In 1828, island Governor Hoapili supported the building of a stone and wood structure. The Christian church was built adjacent to a pond surrounding an island called Mokuʻula, which was sacred to traditional Hawaiian religion and residence of the king. The first stone building was dedicated on March 4, 1832 and called Waineʻe Church.[2]

Rev. Ephraim Spaulding (1802–1840) joined with his wife Juliet Brooks (1810–1898) from 1832 to 1836.[3] Rev. Dwight Baldwin transferred here in 1836, and served as physician, even though trained in theology. The Baldwins rebuilt the house of the Spaldings, which was kept in the family until 1967 when it was made into a museum.[4]

Waineʻe served as the church for the Hawaiian royal family during the time when Lahaina was the Kingdom's capital, from the 1820 through the mid-1840s. Several members of the royal family were reputedly buried in the cemetery. A notable aspect of the cemetery is that the missionaries and Native Hawaiians were buried side by side.[2]

Another building called Hale Halewai (meeting house) was built a few blocks to the northwest around the same time. In 1855 the congregation built a larger building, calling it Aloha Hale, completed in 1858. It was built to celebrate how Baldwin had spared the population of Maui from the smallpox epidemic of 1853. In 1859 the royal government added benches and desks and used it as a school. In 1862 the Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii used it temporarily.[5]

In 1894 a fire destroyed the wooden church. A new one was built from donations by Henry Perrine Baldwin, son of the original Baldwin pastor. In the 1950s a wind storm knocked down the bell tower of Hale Aloha and damaged the Waineʻe Church. A modern church structure was finished in 1953, when the name was changed to Waiola. The bell from the Hale Aloha tower was salvaged for the new church.[6]

Today[edit]

A congregation uses the church today pastored by na kahu Anela Rose and Grale Chong.[7] The congregation is affiliated with the Hawaii Conference of the United Church of Christ.[8] It is located at 535 Waineʻe street, Lahaina, Hawaii, coordinates 20°52′9″N 156°40′23″W / 20.86917°N 156.67306°W / 20.86917; -156.67306Coordinates: 20°52′9″N 156°40′23″W / 20.86917°N 156.67306°W / 20.86917; -156.67306.

Hale Aloha was remodeled in 1908, but fell into disrepair, and was missing its roof a floor in 1973 when a restoration was begun by the Lahaina Restoration Foundation. The structure was rebuilt by 1985, and stonework by 1992. A bell tower that was built in 1910 was also restored.[9] A new bell was installed in the Hale Aloha tower in 2009.[10] Hale Aloha is located on 600 Luakini Street, coordinates 20°52′21″N 156°40′32″W / 20.87250°N 156.67556°W / 20.87250; -156.67556.

The church and Hale Aloha are two contributing properties of the Lahaina Historic District, designated a National Historic Landmark District on December 29, 1962.[11]

Possible burials in the cemetery[edit]

The tombstones in the cemetery, with death dates:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b c Russell A. Apple (December 21, 1973). "Lahaina Historic District National Historical Landmark update". Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  3. ^ James R. Davis. "Hawaiian Missionaries". Rootsweb.Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  4. ^ "Baldwin House". web site. Lahaina Restoration Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  5. ^ Cecilia J. Gorokhoff (September 1966). "Hale Aloha Church". Historic American Buildings Survey. US Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  6. ^ "Restorations". Uwe Schulz, Architect AIA & Associates. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  7. ^ Kawai Stanich (2008). "Waiʻola Church". Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  8. ^ "Waiola Church". Hawaii Conference of the United Church of Christ. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  9. ^ "Hale Aloha". web site. Lahaina Restoration Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  10. ^ Lee Imada (March 11, 2009). "Hale Aloha bells toll again: It tolls for thee, Lahaina residents, for the first time in six decades". The Maui News. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Lahaina Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-10-29.