Waitaki (New Zealand electorate)
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
This current Waitaki electorate is the successor to parts of the old Otago electorate, with parts of central Otago moving into Clutha-Southland, and the boundary extended far up the South Canterbury coast, to just outside Timaru. The main population areas of the electorate are Wanaka, Alexandra, Cromwell, Oamaru, Waimate, Omarama, Twizel and Geraldine.
The next election was held in early January 1876. Waitaki had become a two-member electorate, and four candidates put their names forward. Steward and Joseph O'Meagher contested the election as abolitionists (i.e. they were in favour of abolishing the provincial government), while Thomas William Hislop and Samuel Edward Shrimski were provincialists (i.e. they favoured the retention of provincial government). The provincialists won the election by quite some margin.
From 1881 onwards, the electorate became a single-member constituency again. Thomas Young Duncan won the 1881 election and the two subsequent elections. In the 1887 election, Duncan was opposed by John Reid, but defeated him by 705 to 676 votes. In the 1890 election, Duncan successfully contested the Oamaru electorate instead, with John McKenzie taking Waitaki. McKenzie had previously held Waihemo and went back to that electorate again for the 1893 election.
William Steward, who was the first representative of the electorate, had since 1881 represented Waimate. He returned to Waitaki for the 1893 election, was successful and also won the five subsequent elections. He held the electorate until 1911. He was appointed to the Legislative Council in the following year, but died within months of the appointment.
Francis Henry Smith succeeded Steward in the 1911 election. At the next election in 1914, Smith stood unsuccessfully in the Timaru electorate. The Waitaki electorate was won by John Anstey that year. At the 1919 election, Anstey was defeated by John Bitchener, who held Waitaki until he was defeated in the 1935 election by David Barnes. Barnes, in turn, held the electorate for one parliamentary term and was defeated in the 1938 election by David Campbell Kidd. At the final count, Kidd had a majority of 10 votes, and Barnes applied for a magisterial recount; this increased the 1938 result to a majority of 14 votes. Kidd represented Waitaki until 1946, when the electorate was abolished and he successfully stood in Waimate instead.
Waitaki was re-established for the 1957 election and was won by Thomas Hayman, who had previously represented Oamaru. Hayman died in office on 2 January 1962 and was succeeded by Allan Dick, who won the 1962 by-election. Dick held the electorate until 1969, when it was abolished again.
The electorate was re-established for the 1978 general election. Jonathan Elworthy of the National Party was the successful candidate. Elworthy was re-elected in the 1981 general election, but defeated in the 1984 general election by Labour's Jim Sutton. Sutton was re-elected in the 1987 general election, but lost to National's Alec Neill in the 1990 general election. Neill was re-elected in the 1993 general election. At the end of the next term, in 1996, the electorate was abolished again. Neill failed to be selected by the National Party as a candidate for any of the electorates for the 1996 general election.
With the advent of Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) voting system in 1996 and the resulting reduction in the number of constituencies, the electorate was split in half; the town of Oamaru was pulled into the resized Otago electorate and the balance was transferred into the new Aoraki electorate.
More recently, the name refers to a constituency which was fought for the first time at the 2008 election. The 2006 census of population and dwellings showed that there has been a general northwards population movement. Even though the number of South Island electorates is fixed, the decline in the population of electorates from Rakaia south has resulted in the boundaries of electorates from Invercargill north to Rakaia shifting northwards. However, Waitaki ended up over quota in the 2013 census and redistribution currently has all communities south of and including Herbert being ceded to Dunedin North..
Members of Parliament
|1871 election||William Steward|
|1876 election||Samuel Shrimski||Thomas Hislop|
|1880 by-election||George Jones|
|1881 election||Thomas Duncan|
|1890 election||John McKenzie|
|1893 election||William Steward|
|1911 election||Francis Smith|
|1914 election||John Anstey|
|1919 election||John Bitchener|
|1935 election||David Barnes|
|1938 election||David Kidd|
|(electorate abolished 1946-1957)|
|1957 election||Thomas Hayman|
|1962 by-election||Allan Dick|
|(electorate abolished 1969-1978)|
|1978 election||Jonathan Elworthy|
|1984 election||Jim Sutton|
|1990 election||Alec Neill|
|(electorate abolished 1996-2008)|
|2008 election||Jacqui Dean|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waitaki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2005 election||David Parker|
|2008 election||David Parker|
|General Election 2011: Waitaki|
Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Democrats||Hessel van Wieren||172||0.46||+0.10||74||0.19||+0.08|
|Total Valid votes||37,786||38,541|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 49,508
|General Election 2008: Waitaki|
Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Democrats||Hessel Van Wieren||140||0.36||44||0.11|
|Direct Democracy||Simon Guy||70||0.18|
|Bill and Ben||263||0.66|
|Total Valid votes||39,327||39,763|
|National win new seat||Majority||11,039||28.07|
|General election, 1896: Waitaki|
|Liberal||Charles Vincent Clarke||299||8.59|
|Opposition||Harry R Parker||155||4.46|
- Scholefield 1950, p. 166.
- "Waitaki District". North Otago Times. Volume XV, Issue 597, 7 February 1871. p. 2. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- "Latest Telegrams". The Southland Times (2247). 27 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- "Waitaki Election. Declaration of the Poll.". North Otago Times. XXIII (1170). 12 January 1876. p. 2. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 114, 139.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 114.
- The Cyclopedia of New Zealand 1897, p. 83.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
- Wilson 1985, p. 194.
- "Waitaki". The Star. Issue 6034, 16 September 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- "Elections". West Coast Times. Issue 6608, 28 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 123.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 86, 140.
- "Waitaki Seat". Auckland Star LXIX (260). 3 November 1938. p. 5. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- "Proposed Electoral Districts November 2013". Elections NZ. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
- 2011 election results
- "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- 2008 election results
- "Electoral District of Waitaki". The Oamaru Mail XXI (6764). 11 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "Waitaki Electoral District". The Oamaru Mail XXI (6750). 11 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- McRobie 1989, p. 64.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1897). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Wellington Provincial District. Wellington: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- Scholefield, Guy Hardy (1925) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record. Wellington: Govt. Printer.