Wakadoshiyori

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Wakadoshiyori (若年寄?), or "Junior Elders", were high government officials in 17th century Tokugawa Japan. The position was established around 1631, but appointments were irregular until 1662.

The four to six Wakadoshiyori were subordinates to the Rōjū, or "Elders", and were responsible for a variety of duties. There were periods when the number of wakadoshiyori rose to 6 or 7 at one time.[1]

The wakadoshiyori ranked below the rōjū in status, but they ranked above the jisha-bugyō. These officials were tasked with supervising the activities of members of the feudal class below daimyō status[1]—and this would include the hatamoto (the Shogun's direct retainers), craftsmen, physicians, public works, and vassals of the Shogun whose annual income was less than 10,000 koku.

They also oversaw the activities of offices in the great castle cities of the country, including Kyoto and Osaka.

List of Wakadoshiyori[edit]

Under Tokugawa Iemitsu (1623–1651)[edit]

  • Matsudaira Nobutsuna (1633–1635)
  • Abe Tadaaki (1633–1635)
  • Hotta Masamori (1633–1635)
  • Abe Shigetsugu (1633–1638)
  • Ōta Sukemune (1633–1638)
  • Miura Masatsugu (1633–1639)
  • Dōi Toshitaka (1635–1638)
  • Sakai Tadatomo (1635–1638)
  • Kutsuki Tanetsuna (1635–1649)

Under Tokugawa Ietsuna (1651–1680)[edit]

  • Kuze Hiroyuki (1662–1663)
  • Tsuchiya Kazunao (1662–1665)
  • Doi Toshifusa (1663–1679)
  • Nagai Naotsune (1665–1670)
  • Hotta Masatoshi (1670–1679)
  • Matsudaira Nobuoki (1679–1682)
  • Ishikawa Norimasa (1679–1682)

Under Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1680–1709)[edit]

  • Hotta Masahide (1681–1685)
  • Inaba Masayasu (1682–1684)
  • Akimoto Takatomo (1682–1699)
  • Naitō Shigeyori (1684–1685)
  • Matsudaira Tadachika (1685)
  • Ōta Sukenao (1685–1686)
  • Inagaki Shigesada (1685–1689)
  • Ōkubo Tadamasu (1687–1688)
  • Miura Akihiro (1689)
  • Yamauchi Toyoakira (1689)
  • Matsudaira Nobutaka (1689–1690)
  • Naitō Masachika (1690–1694)
  • Katō Akihide (1690–1711)
  • Matsudaira Masahisa (1694–1696)
  • Yonekura Masatada (1696–1699)
  • Honda Masanaga (1696–1704)
  • Inoue Masamine (1699–1705)
  • Inagaki Shigetomi (1699–1709)
  • Nagai Naohiro (1704–1711)
  • Kuze Shigeyuki (1705–1713)
  • Ōkubo Norihiro (1706–1723)

Under Tokugawa Ienobu (1709–1712) and Ietsugu (1713–1716)[edit]

  • Torii Tadateru (1711–1716)
  • Mizuno Tadayuki (1711–1714)
  • Ōkubo Tsuneharu (1713–1728)
  • Morikawa Toshitane (1714–1717)

Under Tokugawa Yoshimune (1716–1745)[edit]

Under Tokugawa Ieshige (1745–1760)[edit]

  • Kanō Hisamichi (1745–1748)
  • Hori Naohisa (1745–1748)
  • Miura Yoshisato (1745–1749)
  • Hotta Masanobu (1745–1751)
  • Akimoto Suketomo (1747)
  • Kobori Masamine (1748–1751, 1756–1760)
  • Koide Fusayoshi (1748–1767)
  • Matsudaira Tadatsune (1748–1768)
  • Sakai Tadayoshi (1749–1761, 1761–1787)
  • Ōoka Tadamitsu (1754–1756)
  • Honda Tadahide (1758)
  • Mizuno Tadachika (1758–1775)

Under Tokugawa Ieharu (1760–1786)[edit]

Under Tokugawa Ienari (1787–1837)[edit]

Under Tokugawa Ieyoshi (1837–1853)[edit]

Under Tokugawa Iesada (1853–1858) and Iemochi (1858–1866)[edit]

Under Tokugawa Yoshinobu (1867–1868)[edit]

Wakadoshiyori-kaku[edit]

The wakadoshiyori-kaku were bakufu officials ranking as wakadoshiyori, but not actually appointed as such.[8] List of wakadoshiyori-kaku

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Beasley, William G. (1955). Select Documents on Japanese Foreign Policy, 1853-1868, p. 330.
  2. ^ Beasley, p. 339.
  3. ^ Beasley, p. 331.
  4. ^ Beasley, p. 337.
  5. ^ a b Beasley, p. 338.
  6. ^ a b c d Totman, Conrad D. (1980). The Collapse of the Tokugawa Bakufu: 1862-1868, p. 338.
  7. ^ Beasley, p. 334.
  8. ^ Beasley, pp. 327, 330.

References[edit]