Wakarusa, Indiana

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Wakarusa, Indiana
Town
Downtown Wakarusa
Downtown Wakarusa
Location of Wakarusa in the state of Indiana
Location of Wakarusa in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°32′4″N 86°0′58″W / 41.53444°N 86.01611°W / 41.53444; -86.01611Coordinates: 41°32′4″N 86°0′58″W / 41.53444°N 86.01611°W / 41.53444; -86.01611
Country United States
State Indiana
County Elkhart
Township Harrison, Olive
Area[1]
 • Total 2.28 sq mi (5.91 km2)
 • Land 2.20 sq mi (5.70 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 840 ft (256 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,758
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,776
 • Density 799.1/sq mi (308.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 46573
Area code(s) 574
FIPS code 18-79478[4]
GNIS feature ID 0452499[5]

Wakarusa is a town in Harrison and Olive townships in Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. The population was 1,758 at the 2010 census.[6]

Wakarusa is a small farming and manufacturing community located on Indiana 19 just north of Indiana 119. The town is 12 miles (19 km) south of Elkhart, 25 miles (40 km) southeast of South Bend, 120 miles (190 km) east of Chicago, and 140 miles (230 km) north of Indianapolis.

The town was in the news on August 5, 2009, following the visit of President Barack Obama to announce that Indiana was to receive $400 million USD in federal stimulus funds to help revive the state economy.

Geography[edit]

Wakarusa is located at 41°32′4″N 86°0′58″W / 41.53444°N 86.01611°W / 41.53444; -86.01611 (41.534490, -86.016223).[7]

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 2.28 square miles (5.9 km2), of which 2.20 square miles (5.7 km2) (or 96.49%) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) (or 3.51%) is water.[1] The town sits in the middle of predominantly rural farm land.

History[edit]

In 1836, rural Olive Township was formed in western Elkhart County, and in 1849, as the population grew, a post office named Mt. Olive opened. After more population growth, a new village named Salem was established to prevent people from having to travel to either Goshen or Elkhart to conduct business. Since there is already a town named Salem in Indiana, the name was changed to Wakarusa in 1859.[8] The Mt. Olive Post Office was renamed for Wakarusa a year later.[9]

Railroad - In 1891 work began on the Wabash Railroad line through town, with the official opening of the line in spring of 1893. The line, which connected Chicago with Montpelier, Ohio, became part of the Norfolk & Western Railway in 1964 and lasted until the 1980s. Today, the original Wabash depot along with two Norfolk & Western rail cars are featured along with many other displays at the Wakarusa Historical Museum.

The etymology of the name "Wakarusa" is not known. According to tradition, the name Wakarusa is from a native American language, meaning "knee deep in mud".[10] A more recent source claims a settler named it after a location in Kansas.[11]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,758 people, 665 households, and 448 families residing in the town. The population density was 799.1 inhabitants per square mile (308.5/km2). There were 717 housing units at an average density of 325.9 per square mile (125.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.0% White, 1.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 665 households of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the town was 42 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 23.7% were from 45 to 64; and 22.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 45.8% male and 54.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,618 people, 595 households, and 427 families residing in the town. The population density was 716.0 people per square mile (276.4/km²). There were 618 housing units at an average density of 273.5 per square mile (105.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.34% White, 0.49% African American, 0.19% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

Wakarusa town hall

There were 595 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,515, and the median income for a family was $50,833. Males had a median income of $36,014 versus $25,300 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,615. About 3.2% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Neighboring Nappanee and Wakarusa combined their school systems in the 1970s to create the Wa-Nee Community Schools.

Religion[edit]

Wakarusa has several churches including Wakarusa Missionary Church, which is the Missionary Church denomination based out of Fort Wayne, Indiana. Other churches include a Bible Baptist Church, a Methodist church, and Olive Mennonite Church just outside of Wakarusa.

Notable people[edit]

Economy[edit]

Wakarusa from the air, looking east

Originally solely a farming community, a lumber mill opened in 1866. By the 1880s, several factories and businesses existed, despite the fact that the railroad would not roll into town until 1893.[9] At one point, three different lumber mills operated in the town, though none exist today.

Today, Wakarusa continues to have a thriving farming economy and has two grain mills within the town's limits. Wakarusa's location in Elkhart County places it within a strong industrial area, and because of this, multiple manufacturers are located in the area. Recreational vehicle manufacturing, modular home manufacturing, and custom truck production are the base of the industrial economy. Forest River employs nearly 300 in the RV and modular housing industry, Utilimaster Corporation employs around 800, and Livin-Lite RV has been named a "Company to Watch" in the state of Indiana. It was just announced in February 2012 that Utilimaster is moving all of its manufacturing and headquarters to nearby Bristol, about 20 minutes to the northeast in Elkhart County. When this move is complete, all of the 800 workers will work in Bristol, and Utilimaster will vacate nearly 675,000 square feet (62,700 m2) of manufacturing space in 19 facilities along State Route 19.

On July 17, 2008, Monaco Coach Corporation announced the closing of its Wakarusa production plant and laid off its approximately 1400 workers.[12] Since then, the plant has been reopened under the name Monaco RV, which is fully owned by Navistar, who bought the properties and remaining assets at the Wakarusa complex. The company hopes to employ 700 by 2013.

Today the historic town center has several antique shops and a dime store candy shop that sells locally made maple syrup and jumbo jelly beans to a small but growing number of regional tourists.

Festivals[edit]

Once a year, the town hosts the Maple Syrup Festival and holds a parade as well as other activities associated with small-town celebrations. The festival was started in 1969 by the then Chamber of Progress. Originally held in March, the festival now occurs during the middle of April.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Wakarusa town, Indiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ History of Elkhart County, Indiana. Chas. C. Chapman Co. 1881. p. 1103. 
  9. ^ a b Wakarusa's History
  10. ^ Wenger, Amy Lant (2003). Around Nappanee: Hometowns of the Heritage Trail. Arcadia Publishing. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-7385-3154-0. 
  11. ^ Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995). From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 336. ISBN 978-0-253-32866-3. ...suggested changing the name to Wakarusa for a stream or a place in Kansas, where he had once lived. 
  12. ^ [1]