|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
The Wakatake-class destroyer Kuretake
Maizuru Naval Arsenal
Uraga Dock Company
|Operators:||Imperial Japanese Navy|
|Preceded by:||Minekaze class|
|Succeeded by:||Kamikaze class|
|Displacement:||900 long tons (910 t) normal,
1,100 long tons (1,100 t) full load
|Length:||83.8 m (275 ft) pp,
85.3 m (280 ft) overall
|Beam:||7.9 m (26 ft)|
|Draught:||2.5 m (8.2 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2-shaft Mitsubishi-Parsons geared steam turbine, 3 heavy oil-fired boilers 21,500 ihp (16,000 kW)|
|Speed:||36 knots (67 km/h)|
|Range:||3,000 nmi (5,600 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
|Armament:||3 × Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval gun
2 × 7.7mm machine guns
4 × 53cm torpedoes
20 × mines (Asagao, after July 1944)
• 2 × Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval guns
• 4 × Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Guns,
• 4 × 13 mm Type 93 AA guns,
• 2 × 530 mm (21 in) 6th Year Type TTs
(3 × 6th Year Type torpedoes)
• up to 36 × depth charges
The medium-sized Wakatake-class destroyers were a follow-on to the Momi class as part of the Imperial Japanese Navy's 8-6 Fleet Program from fiscal 1921 as a lower cost accompaniment to the larger Minekaze-class destroyers. The class was originally planned to consist of twenty-three vessels, but due to the Washington Naval Treaty, as well as budgetary limitations, the final number was reduced to eight. The Wakatake class was the last class to be rated "second class" and all future destroyers were designed larger. It was planned that the Wakatake-class ships should have names, but upon completion they were given numbers. This proved to be extremely unpopular with the crews and was a constant source of confusion in communications, so in 1928, names were assigned.
The Wakatake-class destroyers were essentially slightly modified Momi-class ships with a deeper draft to improve handling characteristics in heavy seas, particularly against rolling. Weaponry layout, general arrangement and silhouette were all identical with the Momi class.
As with the Momi class, a number of types of turbine engines were used for propulsion. Asagao was built with Parsons impulse turbines, Yūgao with Escher Wyss & Cie Zoelly turbines, and the remaining vessels with Brown-Curtis turbines.
The small displacement and shallow draft of the Wakatake class limited their utility as fleet escorts. As with the Momi class, in the 1920s and 1930s, they were mainly used in Chinese coastal waters.
In April 1940 Yūgao was re-rated as Patrol Boat No. 46, with considerably reduced armament.
Six of the eight Wakatake-class destroyers still operating as destroyers on the eve of the Pacific War, equally divided between the 13th and 32nd Destroyer Divisions. Desdiv 13 comprised Wakatake, Kuretake, and Sanae, and was assigned to the Kure Naval District. These ships were charged with antisubmarine patrols in the waters of the Inland Sea, Bungo Strait, and western Kyūshū. Desdiv 32 with Asagao, Fuyō and Karukaya came under the Chinkai Guard District and spent the war's early months screening maritime traffic in the Tsushima Straits.
On April 10, 1942, the 1st Surface Escort Division of the Southwest Area Fleet was created, and Desdivs 13 and 32 were assigned to it to provide protection for convoys against Allied submarine activity. The convoy routes were initially those between Moji, Taiwan, and the Philippines. Later, these routes extended to Singapore, French Indochina, the Netherlands East Indies, and Palau. In the course of this service Karukaya set a record by successfully completing 54 convoy escorts before her loss.
Of the six destroyers, four were lost to American submarines, and one to an air attack. Only Asagao survived the war and was finally broken up in 1948.
List of Ships
|Kawasaki Shipyards, Japan||December 13, 1921||July 24, 1921||September 30, 1922||Sunk March 30, 1944 in air attack off Palau [07.50N, 134.20E]; struck May 10, 1944|
|Maizuru Naval Arsenal, Japan||March 15, 1922||October 21, 1922||December 21, 1922||Sunk December 30, 1944 by USS Razorback at Bashi Channel [21N, 121.24E]; struck February 10, 1945|
|Uraga Dock Company, Japan||April 5, 1922||February 15, 1923||November 5, 1923||Torpedoed Celebes Sea [04.52N, 122.07E] 1943-11-13 by USS Bluefish; struck January 5, 1944|
|Uraga Dock Company, Japan||November 20, 1922||September 1, 1923||July 24, 1924||Capsized December 5, 1932 in storm off Keelung, Taiwan [27.17N, 122.12E]; struck April 1, 1933|
|Ishikawajima Shipyards, Japan||March 14, 1922||November 4, 1922||May 10, 1923||Sunk August 22, 1945 by naval mine at Kanmon Straits; raised, BU 1948|
|Ishikawajima Shipyards, Japan||May 15, 1922||April 14, 1923||May 31, 1924||Converted February 1, 1940 to Patrol Boat No. 46 (第四六号哨戒艇 Dai-46-Gō shōkaitei?); sunk November 10, 1944 by USS Greenling at Irōzaki|
|Fujinagata Shipyards, Japan||February 16, 1922||September 23, 1922||March 16, 1923||Torpedoed December 20, 1943 off Manila Bay [14.44N, 119.55E] by USS Puffer; struck February 5, 1944|
|Fujinagata Shipyards, Japan||May 16, 1922||March 19, 1923||August 20, 1923||Torpedoed May 10, 1944 west of Luzon [15.38N, 119.25E] by USS Cod; struck July 10, 1944|
The IJN originally planned that the Wakatake-class ships should have names, but upon completion they were given numbers due to the projected large number of warships the IJN expected to build through the Eight-eight fleet plan. This proved to be extremely unpopular with the crews and was a constant source of confusion in communications. In August 1928, names were assigned, but not the original names that were planned.
|Plan name and transliteration||Original name as ordered||Renamed 24 April 1924||Renamed 1 August 1928|
Black bamboo, Phyllostachys nigra
Rice sprouts on May
Bracken on Spring
One of the Poaceae
One of the Poaceae
- Evans, David (1979). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887–1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7.
- Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8.
- Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X.
- Watts, A. J. Japanese Warships of World War II, Ian Allen, London, 1967.
Collection of writings by Sizuo Fukui Vol.5, Stories of Japanese Destroyers, Kōjinsha (Japan) 1993, ISBN 4-7698-0611-6
- Model Art Ship Modelling Special No.17, Genealogy of Japanese Destroyers Part-1, Model Art Co. Ltd. (Japan), September 2005, Book code 08734-9
- Model Art Extra No.340, Drawings of Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels Part-1, Model Art Co. Ltd. (Japan), October 1989, Book code 08734-10
- Daiji Katagiri, Ship Name Chronicles of the Imperial Japanese Navy Combined Fleet, Kōjinsha (Japan), June 1988, ISBN 4-7698-0386-9
- Nishida, Hiroshi. "Materials of IJN: Minekaze class destroyer". Imperial Japanese Navy.
- Globalsecurity.org. "IJN Wakatake class destroyers".
- Nevitt, Allyn D. "They Also Served: The Second-Class Destroyers". Combined Fleet.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wakatake class destroyers.|
- Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945
- Globalsecurity.org, IJN Wakatake class destroyers
- Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
- Nevitt, Combined Fleet.com