Wake Forest, North Carolina

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Wake Forest, N.C.
Town
Location in Wake County and the state of North Carolina.
Location in Wake County and the state of North Carolina.
Coordinates: 35°58′24″N 78°31′8″W / 35.97333°N 78.51889°W / 35.97333; -78.51889Coordinates: 35°58′24″N 78°31′8″W / 35.97333°N 78.51889°W / 35.97333; -78.51889
Country United States
State North Carolina
Counties Wake, Franklin
Incorporated 1880
Government
 • Mayor Vivian A. Jones
Area
 • Total 15.2 sq mi (39.4 km2)
 • Land 15.1 sq mi (39.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 387 ft (118 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 30,117
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (760/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 27587-27588
Area code(s) 919
FIPS code 37-70540[2]
GNIS feature ID 1023094[3]
Website http://www.wakeforestnc.gov/

Wake Forest is a town in Wake County (small part in Franklin County, North Carolina) located in the U.S. state of North Carolina, and is located just north of the state capital, Raleigh. The population was 30,117 at the 2010 census,[4] up from 12,588 at the 2000 census. In 2007, the town was listed by Forbes magazine as the 20th fastest growing suburb in America, with a 73.2 percent increase in population between 2000 and 2006.[5] Wake Forest was the original home of Wake Forest University for 122 years before it moved to Winston-Salem in 1956.

The US Office of Management and Budget also includes Wake Forest as a part of the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 1,998,808 as of U.S. Census 2012 Population Estimates.[6] Effective June 6, 2003 the Office of Management and Budget redefined the Federal Statistical Areas and dismantled what had been for decades the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, MSA and split them into two separate MSAs even though the region still functions as a single metropolitan area.

History[edit]

In 1820, Dr. Calvin Jones, originally from New England, bought 615 acres (2.49 km2) of forested land in Wake County, North Carolina. The sparsely populated area became known as the Forest of Wake, or Wake Forest. Jones sold his farm to the North Carolina Baptist Convention for $2,000, who opened the Wake Forest Manual Labor Institute, later Wake Forest College, on the site. The Raleigh & Gaston Railroad, completed in 1840, established a depot in nearby Forestville that stimulated the school and surrounding village. College leaders convinced the railroad to move the depot even closer to the college in 1874, leading to more economic development. This community was incorporated as the "Town of Wake Forest College" in 1880. In 1909, the word "College" was removed from the name of the town. The college moved to the much larger city of Winston-Salem in 1956.[7] Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary began offering classes on the original campus of Wake Forest University in 1950, and occupied the entire campus when the university completed its move.

Government[edit]

Wake Forest operates under the Council-Manager form of government. The citizens elect a Mayor and Board of Commissioners as the town's governing body. The Town Manager is appointed by the Board to serve as the chief operating officer administering all municipal affairs.[8][9] The current mayor is Vivian A. Jones, and current council members include Zachary Donahue, Anne Hines, Frank Drake, Greg Harrington and Margaret Stinnett.[10]

A new town hall facility opened downtown in September 2010. The facility is located at 301 South Brooks Street. The Police Department remains at 225 South Taylor Street nearby.[11]

Town management expects the building to receive LEED certification in early 2011.[12] The US Green Building Council says, “LEED certification provides independent, third-party verification that a building project meets the highest green building and performance measures.”[13]

According to a brochure posted on the town's official website, up to 70% of anticipated power usage in the facility will be offset by green power sources, including wind and solar power. Construction included lots of natural lighting, planned air distribution and energy efficiency measures.[12]

Geography[edit]

Wake Forest is located at 35°58′24″N 78°31′8″W / 35.97333°N 78.51889°W / 35.97333; -78.51889 (35.973289, -78.518789)[14].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.2 square miles (39.4 km2). 15.1 square miles (39.1 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) of it (0.80%) is water.[15]

Wake Forest is located in the northeast central region of North Carolina, where the North American Piedmont and Atlantic Coastal Plain regions meet. This area is known as the "fall line" because it marks the elevation inland at which waterfalls begin to appear in creeks and rivers. Its central Piedmont location situates Wake Forest about three hours by car west of Atlantic Beach, North Carolina, and four hours east of the Great Smoky Mountains.

Climate[edit]

Wake Forest enjoys a moderate subtropical climate, with moderate temperatures in the spring, fall, and winter. Summers are typically hot with high humidity. Winter highs generally range in the low 50s°F (10 to 13 °C) with lows in the low-to-mid 30s°F (-2 to 2°C), although an occasional 60°F (15°C) or warmer winter day is not uncommon. Spring and fall days usually reach the low-to-mid 70s°F (low 20s°C), with lows at night in the lower 50s°F (10 to 14°C). Summer daytime highs often reach the upper 80s to low 90s°F (29 to 35°C). The rainiest months are July and August.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 456
1890 858 88.2%
1900 823 −4.1%
1910 1,443 75.3%
1920 1,425 −1.2%
1930 1,536 7.8%
1940 1,562 1.7%
1950 3,704 137.1%
1960 2,664 −28.1%
1970 3,148 18.2%
1980 3,780 20.1%
1990 5,769 52.6%
2000 12,588 118.2%
2010 30,117 139.3%
Est. 2012 32,936 9.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 estimate

As of the 2000 census[2], there were 12,588 people, 4,617 households, and 3,407 families residing in Wake Forest. The population density was 1,614.4 inhabitants per square mile (623.1/km²). There were 5,091 housing units at an average density of 652.9 per square mile (252.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 79.63% White, 15.78% African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.03% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.08% of the population.

There were 4,617 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 39.3% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $52,307, and the median income for a family was $60,408. Males had a median income of $45,630 versus $30,205 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,746. About 6.3% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

The town is served by nine public schools which are administered by the Wake County Public School System. Public schools include:

  • Heritage Elementary School
  • Jones Dairy Elementary School
  • Wake Forest Elementary School
  • Richland Creek Elementary School (opened August 2012)
  • Heritage Middle School
  • Wake Forest Middle School
  • Heritage High School (opened August 2010)
  • Wake Forest High School

Franklin Academy is a public charter school (K-12), and Endeavor Charter School (K-8) will be moving to Wake Forest in the Fall of 2014. Private schools include Thales Academy, All Saints Academy, and Saint Catherine of Siena Catholic School, serving grades K-8.[16] Wake Forest is also home to two Montessori schools, Wake Forest Montessori[17] and Children's House Montessori.[18]

Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

Higher learning[edit]

Wake Technical Community College [19] is an area two-year college with a north campus on Louisburg Road in Raleigh. Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary is a seminary of the Southern Baptist Convention. It began offering classes in 1950 on the original campus of Wake Forest University and is commonly known by its acronym, SEBTS.

Culture[edit]

Historical locations[edit]

The DuBois Center is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[20] The W.E.B. DuBois School opened in 1926 for the African-American community in Wake Forest before racial segregation ceased in 1971. After the school outgrew the facility and moved to a new location, the building was vacant for a decade until the DuBois Alumni Association purchased the building and made it into a community center.[21]

Wake Forest Historical Museum, also known as the Calvin Jones Historical House, was built in 1820 and was the residence of the first president of Wake Forest College and the center of activities that took place at the school. The museum displays the history of the town of Wake Forest as well as Wake Forest University. The house contains collections of photos, books, college publications, furniture, documents, professors’ writings, and medical, law and sports memorabilia.[22]

Library[edit]

The Wake County Public Library System operates a branch in Wake Forest.[23]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Wake Forest is home to the Falls Lake State Recreation Area. Falls Lake Park contains the 12,000-acre (49 km2) Falls Lake and 26,000 acres (110 km2) of woodlands.[24]

Wake Forest is served by ten parks and community centers. They include the following:[25]

  • Plummer Park
  • Joyner Park
  • Tyler Run Park
  • Holding Park and Wake Forest Community House
  • J.B. Flaherty Park
  • Taylor Street Park and Alton Massenburg Center
  • Ailey Young Park
  • H.L. Miller Park
  • Kiwanis Park
  • Smith Creek Soccer Center

Transportation[edit]

Passenger[edit]

  • Air: Wake Forest is served by Raleigh-Durham International Airport, which is located 20 miles (32 km) southwest of the town in northwestern Wake County.
  • Interstate Highway: Wake Forest can be accessed by I-85 and I-40. The town is located to the east of I-85 and north of I-40.
  • Wake Forest is not served directly by passenger trains. Amtrak serves nearby Raleigh.
  • Local bus: The Triangle Transit Authority operates buses that serve the region and connect to municipal bus systems in Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill.

Roads[edit]

Media[edit]

On air[edit]

  • WCPE-FM, located in Wake Forest, is a classical music station that provides its programming over the air, via the Internet, and via C-band and Ku-band satellite.

Newspaper[edit]

  • The town's independently-owned community newspaper, The Wake Weekly, has an average circulation of more than 8,400 copies per week.[26]

Online only[edit]

  • Wake Forest News is the fifth best newspaper in town and prides themselves in putting an entertaining and hopefully humorous spin on local Wake Forest news. They proudly stand behind their motto, "Half our news is fit to print."

[27]

  • Wake Forest Today is the town's first digital daily news portal. It is an online news source that covers local news and events that are important to Wake Forest and the surrounding area and is totally responsive on all digital devices.

[28]

  • The online Destination Wake Forest is a family-friendly portal that focuses on news, events, and scuttlebutt around Wake Forest. It is one of the two news sources in Wake Forest that readers can access completely online and share on the social web.

[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Wake Forest town, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 30, 2011. 
  5. ^ 3 Area Towns Among Fastest-Growing Suburbs :: WRAL.com
  6. ^ "Population Estimates 2012 Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  7. ^ History - Wake Forest, NC
  8. ^ Mayor - Wake Forest, NC
  9. ^ Board of Commissioners - Wake Forest, NC
  10. ^ Board Members - Wake Forest, NC
  11. ^ Town of Wake Forest, New Town Hall
  12. ^ a b Town of Wake Forest, Town Hall's Green Features
  13. ^ US Green Building Council
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Wake Forest town, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 30, 2011. 
  16. ^ schools in Wake Forest - YELLOWPAGES.COM
  17. ^ - YELLOWPAGES.COM
  18. ^ - YELLOWPAGES.COM
  19. ^ Wake Technical Community College/
  20. ^ Area Attractions - Wake Forest, NC
  21. ^ DuBois
  22. ^ Wake Forest College Birthplace Society
  23. ^ WakeGOV.com - Wake Forest Branch Library
  24. ^ N.C. Division of Parks and Recreation: - Welcome to Falls Lake State Recreation Area
  25. ^ Parks & Facilities - Wake Forest, NC
  26. ^ Welcome to the Wake Weekly Online Edition
  27. ^ Wake Forest News - Entertaining Wake Forest with news since 2013.
  28. ^ Wake Forest Today - The Community's First Digital Daily News Source
  29. ^ Destination Wake Forest - It's What Everyone's Talking About!

External links[edit]