Wakefield, Massachusetts

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Wakefield, Massachusetts
Town
Town of Wakefield
Veterans Field
Wakefield CommonPark Avenue
Saint Joseph SchoolUpper Depot
Col. James Hartshorne House Elizabeth Boit House
Lake QuannapowittHouse at 1 Morrison Avenue

Each row, from left to right:
Softball at Veterans Field, July 17, 2012
Wakefield Common, Park Avenue,
Saint Joseph School, Upper Depot,
Col. James Hartshorne House, Elizabeth Boit House,
Lake Quannapowitt, 1 Morrison Avenue
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°30′23″N 71°04′24″W / 42.50639°N 71.07333°W / 42.50639; -71.07333Coordinates: 42°30′23″N 71°04′24″W / 42.50639°N 71.07333°W / 42.50639; -71.07333
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1638
Incorporated 1812
Renamed "Wakefield" 1868
(more...)
Named for Cyrus Wakefield
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Administrator Stephen P. Maio [2]
(more info...)
 • Board of Selectmen Patrick S. Glynn (through 2017)[2]
Betsy Sheeran (through 2017)[2]
Paul R. DiNocco (through 2015)[2]
Tiziano Doto (through 2016)[2]
Phyllis J. Hull (through 2016)[2][nb 1]
Ann Santos (through 2016)[2][nb 2]
Brian E. Falvey (through 2015)[nb 3] [2]
(more info...)
 • Town Clerk Mary K. Galvin[5]
 • Clerk to the Board of Selectmen Sherri Eskenas[2][6]
 • Counsel Thomas A. Mullen [nb 4][8][9][10]
Area
 • Total 7.9 sq mi (20.5 km2)
 • Land 7.5 sq mi (19.3 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 100 ft (30 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 24,932[1]
 • Rank 73rd in Massachusetts
 • Demonym Wakefieldian
(more...)
(more...)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01880
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-72215
GNIS feature ID 0619410
Website http://www.wakefield.ma.us/

(more articles on Wakefield...)
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Wakefield is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts in the Greater Boston metropolitan area,[11] incorporated in 1812 and located about 12.5 mi (20.1 km) north-northwest of Downtown Boston. The 73rd most populous municipality in Massachusetts, Wakefield's population was 24,932 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Wakefield was first settled in 1638 as Lynn Village. It officially separated from Lynn and incorporated as Reading in 1644 when the first church and mill were established. This first corn mill was built on the Mill River on Water Street, and later small saw mills were built on the Mill River and the Saugus River.

The old parish church became known as the Old or South Parish when in 1713 the North Parish was established. This North Parish later became the town of North Reading. In 1769 the West Parish was established. In 1812 the Old or South Parish of Reading separated from Reading and was officially incorporated as South Reading. At the time it was spelt South Redding, not South Reading.

The railroad was chartered and built in 1844 between Wilmington and Boston. This later became the main line of the Boston and Maine Railroad. The Boston and Maine Foundry was built in 1854 and was later reincorporated as the Smith and Anthony Stove Company. The Boston Ice Company cut and shipped ice from Lake Quannapowitt starting in 1851.

The Rattan Works (which made wicker furniture) was established in 1856 by Cyrus Wakefield. This later grew into the Wakefield Rattan Company and at one time had a thousand employees. In 1868 Cyrus Wakefield donated land and money for a new town hall, and in thanks the town voted to change its name from South Reading to Wakefield. The town hall, currently named for William J. Lee,[12] is located at 1 Lafayette Street.[2][13]

In 1856 the South Reading public library was established, which later became the Beebe Town Library. The first weekly newspaper in town was established in 1858.

One of the oldest and largest manufacturers of flying model airplane toys in the world, Paul K. Guillow, Inc. is located in Wakefield. The company is particularly notable for its extensive line of balsa wood model airplane kits.

Route 128 was built along the north edge of the town by 1958, and the American Mutual Insurance Company built its headquarters between Lake Quannapowitt and Route 128. American Mutual had over 1000 employees, most of them commuting to work via Route 128. By the late 1980s American Mutual was in liquidation due to the Woburn W. R. Grace litigation. The headquarters building was sold to the Beal Company and was home to Boston Technology Inc. which invented and manufactured corporate voice mail systems that operated on computer systems. Boston Technology merged in 1997 with Comverse Technology, a digital telecommunications equipment manufacturer, who later bought the building; Wakefield became headquarters of its eventual spinoff, Comverse.

The northeastern part of Wakefield was home to an amusement park, Pleasure Island, billed as "The Disneyland of the Northeast," but the park closed in 1969 after only ten years of operation[14] due to unseasonably cold weather that brought diminishing returns among tourists.[14] In April 1971, a fire burned down much of the amusement park. The area now consists of several office buildings and is called "Edgewater Park".[14]

The bicentennial of the incorporation of Wakefield took place in 2012 after the town was incorporated in 1812.

Crimes[edit]

On December 26, 2000, seven workers at Edgewater Technology in Wakefield, Massachusetts were shot and killed by an Edgewater Tech employee. The 42-year-old gunman was an application supporter at Edgewater Technology.

During his trial, he stated that he was born without a soul and that God had allowed him to earn a soul by traveling back in time to kill Nazis. However, the prosecution asserted that the killings were motivated by his employer's garnishing of his wages to the IRS, as he failed to pay back taxes. He was found guilty of seven counts of first degree murder and sentenced to seven consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.

In 2008 this case was studied on the psychology program Most Evil.

Geography[edit]

The diagram above shows what is to the east, west, north, south, and other directions of the center of Wakefield. Towns with population above 25,000 are in bold italics.

Wakefield is located at 42°30′4″N 71°4′16″W / 42.50111°N 71.07111°W / 42.50111; -71.07111 (42.501345, -71.071324).[15]

Reading, Massachusetts (northwest), Melrose, Massachusetts (south), Stoneham, Massachusetts (southwest), Lynnfield, Massachusetts (northeast), and Saugus, Massachusetts (southeast) border Wakefield.

Route 129 runs through Wakefield as its Main Street. I-95 and Route 128 skirt the northwestern border of Wakefield as one road known as the "Yankee Division Highway".

View of Wakefield's Upper Common, with Civil War memorial at center right.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20 km2), of which 7.5 square miles (19 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), or 5.56%, is water.

Wakefield has two lakes, Crystal Lake and Lake Quannapowitt. Crystal Lake is used as a reservoir for some of the town's drinking water. Lake Quannapowitt is used for a wide variety of recreational activities, including boating, windsurfing and fishing, and is the primary source of the Saugus river.

In 1847, Lake Quannapowitt was named for the Indian, James Quannapowitt, one of the signers of the old Indian Deed of 1686. The earliest settlers referred to the lake simply as the "Greate Pond" or "Reading Pond."

Lake Quannapowitt, seen here, is the larger of Wakefield's two principal lakes, the other being Crystal Lake.

Lake Quannapowitt is also home to the oldest inland yacht club in the United States, Quannapowitt Yacht Club which was founded in 1886.

Long regarded as "Wakefield's greatest natural resource," Lake Quannapowitt covers an area of 247 acres (1.00 km2). Its outlet is the Saugus River to the Atlantic Ocean. Wakefield Common sits to the south of the lake, and is the site of many recreational activities and events throughout the year. In 1991, a group of local citizens formed "The Friends of Lake Quannapowitt" to advocate for the lake and to educate the public about this natural resource. The group has also raised money for projects that benefit the lake and the surrounding areas.

Climate[edit]

Wakefield harbors a climate typical to the Northeastern United States, with cold, snowy winters, cool, rainy springs, cool, sunny autumns, and hot, humid summers.[16] The town received, along with many other parts of Massachusetts, 2 to 3 feet (0.61 to 0.91 m) of snow during a January 2011 Nor'Easter, and received 27.5 inches (700 mm) or 2.29 feet (0.70 m) of snow during the February 2013 Nor'Easter known as Winter Storm Nemo.[17]

Climate data for Wakefield, Massachusetts
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 35
(2)
38
(3)
46
(8)
57
(14)
68
(20)
77
(25)
82
(28)
80
(27)
72
(22)
61
(16)
50
(10)
39
(4)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
18
(−8)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
45
(7)
54
(12)
60
(16)
59
(15)
50
(10)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
38
(3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.36
(110.7)
3.57
(90.7)
4.37
(111)
4.17
(105.9)
3.85
(97.8)
3.64
(92.5)
3.66
(93)
3.50
(88.9)
3.82
(97)
4.37
(111)
4.64
(117.9)
4.36
(110.7)
48.31
(1,227.1)
Source: http://www.idcide.com/weather/ma/wakefield.htm[16]

Demographics[edit]

2010 U.S. Census demographics [1][edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 24,932 people, 9,994 households, 10,500 housing units, and 6,547 families residing in the Town of Wakefield.

Racial makeup, 2010[edit]

The racial makeup of the Town in 2010 was:[1]

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% (575) of the population.

Household statistics, 2010[edit]

In the Town in 2010, there were 9,994 households out of which:[1]

  • 28.3% (2,825) had children under the age of 18 living with them
  • 52.7% (5,265) were a husband and a wife living together
  • 3.2% (323) had a male householder with no wife present
  • 9.6% (959) had a female householder with no husband present.

The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.[1]

Age classifications, 2010[edit]

In the Town in 2010, the population was spread out agewise with:[1]

  • 5.6% (1,401) under the age of 5 years
  • 5.9% (1,478) between the ages of 5 and 9
  • 6.2% (1,534) between the ages of 10 and 14
  • 5.5% (1,365) between the ages of 15 and 19
  • 4.7% (1,176) between the ages of 20 and 24
  • 6.1% (1,530) between the ages of 25 and 29
  • 6.2% (1,534) between the ages of 30 and 34
  • 6.8% (1,705) between the ages of 35 and 39
  • 7.9% (1,981) between the ages of 40 and 44
  • 8.6% (2,137) between the ages of 45 and 49
  • 8.3% (2,066) between the ages of 50 and 54
  • 7.3% (1,816) between the ages of 55 and 59
  • 6.2% (1,538) between the ages of 60 and 64
  • 4.2% (1,039) between the ages of 65 and 69
  • 3.3% (811) between the ages of 70 and 74
  • 2.5% (633) between the ages of 75 and 79
  • 2.4% (607) between the ages of 80 and 84
  • 2.3% (581) aged 85 years or older.

The median age was 41.9 years, 40.6 for males and 43.0 for females.[1]

2007/2008 demographics[edit]

The population of Wakefield was 24,915 as of July 2007.

The town's population was 47.4% (11,814) males versus 52.6% (13,101) females.:

The median resident age was 38.9 years, compared to the Massachusetts median age of 36.5.

In 2008, the median household income was $85,011, about $20,000 above Massachusetts as a whole.

The estimated income per capita was $39,918.

The estimated median house or condominium value in 2008 was $416,592, up from $240,300 in 2000, representing a $176,292 increase in real estate desirability.

Racial makeup, 2007/08[edit]

Racially, Wakefield broke down as:


A jazz concert on the steps of Lucius Beebe Memorial Library on June 26, 2014, with Main Street in Downtown Wakefield in the background.

Ancestry breakdown, 2007/08[edit]

Ancestries in Wakefield broke down thus

The cost of living index was listed as 121.4, 21.4 points above the U.S. average.

2000 U.S. Census demographics[edit]

As of the census[26] of 2000, there were 24,804 people, 9,747 households, and 6,608 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,321.6 people per square mile (1,282.0/km²). There were 9,937 housing units at an average density of 1,330.7 per square mile (513.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.94% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races.

Wakefield Lower Common as seen on July 9, 2010

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 9,747 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.


In the town the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $66,117, and the median income for a family was $77,834. Males had a median income of $51,591 versus $39,327 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,369. About 1.7% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Wakefield hosts yearly major town meetings to discuss the budget. As it is a town, not a city, Wakefield's main decisions are made, in the New England style, by a Board of Selectmen. A number of other matters are handled by different committees in the town, such as the Finance Committee, or FinCom, the Zoning Board of Appeals, and the School Board. The Town Hall houses the Board of Selectmen and the Finance Committee,[13] as well as other town boards and offices.

List of Wakefield Governmental Positions[edit]

"List of officeholders in Wakefield, Massachusetts" redirects here.
List of Wakefield Governmental Positions
Title Name
Town Accountant Kevin Gill
Animal Control Officer Kenneth Stache
Assessor Victor Santaniello
Beebe Library
Director
Sharon Gilley
Health Director Ruth Clay
Building Inspector John Roberto
Community Development
Program Manager
Wayne Darragh
Council on Aging
Executive Director
Judy Luciano
DPW Director Richard Stinson
Emergency
Management Director
Michael Sullivan
Employee
Benefits Manager
Laurie Riley
Wakefield Fire
Department (WFD) Chief
Michael Sullivan
Information Technology
Department Director
David Knox
Wakefield Municipal Gas &
Light Department
(WMGLD) Manager
Peter Dion
Parking Clerk Kenneth Stache
Wakefield Police
Department (WPD) Chief
Richard Smith
Wakefield Recreation
Department Director
Vacant
Wakefield Retirement
Board Administrator
Cathy Cheek
Wakefield School Department
Superintendent
Dr. Stephen K. Zrike, Jr.[27]
Wakefield School Department
Assistant Superintendent
Dr. Sandra Halloran
(interim)
Tax Collector Kathleen Kelly
Town Administrator Stephen P. Maio
Town Clerk Mary K. Galvin
Town Counsel Thomas Mullen
Town Planner Paul Reavis
Town Treasurer John J. McCarthy, Jr.
Veterans' Services Ryan M. McLane
Andrew Biggio
Marianne McPherson
Wakefield Housing
Authority
Sandra Gass
Water and Sewer Supervisor Steven Fitzpatrick
As of April 2014
Sources:[5][28][29]

Board of Selectmen, Town Administrator, Clerk, and Counsel[edit]

"Board of Selectmen of Wakefield, Massachusetts", "Town Administrator of Wakefield, Massachusetts", "Stephen Maio", "Phyllis Hull", and "John B. Encarnacao" redirect here.

Stephen Maio was the town administrator as of 2013.[2] The Board of Selectmen consisted of, as of May 2013, Betsy Sheeran, Brian Falvey, Phyllis Hull, Ann Santos, Paul DiNocco, Patrick Glynn, and Tiziano Doto,[2][8][9][10] with Mary K. Galvin as town clerk,[5] Sherri Eskenas as clerk to the Board of Selectmen,[2][6] and Thomas Mullen as town counsel.[2][8][9][10] The official professional title abbreviation for the Selectmen/Selectwomen is Sel.[8][9][10] Administrator Maio hosts a "Town Administrator's Report" monthly on the Public-access television cable TV station, WCAT-TV[30] (about which more below).

Recent Selectmen Elections[edit]

2012

Brian Falvey replaced Albert Turco in a Selectmen's seat in town elections of April 24, 2012,[2][4] and Paul R. DiNocco renewed a term for three years.[2][4]

2013

In 2013, Selectmen John B. Encarnacao and James E. Good[6] announced that they would not seek reelection.[3] Vice Chair Tiziano Doto was reelected to a three-year term while former Board of Health member Ann Santos won a seat. Former Selectwoman Phyllis Hull returned to the Board with a term lasting through 2016.[2][3]

2014

In 2014, Selectmen Patrick S. Glynn and Betsy Sheeran ran in a three-way election against one challenger, Roland A. Cote.[31] Both Glynn and Sheeran renewed their terms through 2017.[2]

Finance Committee[edit]

"Finance Committee of Wakefield, Massachusetts", "Wakefield, Massachusetts Finance Committee", and "FinCom (Wakefield, Massachusetts)" redirect here.

The Finance Committee, colloquially abbreviated FinCom, is responsible for matters of finance in the town and for setting a budget for the town and its various departments to follow. The thirteen-member committee is composed of, as of April 2014,[32] Chairman Brian Cusack,[32] Kathleen Beaulieu,[32] Joseph Bertrand,[32] William Boodry,[32] Douglas Butler,[32] Dennis Hogan,[32] Quirino Iannazzo,[32] Gerard Leeman,[32] Jeanne MacNevin,[32] Peter McManama,[32] Philip F. McCarty,[32] Daniel Sherman,[32] Wayne Tarr,[32] Joseph Tringale,[32] and Lorri Wheeler.[32]

Board of Health[edit]

"Board of Health of Wakefield, Massachusetts", "Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Health", and "BOH (Wakefield, Massachusetts)" redirect here.

The Wakefield Board of Health legislates health policy within the town. The Health Director is Ruth Clay, and comprising the three-member board are: Chair - Laurel Skinder Gourville (2015) and Elaine Silva (2016). The seat held by Ann McGonigle Santos is currently vacant due to her election to the Board of Selectmen.

Board of Appeals[edit]

"Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Appeals" and "Board of Appeals of Wakefield, Massachusetts" redirect here.

The Wakefield Board of Appeals holds hearings on the second and fourth Wednesday of every month[33] and currently consists of five members, Richard O. Bayrd,[33] James H. McBain,[33] Chairman Michael L. Pierce,[33] David Hatfield,[33] and Charles Tarbell,[33] with Kimberly Hackett[33] as an alternate.

Fence Viewers[edit]

"Wakefield, Massachusetts fence viewers" and "Fence Viewers in Wakefield, Massachusetts" redirect here.

Although a somewhat antiquated position, the town of Wakefield, in accordance with other towns in the state of Massachusetts, appoints townspeople to positions of fence viewers. Fence viewers serve advisory positions to property owners before a fence is built on or dividing properties. As of November 2012, Vincent Carisella,[34] Michael Nasella,[34] and Michael Delory[34] serve as fence viewers in Wakefield.

World War II Memorial Committee[edit]

"Wakefield, Massachusetts World War II Memorial", "World War II Memorial (Wakefield, Massachusetts", "Wakefield, Massachusetts World War II Memorial Committee", and "Upper Common War Memorial (Wakefield, Massachusetts)" redirect here.

The Town of Wakefield tasked a fifteen-member committee[35] headed by Selectwoman Phyllis Hull[35] to oversee the construction of a World War II Veterans' Memorial on the Upper Common. The memorial includes the names of 72 Wakefieldians who lost their lives during World War II,[36] as well as names of all other Wakefieldians who served in the war.[36] The creation of the committee overseeing the project was authorized in 2007,[36] and the memorial was completed in 2011.

Education[edit]

"Wakefield Public Schools (Wakefield, Massachusetts)" redirects here.
Wakefield High School, as seen in December 2012.
The Nazareth Academy, as seen in December 2012.
Northeast Metro Regional Vocational School, as seen in December 2012.
Woodville Elementary School, as seen in November 2011.

Wakefield is home to three high schools: one public school (Wakefield High School), one regional vocational school (Northeast Vocational), and Nazareth Academy, a private, all-girls, Roman Catholic high school. Wakefield contains one middle school, Galvin Middle School, and five elementary schools, Greenwood, Walton, Woodville, Dolbeare, and Doyle.[37]

The Little Red School House is a former one-room school house building that was last used by kindergarten students on the West Side until the 1980s. It has been preserved and now houses the Wakefield Historical Society.

School Committee[edit]

"School Committee of Wakefield, Massachusetts" and "Wakefield, Massachusetts School Committee" redirect here.

The Wakefield School Committee oversees Wakefield Public Schools,[38] which is currently headed by superintendent Dr. Stephen K. Zrike, Jr.[28] and by interim assistant superintendent Dr. Sandra Halloran,.[28] Dr. Kimberly Smith. principal of Wakefield Memorial High School has been named as the new Assistant Superintendent, effective July, 2014. The School Committee has seven elected members:[38] Chair Anne P. Danehy (2014), Vice-Chair Christopher J. Callanan (2014), Kate Morgan (2015), Janice Cook (2015), Thomas F. Markham, III (2016), Greg Liakos (2016) and Evan Kenney (2016).[38][39]

Photo gallery[edit]

See the top of the page for additional photos.

Neighborhoods[edit]

"Greenwood, Massachusetts" redirects here.

Wakefield is roughly composed of the following neighborhoods:[40]

This commuter rail station in Wakefield bears the name of Greenwood, one of its neighborhoods.
  • Greenwood consists of nearly all of Southern Wakefield, bordering Melrose, Saugus, and Stoneham. Although a part of Wakefield, Greenwood is often labeled as a town separate from Wakefield on maps and in atlases.
  • Woodville consists of much of central-eastern Wakefield.
  • The Downtown/Wakefield Square area extends from just north of the immediate north shore of Crystal Lake to the southern shores of Lake Quannapowitt.
  • The West Side encompasses nearly all of Wakefield which is west of Lake Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake.
  • The East Side, in spite of the name, is not in extreme Eastern Wakefield. Rather, the East Side is about the geographical center of the town, bordering the northeastern shore of Crystal Lake. Woodville is in fact to the east of the "East Side".
  • Lakeside encompasses northern-central Wakefield and borders the entire eastern shore of Lake Quannapowitt. Lakeside borders Reading to the north.
  • Montrose consists of much of northeastern Wakefield, bordering Lynnfield. Many of Wakefield's smaller ponds and lakes, aside from Lake Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake, can be found in this region.

Transportation[edit]

An MBTA Commuter Rail station on the Haverhill/Reading Line is located near the center of town as well as a second station in the Greenwood section. A former Boston and Maine Railroad station located east of this line is now on the National Register of Historic Places. Several MBTA buses on Route 136 and Route 137 run to surrounding communities, including the nearby Oak Grove stop as well as Malden Center, both rapid transit stations on the Orange Line. The route 428 bus from Oaklandvale in nearby Saugus to Haymarket in downtown Boston stops on Farm Street in front of Wakefield High School; this bus route runs express to Haymarket. Rt. 128/I-95 runs through Wakefield with exits at Albion Street, North Avenue, Water Street, Vernon Street, New Salem Street, and Salem Street. State Route 129 also passes through Wakefield. US Route 1 runs through nearby Saugus and Lynnfield, while I-93 runs through neighboring Stoneham.

Media[edit]

The town is covered by two daily newspapers, the locally owned Daily Item and an edition of the Daily Times Chronicle; and by one weekly newspaper, the Wakefield Observer. The Wakefield Memorial High School also has its own newspaper, written by the students, recently renamed "WHS exPRESS". The town also has its own television station, WCAT Wakefield.

In addition, Wakefield Nation provides election coverage and supports local charitable causes.

Sports[edit]

Softball at one of Wakefield's most popular sports venues, Veterans Field — July 17, 2012.

Wakefield has a strong local sports fan base and a robust youth sports culture. Wakefield High School has popular football, baseball, softball, hockey and basketball programs. Wakefield High's football team earned a Division II "Super Bowl" title in 1999,[41] and its men's and women's basketball teams won Division II state championships in 1997.[41] Baseball is a popular spring and summer sport in the town, with two men's semiprofessional teams: the Wakefield Merchants, a member of Boston's Intercity Baseball League (and champions of that league in 1978 and 1994),[42] and a team representing the local American Legion post.

Wakefield has many active youth sports leagues. Young athletes in Wakefield can choose to play baseball, basketball, lacrosse, football, soccer, hockey, dance, and cheerleading, among other team sports. The following is a list of the volunteer organizations that maintain these leagues.

Points of interest[edit]

Annual events[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Below are some of the notable residents or people from Wakefield, Massachusetts.

Former U.S. Senator Scott Brown hails from Wakefield.
Buffy Sainte Marie spent part of her childhood in Wakefield.
  • James Massone, former contestant on season 2 of the NBC program The Voice.
  • Judge A. David Mazzone for the U.S. District Court in Boston from 1978 until 2004. He is best known for the 1985 court decision mandating the cleanup of Boston Harbor, which ultimately cost $3.8 billion and resulted in the construction of the Deer Island wastewater treatment plant. Mazzone lived in Wakefield from 1959 until his death in 2004.
  • Marcia Pankratz, member of the 1988 and 1996 Olympic field hockey team and former head coach of field hockey at the University of Michigan
  • Jimmy Pedro, multiple Olympic medalist in judo and former world champion
  • Buffy (Beverly) Sainte Marie, folksinger and composer, born in Canada but raised in Wakefield, graduating from Wakefield Memorial High School in 1958
  • Louis Sullivan, architect considered the father of modernism, born in Boston but lived in Wakefield with his grandparents during his school years
  • Richard Tisei, former Massachusetts State Senate Minority Leader and former candidate for Lt. Governor
  • John Anthony Volpe, three-time Republican governor of Massachusetts, U.S. Secretary of Transportation, and Ambassador to Italy; born in Wakefield in 1908

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As of June 2014.[2][3]
  2. ^ As of May 2013.[2][3]
  3. ^ As of April 24, 2012.[4]
  4. ^ As of April 28, 2014.[7]
  5. ^ The Wakefield Independence Day Parade was not held in 2013 after leaders of the Wakefield Independence Day Committee resigned.[43] Instead, the West Side Social Club staged a considerably smaller event called a "Home Town March" on July 4, 2013.[44] In April 2014, it was announced that the Wakefield Independence Day Committee would endeavor to stage the traditional 4th of July Parade in July 2015,[45] with another "Home Town March" organized by the West Side Social Club to take place for the intervening 4th of July 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h American FactFinder – 2010 United States Census Results for Wakefield, Massachusetts
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Board of Selectmen
  3. ^ a b c d Joshua Stockbridge (February 12, 2013). "Board of Selectmen: Encarnacao won't seek re-election". WickedLocal Wakefield/Wakefield Observer. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c One Stop Election Info: Selectman Candidates – Wakefield, MA Patch. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Wakefield, Massachusetts – Town Departments. Retrieved November 10, 2012 and March 11, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Board of Selectmen Minutes – 2013[dead link]
  7. ^ Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes — January 13, 2014 – April 28, 2014
  8. ^ a b c d Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes – September 12, 2011
  9. ^ a b c d Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes – May 23, 2011
  10. ^ a b c d Wakefield, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes – June 13, 2011
  11. ^ DHCD, Community Profiles - Wakefield, "Wakefield is situated in the Greater Boston Area...," accessed 12-1-08.
  12. ^ William J. Lee Memorial Town Hall. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  13. ^ a b Agenda – March 23, 2009 (verifies address). Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  14. ^ a b c Pleasure Island, Wakefield, Massachusetts: 1959 –1969
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ a b "Wakefield, MA Normal Temperatures and Precipitation". Retrieved Jan 15, 2011. 
  17. ^ Latest snowfall totals from Blizzard 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  18. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  20. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  21. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  22. ^ 1950 Census of Population. 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  23. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1900, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  24. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  25. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  26. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  27. ^ William Laforme (March 8, 2013). "Dr. Stephen Zrike chosen as Wakefield School Superintendent". Patch Wakefield. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 
  28. ^ a b c Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – School Department. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  29. ^ Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Veterans' Services. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  30. ^ "Town Administrator's Report Going Live" – WickedLocal. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  31. ^ John Laidler (March 23, 2014). "Board of Selectmen race is lone contest on town election ballot". The Boston Globe. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Finance Committee. Retrieved November 10, 2012 and April 30, 2014.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Board of Appeals. Retrieved November 10, 2012 and April 30, 2014.
  34. ^ a b c Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – Fence Viewers Committee. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  35. ^ a b Town of Wakefield – World War II Memorial Committee. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  36. ^ a b c Wakefield World War II Veterans Memorial. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  37. ^ Wakefield Public Schools. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  38. ^ a b c Town of Wakefield, Massachusetts – School Committee. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  39. ^ Joshua Stockbridge (May 10, 2013). "Newly elected 19-year-old School Committee member hopes to give students a voice". WickedLocal Wakefield/Wakefield Observer. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  40. ^ Wakefield Master Housing Plan, Town of Wakefield, Chapter 3, May 20, 2003
  41. ^ a b Valachovic, Adam. "Kicking Off the Holiday Gridiron Course Comes Before Turkey as Local Football Foes Continue Tradition", The Boston Globe, November 24, 2002. pg. 13.
  42. ^ Intercity League Baseball — Champions from 1960–2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013 and June 2, 2014.
  43. ^ Steven Ryan (April 26, 2013). "July 4 parade canceled this year, volunteers needed for revival". WickedLocal Wakefield/Wakefield Observer. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  44. ^ William Laforme (June 30, 2013). "Complete Schedule of Wakefield's 4th of July activities". Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  45. ^ Steven Ryan (April 2, 2014). "4th of July parade aims for 2015 return". Retrieved June 2, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

1852 map of Boston area showing South Reading, later renamed Wakefield

External links[edit]