Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park

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Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park
Map showing the location of Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park
Location Wakulla County, Florida, USA
Nearest city Tallahassee
Coordinates 30°13′58″N 84°17′32″W / 30.23278°N 84.29222°W / 30.23278; -84.29222Coordinates: 30°13′58″N 84°17′32″W / 30.23278°N 84.29222°W / 30.23278; -84.29222
Area 6,000 acres(24 km²)
Governing body Florida Department of Environmental Protection
Designated: October 1966

Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park is a Florida State Park in Wakulla County, Florida, USA. This 6,000 acre (24 km²) wildlife sanctuary, located south of Tallahassee, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and designated a National Natural Landmark. It has three nature trail systems which lead the visitor through pine forests, Bald Cypress wetlands and hardwood hammock. Hikers, bicyclists and horse riders are welcome. The wildlife found in the forest includes White-tailed deer, Wild Turkey, and many other bird species, while American Alligators, bass, gar, various snakes, and West Indian Manatee (during the winter) populate the springs, swamps, and river.

Summer divers and swimmers at Wakulla Springs.

The park draws its name from Edward Ball, the DuPont family financial manager who sold the park lands to the state of Florida and its contained Wakulla Springs, one of the world's largest and deepest first-order freshwater springs and an exit point of the Floridan Aquifer. Wakulla Springs' highest outflow has been measured at 860,000 US gallons per minute (54 m³/s). The spring's average flow is about 400,000 US gallons per minute (25 m³/s). The opening of the spring is 180 feet (55 m) down, through which cave divers, especially those of the Woodville Karst Plain Project have explored many miles of its underwater tunnels. The spring gives rise to Wakulla River which flows several miles to the south where it empties into the Gulf of Mexico.

Park Entrance turning off from 550 Wakulla Park Drive

Paleo Indians are known to have camped at the spring 12,000 years ago, where they hunted mastodons, bison and other ancient animals. The bottom of the spring bowl is littered with bones of mastodons, giant sloths, giant armadillos and camels. Glass bottom boat tours of the spring and river operate all year.

Fifty-four archaeological sites have been identified in the park. Excavation of part of the Wakulla Springs Lodge site (8WA329) found successive strata of artifacts from 20th century, Seminole, Fort Walton culture, Weeden Island culture, Norwood culture, Archaic and Paleoindian occupations.[1]

Sally Ward Spring and Cherokee Sink are located within the Park, while Leon Sinks Geological Area is nearby and part of the same karst system.

Recreational activities[edit]

The park has such amenities as birding, boat tours, cabins, hiking, horse trails, picnicking areas, snorkeling, swimming and wildlife viewing. An interpretive exhibit and concessions are also available.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jones; Tesar: 100, 109

References[edit]

External links[edit]