Waldburg Castle

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Waldburg
Waldburg Burg 2009.jpg
Waldburg Castle
Waldburg Castle is located in Baden-Württemberg
Waldburg Castle
Location within Baden-Württemberg
General information
Architectural style Fortress
Classification Kulturdenkmal (Cultural property)
Town or city Waldburg
Country Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Coordinates 47°45′32″N 09°42′43″E / 47.75889°N 9.71194°E / 47.75889; 9.71194Coordinates: 47°45′32″N 09°42′43″E / 47.75889°N 9.71194°E / 47.75889; 9.71194
Construction started around 1100
Completed in the mid-16th-century
Owner Prince Johannes zu Waldburg-Wolfegg und Waldsee[1]
Height 772 metres (2,533 ft)
Website
www.gemeinde-waldburg.de (in German)

The Waldburg (English: Forest castle) is the ancestral castle of the stewards and imperial princes of the nobility gender with the same name (House of Waldburg). It dates from the 12th century and stands on the march of the municipality Waldburg in the district of Ravensburg, applies as one of the best preserved medieval buildings, and is one of the landmarks and the highest point in Upper Swabia.[2]

Geographical situation[edit]

The hill castle on the top of the drumlin from northwest

The Waldburg is located on a natural elevation, a drumlin from the last glacial period, at 772 metres (2,533 ft) height above sea level. The raised situation with view (when suitable weather conditions) to the west up to the Hohentwiel near Singen, to the north up to the Ulm Minster, to the east far back in the Alpine foothills and southwards far into the Swiss Alps and the Lake Constance made the Waldburg to an important trigonometric point also for land surveying in the early 19th century of the ordnance survey. The steepen drumlin already offers by his very big slope angle an almost ideal military protection for a castle construction, however, complicated also the building and expansion more than seven centuries considerably.

The hill castle was very woody till the eighties of the 20th century. The view at the castle was moved again in the old condition for the public reopening in 1996 by specific deforestation in the beginning of the nineties. During the day, as well as at night with lighting, the castle is a very striking and important landmark in Upper Swabian.

History[edit]

Historical view from north-east, painting by Johann Georg Sauter, 1845.

The first foundation of the castle goes back to the 11th century. In this time the family of Waldburg received an official fief from the Guelphs. In the first half of the 13th century the castle was radically rebuilt, the palas was anew established up to the second upper floor.

Under Emperor Frederick II the Imperial Regalia were kept in the castle from 1220 to at least 1240. In 1327 the church Saint Magnus was built at feet of the castle.

At the middle of the 16th century under steward Georg IV of Waldburg the castle was developed to a residence similar like a palace. From the 17th century the castle was inhabited only sporadically by the family of Waldburg and the building activity decreased.

Present utilization[edit]

Prince Johannes zu Waldburg-Wolfegg speaks about his family's ownership of the Waldseemüller map in the Great Hall at the reception of the Thomas Jefferson Building for the opening of the Lewis and Clark exhibition.[3]

Today the Schloss accommodates a museum and is opened for sightseeing during the warm seasons from early April until late October.[1] Guided tours are held on weekends and holidays at 1:30 pm and 3:00 pm. At the top of the roof there is a vista platform with a look around as far as eye can see.[4]

The museum shows exhibits to the history of the castle from the Middle Ages on the basis of documents, paintings as well as fitments and basic commodities and to the development of the ordnance survey. The walking tour begins in the ground floor with the late Middle Ages and ends in the third upper floor with the collections of the 19th and 20th century. The Holy Lance, the Imperial Sceptre and the Imperial Orb are exhibited as replicas, since 2013 there is also presented a copy of the Imperial Crown.

A special feature of the exhibition is a Facsimile of the printed wall map of the world by German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller where the continent and the name America appeared for the first time, originally published in April 1507.[5] The Federal Republic of Germany consigned the original in 2007 to the Library of Congress in Washington, DC.[6]

The castle chapel is used for church weddings. Parts of the museum and the vaults are also available for wedding celebrations. The Burgschenke, the castle inn, is the former kitchen in the imperial castle; there are offered dishes after original recipes of the Medieval cuisine.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Christoph Freiherr Schenck zu Schweinsberg. "Waldburg Castle". Schenck's Castles & Gardens. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Max Haller. "Waldburg Castle - Ritteressen im ältesten Veranstaltungsraum" [Knight's Dinner in the eldest hosting room]. kunst, design & restaurant. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  3. ^ John R. Hébert (September 2003). "The Map That Named America". Washington, DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Waldburg Castle museum". Lindau: Lindauer Hof. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Museum on the Waldburg" (JavaScript). Internationale Bodensee Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  6. ^ Martin Waldseemüller. "Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii alioru[m]que lustrationes.". Washington, DC: Library of Congress. LCCN 2003626426. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 

External links[edit]