Waldo LaSalle Schmitt (1887–1977) was an American biologist born in Washington, D.C. He received his Ph.D. from George Washington University in 1922. In 1948, he received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of Southern California. Schmitt's primary field of zoological investigation was carcinology, with special emphasis on the decapod crustaceans (crabs, lobsters, shrimp, and so on). His bibliography consists of more than seventy titles. [2 ]
Background [ edit ]
Biological expeditions [ edit ]
Invertebrates at 85 feet, Turtle Rock, Antarctica. Photo from Schmitt's Antarctic expedition, 1962-63
1918 studying the life history of the
spiny lobster at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California. 1924–1925, was at the
Carnegie Institution's Marine Laboratory at Dry Tortugas, Florida, surveying the crustacean fauna of the area, identifying crustaceans found in the stomachs of fishes. 1925, awarded the Smithsonian's Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship "for the study of the
fauna of countries other than the United States." The scholarship enabled him to collect marine invertebrates along the east coast of South America. 1927 Schmitt was aboard
Fleurus at Deception Island 1933–1935, to the
Galápagos Islands sponsored by G. Allan Hancock of Los Angeles, California. 1937, a guest of
Huntington Hartford, he explored and collected in the West Indies on the Smithsonian-Hartford West Indies Expedition. 1938, accompanied President
Franklin D. Roosevelt as naturalist on the Presidential Cruise to Clipperton Island, Cocos, and the Galapagos Islands. 1939, member of the Hancock South America Expedition and
1940 Biologist in charge of field operations on the first
United States Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska king crab investigation. 1941–1942, on special detail with the United States Navy investigating the possibility of establishing a biological station in the Galapagos Islands.
1943, visited South America, under the auspices of the
State Department, for the purpose of strengthening relations between United States and Latin American scientists. 1955, headed the Smithsonian–Bredin
Belgian Congo Expedition. 1956–1960 led Bredin-sponsored expeditions to the
Caribbean (1956, 1958, 1959), the Society Islands (1957), and the Yucatan (1960). 1961–1962 Sponsored by a grant from the Office of Naval Research, Schmitt spent the summers of with Harry Pederson photographing the
coral reef fauna of the Bahamas Islands. 1962–1963, his last expedition - member of the Survey of the United States
Antarctic Research Program, the Staten Island cruise to Marguerite Bay and Weddell Sea.
Participation in Scientific Societies [ edit ]
Lobster lunch aboard the research vessel
, with dancers from
. Photo from Schmitt's Smithsonian-Bredin Expedition, 1956.
Founding member of the Society of Systematic Zoology and served as president in 1948.
President of the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1947.
Trustee of the Bear's Bluff Laboratories,
Trustee of the International Oceanographic Foundation
Trustee of the Serological Museum of Rutgers University.
Further reading [ edit ]
Richard E. Blackwelder (1979). The Zest for Life, or Waldo Had a Pretty Good Run: The Life of Waldo LaSalle Schmitt. Lawrence, Kansas: The Allen Press, Inc.
John Sherwood (1977-01-11). "Uncle Waldo Still Hears the Call of Crustaceans". The Washington Star.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]