Wales, Massachusetts

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For alternate meanings, see Wales (disambiguation).
Wales, Massachusetts
Town
Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts
Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°04′10″N 72°13′22″W / 42.06944°N 72.22278°W / 42.06944; -72.22278Coordinates: 42°04′10″N 72°13′22″W / 42.06944°N 72.22278°W / 42.06944; -72.22278
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Hampden
Settled 1726
Incorporated 1775
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 16.0 sq mi (41.3 km2)
 • Land 15.8 sq mi (40.8 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 949 ft (289 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,737
 • Density 110.3/sq mi (42.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01081
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-72390
GNIS feature ID 0619389

Wales is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,838 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

WalesHistoricalMarker.jpg

History[edit]

Wales was first settled in 1726 and was officially incorporated on August 23, 1775, as South Brimfield, a name it kept until February 20, 1828. The town was renamed after James Lawrence Wales, a local benefactor.[1] Initial settlers included John Bullen, and Samuel and Dorothy Munger. The next generation of Mungers became prominent in the town. Samuel (Jr.) served as a selectman and was deacon of the Baptist Church for many years. Nathaniel was one of 12 men of the district appointed as a "court of Justice and Honor to determine all controversies that may hereafter arise in said District," and was also a deacon of the Baptist Church. The "Meadow District" of Wales was originally known as "Munger's Meadow" and includes graves of early pioneers.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.0 square miles (41 km2), of which, 15.8 square miles (41 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (1 km2) of it (1.32%) is water. Wales is bounded on the west by Monson; on the south by Stafford, Connecticut and Union, Connecticut; on the east by Holland; and on the north by Brimfield.

Education[edit]

Wales Elementary School, serving grades K-6, has its own school committee, part of School Union 61. Wales students attend Tantasqua Regional Junior High School (grades 7-8) and Tantasqua Regional High School in Sturbridge. Union 61 and the Tantasqua district share administrators, including the superintendent, and both include Brimfield, Brookfield, Holland, Sturbridge and Wales.

Library[edit]

The Wales Public Library opened in 1897.[3][4] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Wales spent 1.28% ($45,480) of its budget on its public library—some $24 per person.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Wales Public Library

By the 2010 census, the population had reached 1,838.

As of the census[16] of 2000, there had been 1,737 people, 660 households, and 481 families residing in the town. The population density was 110.3 people per square mile (42.6/km²). There were 796 housing units at an average density of 50.5 per square mile (19.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.75% White, 0.52% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 660 households, out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female

Pond at Wales, Massachusetts

The median income for a household in the town was $48,906, and the median income for a family was $51,629. Males had a median income of $39,766 versus $27,557 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,267. About 1.8% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile for Wales, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  2. ^ Munger, J. B., The Munger Book: Something of the Mungers, 1639-1914, pp. 203-13, The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Co., 1915.
  3. ^ Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. v.9 (1899)
  4. ^ http://www.townofwales.net/Library.html Retrieved 2010-11-09
  5. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports. Retrieved 2010-08-04
  6. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  7. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.