Waleska, Georgia

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Waleska, Georgia
City
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°19′5″N 84°33′11″W / 34.31806°N 84.55306°W / 34.31806; -84.55306Coordinates: 34°19′5″N 84°33′11″W / 34.31806°N 84.55306°W / 34.31806; -84.55306
Country United States
State Georgia
County Cherokee
Area
 • Total 1.46 sq mi (3.79 km2)
 • Land 1.46 sq mi (3.77 km2)
 • Water 0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation 1,109 ft (338 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 644
 • Density 442/sq mi (170.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30183
Area code(s) 770/678/470
FIPS code 13-79948[1]
GNIS feature ID 0333342[2]
Website cityofwaleska.com

Waleska (/wɔːˈlɛskə/ waw-LES-kə) is a city in Cherokee County, Georgia, United States. The population was 644 at the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

The first white settlement in the Waleska area began in the early 1830s. Among these first pioneer settlers were the Reinhardt, Heard and Rhyne families, who moved into the region looking for fresh, fertile farm land. At first, these settlers lived among the Cherokee population already established in the area, but by 1838 all of the Cherokee had been forced westward to Oklahoma in the U.S. government relocation movement known as the Trail of Tears.

Early settler Lewis W. Reinhardt established a church in 1834 in the settlement known as Reinhardt Chapel and befriended many of the native Cherokee population. When the Trail of Tears forced the movement of Warluskee, the daughter of a local Cherokee chief and friend of Reinhardt's, westward, he named this settlement in her honor.

1885 Reinhardt University administration building

In 1883, Augustus M. Reinhardt, an Atlanta lawyer, former Confederate captain, and son of one of the founders of Waleska, along with his brother-in-law, former Civil War Lieutenant-Colonel John J. A. Sharp, founded Reinhardt Academy in Waleska for the impoverished children of Cherokee County. This school eventually became Reinhardt University.

The city was officially incorporated in 1889, over 50 years after the establishment of the original farming settlement.

While industry in Waleska's past has included tobacco farming, manufacturing, some mineral development, lumbering, and agriculture, which are both still active in the area, the chief "industry" of the town is and has always been Reinhardt University.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

The historic Cline Home in Waleska

Waleska is located in northwestern Cherokee County at 34°19′5″N 84°33′11″W / 34.31806°N 84.55306°W / 34.31806; -84.55306 (34.317968, -84.552951).[6] State Routes 140 and 108 intersect in the center of town. SR 140 leads southeast 7 miles (11 km) to Canton, the county seat, and west 25 miles (40 km) to Adairsville. SR 108 leads northeast 13 miles (21 km) to Tate and southwest 23 miles (37 km) to Cartersville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Waleska has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.8 km2), of which 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.51%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 616 people, 107 households, and 78 families residing in the city. The population density was 422.7 people per square mile (162.9/km²). There were 114 housing units at an average density of 78.2 per square mile (30.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.96% White, 3.90% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% of the population.

Historic home, Waleska, Ga.

There were 107 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city the population was spread out with 10.7% under the age of 18, 58.4% from 18 to 24, 14.0% from 25 to 44, 11.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 77.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,071, and the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $36,500 versus $33,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,126. About 5.5% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Reinhardt University[edit]

Reinhardt College mural in downtown Waleska

Waleska, which is 48 miles (77 km) north of Atlanta and 82 miles (132 km) southeast of Chattanooga, Tennessee, is the home of Reinhardt University. Founded in 1883, Reinhardt offers undergraduate and graduate degrees and is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. In addition to this main campus, the school has an off-campus site, Reinhardt University's North Fulton Center, located in Alpharetta, and offers select programs of study in Cartersville and Canton, Georgia, as well as online courses.

Neighboring areas[edit]

  • Lake Arrowhead, a reservoir with residential development, is 2 miles (3 km) west of Waleska (5 to 7 miles (8 to 11 km) west by car).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Waleska city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  4. ^ History of Reinhardt College by Bowling C. Yates, 1969, [Marietta?], Ga.: n.p.
  5. ^ City of Waleska website
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]