Walid Phares

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Walid Phares
Native name وليد فارس
Born December 24, 1957
Beirut, Lebanon
Residence United States
Religion Maronite
Website
www.walidphares.com

Walid Phares (Arabic: وليد فارسIPA: [waˈliːd ˈfaːres]) is an American scholar of Lebanese origins. Dr. Phares is a professor and commentator on global terrorism and Middle Eastern affairs.

Phares has testified before committees of the U.S. State, Justice, Defense and Homeland Security, the United States Congress, the European Parliament, and the United Nations Security Council. Since 2007, he has served as an expert on terrorism and the Middle East for FOX News since 2007 and was a terrorism expert for NBC from 2003 to 2006. He is an Expert for Wikistrat.[1]

Biography[edit]

Dr. Walid Phares is an American citizen of Lebanese descent who was born on December 24, 1957, grew up in Beirut, and emigrated to the United States in 1990. He holds undergraduate degrees in Law, Political Science, and Sociology from Saint Joseph University and the Lebanese University in Beirut. Following his undergraduate studies, Phares practiced law in Beirut for a period of time, then went on to obtain a Masters Degree in International Law from the Université de Lyon in France and a PhD in International Relations and Strategic Studies from the University of Miami.

Phares taught at the Department of International Relations at Florida International University (FIU) in 1992 and was a visiting professor of Comparative Politics at Florida Atlantic University (FAU) in Palm Beach County from 1993-1994. He was hired as a full-time Professor of Middle East Studies and International Relations in the Department of Political Science at FAU in 1995. While at FAU, Phares sponsored several student organizations focused on human rights including Haiti Watch, Human Rights Organization, the Latin American Student Association, and the Society for the Study of the Middle East. In 1995 he launched the Florida Society for Middle East Studies (FMES) the second-largest of its kind in the US.

Phares is a Visiting Fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy in Brussels. In 2008 he became Coordinator of the Trans-Atlantic Parliamentary Group on Counter Jihadi-Terrorism.[2]

Phares is an expert on Maronite history and affairs. He has served as Secretary General of the World Maronite Union,[3] and Secretary General of the World Lebanese Cultural Union.[4][5]

Academic Work[edit]

Phares was a visiting lecturer on the History of the Middle East and Lebanon at Saint Joseph University, Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik, and the Lebanese University from 1979 to 1989.

From 1993 to 2005, Phares taught at the Department of Political Science at Florida Atlantic University. He has been a senior lecturer at the Lifelong Learning Society since 1994. His courses include Middle East Politics, Political History, Ethnic and Religious Conflict, and International Terrorism. He has lectured throughout North America and Europe.

Since 2008, Phares has taught Global Strategies at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C.

Political Activism in Lebanon[edit]

Soon after finishing his graduate degree in Public Law, Phares joined in 1981 the "MECHRIC Committee", a federation of Middle Eastern Christian NGOs. In 1984, Phares adhered to a small political party of center-left, the "Social Democratic Christian Union" - Union Sociale Démocratique Chrétienne (USDC).[6]

In 1986, he represented the USDC in the political council of the Lebanese Forces, the umbrella organization for the Christian Resistance parties and independent personalities during the Lebanese civil war. He served as the head of External and Diaspora affairs in the Lebanese Forces during the years 1986 and 1987. In 1988 Phares revamped the USDC and was elected as Secretary General for the new Social Democratic Christian Party (PSDC). His attempts to democratize the Lebanese Forces coalition by demanding its leaders to go through a transparent electoral process put him on a collision course with the ruling warlords and led him to resign from the political council of the Lebanese Forces in March 1989. He sought to promote a pluralist and federalist system in Lebanon as the solution to the sectarian violence. His ideas on the matter are best exposed in his first publication, Pluralism in Lebanon.[7]

To this end, Phares remains an adamant supporter for dialogue with liberal Muslims [clarification needed] while rejecting religious radicalization.[8]

Writing[edit]

Books[edit]

Year Book Publisher
1979 Pluralism in Lebanon Kasleek University
1980 The Lebanese Thought and the Thesis of Arabization Dar el-Sharq Press
1981 Democratic Dialogue Manshurat el-Tagammoh
1985 Thirteen Centuries of Struggle Mashreq Editions (Beirut)
1986 The Iranian Islamic Revolution Dar el-Sharq Press
1995 Lebanese Christian Nationalism: The Rise and Fall of an Ethnic Resistance L. Rienner Publishers
1998, 2001 History of the Middle East: Trends and Benchmarks IRP University of Miami Press
2005 Future Jihad: Terrorist Strategies Against America Palgrave Macmillan
2007 The War of Ideas: Jihadism against Democracy Palgrave Macmillan
2008 The Confrontation: Winning the War against Future Jihad Palgrave Macmillan
2010 The Coming Revolution: Struggle for Freedom in the Middle East Simon & Schuster

Journals[edit]

Phares' articles have appeared in Frontpage Magazine,[9] Middle East Quarterly, Global Affairs, Journal of Middle East, South Asian Studies, The Journal of International Security Affairs and other journals.

His columns have appeared in many publications including The Jerusalem Post,[10] Family Security Matters, The Washington Times, The Wall Street Journal, World Defense Review, The Philadelphia Inquirer, The Denver Post, The Indianapolis Star, The San Diego Union-Tribune, Oregon News, the South Florida Sun-Sentinel, Detroit Free Press, the Chicago Sun-Times, San Francisco Chronicle, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, La Razon (Spain), Montréal-Matin (Montreal), al Siyassa (Kuwait), and al Nahar (Lebanon),

Documentaries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wikistrat profile on Walid Phares". Wikistrat. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Biography of Walid Phares". Trans-Atlantic Parliamentary Group on Counter Jihadi-Terrorism. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  3. ^ World Maronite Union WMU Secretariat General
  4. ^ UNSCR 1559:Calling on Syria to Pull Out From Lebanon
  5. ^ "Special Report With Brit Hume". Fox News. March 10, 2005. 
  6. ^ "Walid Phares under attack". American Thinker. 
  7. ^ "Multiculturalism is Lebanon’s identity". World Lebanese Cultural Union. 
  8. ^ Mostafa Mostafa Geha. "Walid Phares, A Hero to Muslim Liberals". Canada Free Press. 
  9. ^ FrontPageMag Columnist Dr. Walid Phares
  10. ^ JPost archives

External links[edit]