Walisinghe Harischandra

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Walisinghe Harischandra
වලිසිංහ හරිශ්චන්ද්‍ර
Brahmachari Walisingha Harischandra (1876-1913).jpg
Walisinghe Harischandra
Born 9 July 1876
Negambo, British Ceylon
Died 13 September 1913(1913-09-13) (aged 37)
Colombo, British Ceylon
Nationality Ceylonese
Other names Edward de Silva
E.de S. Walisinghe
Education St. Mary's College, Negombo
Wesley College, Colombo
Sri Lanka Law College
Known for Revival of Buddhism
Sri Lankan Independence Movement
Temperance Movement
Religion Buddhist

Brahmachari Walisinghe Harischandra (Sinhala:බ්‍රහ්මචාරී වලිසිංහ හරිශ්චන්ද්‍ර;9 July 1876 - 13 September 1913 ) was a social reformer, historian, author and revivalist of Sri Lankan Buddhism.[1] He was a follower of Anagarika Dharmapala, who gave leadership to the Buddhist revivalist movement, after the lead given by Colonel Henry Steel Olcott. Walisinghe Harischandra is also regarded as the saviour of Sri Lankan sacred city Anuradhapura.[2]

Biography[edit]

Brahmachari After taken Into the Police Custody By the Britishers In 1903.

Walisinghe Harischandra was born to the family of Walisinghe Hendrick de Silva and Pehandi Marthnanda de Silva Gunasekera in Negombo on 9 July 1876.[2] His birth name was Edward de Silva. Edward started his primary education under a Buddhist scholar monk and then attended St. Mary's College, Negombo. Later he was entrusted to a lawyer uncle in Colombo, to continue his studies in English and Law. He was a student of Wesley College, Colombo from 1889 to 1895.[3] After the school education, he attended the Law College.[2]

Edward developed a keen interest in Buddhism and gradually began working as a true nationalist, while he was a law student. He changed his name to E.de S. Walisinghe and started teaching at the Sunday Dhamma school at Ananda College, Colombo. Sri Lanka was then a British colony known as Ceylon. Young E.de S. Walisinghe gave up his legal career and adopted the name Walisinghe Harischandra.[4] He decided to be a Brahmacharya, which meant he would remain a bachelor, devoting his time to religious and national work.[3] He believed that he would be able to serve his motherland in a more meaningful manner by getting involved in nationalist and religious activities.

Walisinghe Harischandra joined the Mahabodhi Society, which had been established by Anagarika Dharmapala, a prominent figure of Sri Lankan Buddhist nationalist movement. He worked first as the assistant secretary and later as the secretary of Mahabodhi Society.[4] In 1899 he went across to India and was involved in the construction of the Maha Bodhi Vihara in Sanchi. He spent some time in India and participated in the campaign 'Save Buddhagaya'.[3]

Walisinghe Harischandra was also interested in Temperance Work and addressed many meetings of the Sri Lankan temperance society. By constantly addressing various meetings, he soon became a powerful orator. He wrote many books in the areas of Sri Lankan history and Buddhism and was also the editor of the magazine ‘Mahabodhi’. He was the prominent figure of making ancient city of Anuradhapura, a sacred city and was the founder of the Ruvanveli Dagoba Improvement Society.[4] He did a great service for the restoration of ancient Buddhist shrines in Anuradhapura and Mihintale.[2]

Walisinghe Harischandra kept a diary of daily activities making notes regularly. Among the entries towards the latter part of his life was one on 'The best die young'.[3] Walisinghe Harischandra died on 13 September 1913 after a short illness. He died at relatively young age of 37, with the satisfaction of being able to be a part of the revival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. Brahmachari Walisinghe Harischandra is regarded as a National Hero of Sri Lanka.[1][5]

Survey of writings[edit]

Walisinghe Harischandra wrote and published a considerable number of books. Most of his books were written in English and Sinhala languages. Description of the Sacred City of Anuradhapura, Great Story of King Dutugemunu, Lumbini, Mahabodhi, The Significance of Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi and Life of King Devanampiyatissa are some examples for his written work.[2] In his book The Sacred City of Anuradhapura, he included a section titled The best way to see the ruins, to guide the newcomers to the city.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b MENDIS, Jayanatha (2009-09-20). "Walisinghe Harischandra - the young revivalist". Sunday Observer. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Wijenayake, Walter. "Walisinghe Harischandra saved sacred city of Anuradhapura". The Island online. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Walisinghe Harischandra". Sunday Times Online. 16 September 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c "Restoring the sacred city of Anuradhapura". Sunday Times Online. 
  5. ^ "Museums in Sri Lanka". Lakpura travels. 

External links[edit]