Wall, Pennsylvania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wall
Borough
Main Street
Main Street
Location within Allegheny County
Location within Allegheny County
Wall is located in Pennsylvania
Wall
Wall
Location within the state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°23′36″N 79°47′16″W / 40.39333°N 79.78778°W / 40.39333; -79.78778Coordinates: 40°23′36″N 79°47′16″W / 40.39333°N 79.78778°W / 40.39333; -79.78778
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 580
 • Density 1,500/sq mi (560/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website Official site

Wall is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 580 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Wall is located at the site of a farm purchased by James Walls in 1829. The property, on the south bank of Turtle Creek, was passed to James' sons Henry and John Walls, who lived in a log cabin near the heart of present-day Wall. A station on the Pennsylvania Railroad opened in the early 1840s, which was named "Walls' Station" in honor of the Walls family. Eventually, the name of the station and the town that grew up around it was shortened to "Wall Station". Henry and John Walls sold their property to their cousin Francis Walls, also known as Frank Wall, an engineer on riverboats who developed the property around the station. Wall got its name after this Frank Wall, whose said property development led to him being the owner of the first two houses erected in the region.[2][3]

The town around Wall Station was incorporated in 1904 as Wall Borough. The borough grew rapidly during the first half of the twentieth century because a freight depot of the Pennsylvania Railroad was located at Wall. The population and economic vitality of the borough declined during the second half of the twentieth century as the railroad industry was eclipsed by the airline and trucking industries.

Channel 40, WPCB-TV, broadcasts from Wall.

Wall, along with East Mckeesport, is served by United Volunteer Fire/Rescue, formerly Wall VFD and East Mckeesport VFC #2.

Geography[edit]

Wall is located at 40°23′36″N 79°47′16″W / 40.39333°N 79.78778°W / 40.39333; -79.78778 (40.393468, -79.787692)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,962
1920 2,426 23.6%
1930 2,236 −7.8%
1940 2,098 −6.2%
1950 1,850 −11.8%
1960 1,493 −19.3%
1970 1,265 −15.3%
1980 989 −21.8%
1990 853 −13.8%
2000 727 −14.8%
2010 580 −20.2%
Est. 2012 579 −0.2%
Sources:[5][6][7][8][9]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 727 people, 324 households, and 197 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,641.0 people per square mile (637.9/km²). There were 363 housing units at an average density of 819.4 per square mile (318.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.25% White, 2.06% African American, 0.14% Asian, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.28% of the population.

There were 324 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the borough the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $26,595, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $25,500 versus $23,333 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,720. About 10.7% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.0% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Wall borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ Cushing, Thomas. A Genealogical and Biographical History of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub., 1975; p. 505
  3. ^ "Frank Wall Has A Few Words To Say About The Value Of Poor Farm Land." Pittsburg Dispatch 8 Dec. 1891 p. 2
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Number and Distribution of Inhabitants:Pennsylvania-Tennessee". Fifteenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  6. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.