Wall, South Dakota

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Wall, South Dakota
Makȟóšiča Aglágla Otȟuŋwahe
Town
Wall Drug Store
Wall Drug Store
Location in Pennington County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Pennington County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°59′30″N 102°14′27″W / 43.99167°N 102.24083°W / 43.99167; -102.24083Coordinates: 43°59′30″N 102°14′27″W / 43.99167°N 102.24083°W / 43.99167; -102.24083
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Pennington
Incorporated 1908[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 2.22 sq mi (5.75 km2)
 • Land 2.17 sq mi (5.62 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 2,825 ft (861 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 766
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 876
 • Density 353.0/sq mi (136.3/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 57790
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-68380
GNIS feature ID 1262653[5]
Website Wall, South Dakota

Wall (Lakota: Makȟóšiča Aglágla Otȟuŋwahe,[6] lit. "Town alongside the Badlands") is a town in Pennington County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 766 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The town was incorporated in 1908,[7] and was named for its location near the high wall of the Badlands National Park.[8]

The town is most famous for the Wall Drug Store, which opened as a small pharmacy in 1931 during the Depression, but eventually developed into a large roadside tourist attraction.

Geography[edit]

Wall is located at 43°59′30″N 102°14′27″W / 43.99167°N 102.24083°W / 43.99167; -102.24083 (43.991559, -102.240956).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.22 square miles (5.75 km2), of which, 2.17 square miles (5.62 km2) of it is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[2]

Wall has been assigned the ZIP code 57790 and the FIPS place code 68380.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 167
1920 224 34.1%
1930 326 45.5%
1940 500 53.4%
1950 556 11.2%
1960 629 13.1%
1970 786 25.0%
1980 770 −2.0%
1990 834 8.3%
2000 818 −1.9%
2010 766 −6.4%
Est. 2013 876 14.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 766 people, 359 households, and 212 families residing in the town. The population density was 353.0 inhabitants per square mile (136.3 /km2). There were 436 housing units at an average density of 200.9 per square mile (77.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 88.9% White, 0.1% African American, 7.0% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 359 households of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 39.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the town was 47.1 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 31.8% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 818 people, 349 households, and 212 families residing in Wall. The population density was 404.2 people per square mile (156.4/km²). There were 438 housing units at an average density of 216.4 per square mile (83.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.44% White, 0.24% African American, 6.11% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.49% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 349 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.03.

The age distribution was 25.9% under 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household was $36,563, and the median income for a family was $45,417. Males had a median income of $29,286 versus $19,821 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,848. About 5.8% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

U.S. Post office in Wall, South Dakota

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Ullrich, Jan F. (2011). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. p. 1140. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0. 
  7. ^ "Wall, South Dakota". City-Data.com. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Profile for Wall, South Dakota, SD". ePodunk. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 21, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved July 7, 2014. 

External links[edit]