Wallaceburg

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For the ship, see HMCS Wallaceburg (J336).
Wallaceburg
Unincorporated community
Wallaceburg ON.JPG
Wallaceburg is located in Ontario
Wallaceburg
Wallaceburg
Coordinates: 42°35′41″N 82°23′03″W / 42.59472°N 82.38417°W / 42.59472; -82.38417Coordinates: 42°35′41″N 82°23′03″W / 42.59472°N 82.38417°W / 42.59472; -82.38417
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Municipality Chatham-Kent
Government
 • City mayor Randy Hope
 • Governing body Chatham-Kent Municipal Council
 • MPs Bev Shipley (CPC)
Dave Van Kesteren (CPC)
 • MPPs Rick Nicholls (OPC)
Monte McNaughton (OPC)
Area[1]
 • Land 9.98 km2 (3.85 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 10,163
 • Density 1,018.2/km2 (2,637/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Forward sortation area N8A
Area code(s) 519 and 226
NTS Map 040J09
GNBC Code FDATX
Website wallaceburg.ca

Wallaceburg (2011 population 10,163) is an unincorporated community in the municipality of Chatham-Kent in Southern (Southwestern) Ontario, Canada. Originally a small settlement, it was recognized for its significant contribution to the lumber and boat building industries and strategic location along the banks of the scenic Sydenham River. In more recent years the town was known for its glass making industry. For that reason many people[who?] around the country referred to Wallaceburg as the “Glass town of Canada."

Wallaceburg is home of WAMBO (Wallaceburg Antique Motor and Boat Outing), an annual antique car, boat, bus, and fire truck show that began in 1988.

Wallaceburg history[edit]

The town was founded in the early 19th century and named after Scotland's national hero, Sir William Wallace. It was incorporated as a village in 1875 and then as a town in 1896. In 1998, it was amalgamated into the new municipality of Chatham–Kent.

The Baldoon settlement[edit]

The first settlers to the Wallaceburg area came in 1804. They initially settled along the Snye River at a location they called the Baldoon Settlement. Lord Selkirk, a Scottish Lord, provided an opportunity for poor farmers and peasants from Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland to what is now known as Wallaceburg to build better lives for themselves. He is often considered a great philanthropist for his efforts working with his poor countrymen. Unfortunately, the early Baldoon settlers faced a plethora of difficulties: malaria[citation needed], harsh winters, marshland, lack of food, and American invaders during the War of 1812. By the 1820s the settlement was deemed a failure by Lord Selkirk and other interested parties. The Baldoon settlers, however, did not give up; many of them contributed to the early success and development of the town of Wallaceburg.[2]

Census Population
1871 600
1881 1,625
1891 2,726
1901 2,763
1911 3,438
1921 4,006
1931 4,326
1941 4,986
1951 7,688
1961 7,881
1971 10,550
1981 11,506
1991 11,846
2001 11,114
2006 10,703

The Baldoon mystery[edit]

Main article: Baldoon Mystery

The Baldoon Mystery is one of Ontario's greatest haunting stories, handed down by word of mouth. The strange events of this case are alleged to have occurred between 1829 and 1840, within a few kilometers of Wallaceburg, Ontario.[3]

Industrial history[edit]

The town's first major industry was the lumber trade. It was highly successful during the mid-to-late 19th century. The most notable business that developed during this era was known as the Wallaceburg Cooperage Company. It was opened by David Alexander Gordon and his uncle Captain James Steinhoff in 1887. By the end of the 19th century it was difficult to make large profits off of a declining hardwood supply. Industrialists needed to find other business ideas to sustain the local economy.[4] When historians think of Wallaceburg they often remember its three major modern industries: glass, brass, and sugar. In 1894 the Sydenham Glass Company began. The glass making industry in Wallaceburg lasted over 100 years. The factory closed in 1999. This left approximately 1000 workers unemployed. Another notable industry was the Canadian and Dominion Sugar Company. It was opened in 1901. The company was known for producing raw sugar from sugar beets. It closed in 1960. The Wallaceburg Brass Company was the third staple industry. It opened in 1905 and was famous for creating brass faucets and plumbing supplies. The company later became known as Waltec. The factory stopped manufacturing in Wallaceburg as late as 2006.[5]

The Lee rifle prototype[edit]

Main article: John Lee (Inventor)

In 1878, James Paris Lee (1832–1904) and his brother John perfected a rifle with a box magazine in Wallaceburg.[6] This rifle later became an antecedent to the famous Lee Enfield rifle. A well trained gunman could fire approximately 15-30 shots a minute. The prototype was tested successfully in Wallaceburg and is currently housed at the Wallaceburg and District Museum.[6]

Lee Rifle Prototype 1878
Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk
David Alexander Gordon

Tourist attractions[edit]

Wallaceburg is home to a number attractions and yearly events. Tourists come to Wallaceburg to experience great fishing, hunting, golf, and pleasure boating. Fisherman enjoy a great variety of species that include, bass, walleye, perch, pike, muskie, trout, and panfish. Hunters take pleasure in searching for the area's abundant population of water fowl, deer, and rabbits. Baldoon Golf Club attracts tourists from around North America. It is an attractive and challenging 18 hole course that is located near the mysterious Baldoon Settlement. Boaters enjoy a vast array of rivers and lakes. There is still water for knee boarders and wake boarders. There is also open water nearby for those who enjoy sailing and scuba diving.

Wallaceburg Museum Glass Industry Exhibit

The Wallaceburg and District Museum documents the history of Wallaceburg starting with the area's first nations groups dating back thousands of years. It then moves to the first European settlement started by Lord Selkirk's Baldoon settlers, in 1804. However, the current major focus of the museum is on the communities rich industrial heritage. Some of the major industries highlighted include the glass, brass, and sugar industries. The museum is also home to the Wallaceburg Sports Hall of Fame and a number of other temporary and rotating exhibits.[7] Arguably the most internationally significant artifact on display is the Lee Rifle Prototype, the precursor to the Lee Enfield Rifle. The dates back to 1878 and was invented/perfected in Wallaceburg by James Paris and John Lee. The first shots of the rifle were believed to be taken at the Lee Foundry on the banks of the Sydenham River.[8]

The community also hosts a number of annual events that attract people from around North America. WAMBO is the most notable and is commented on at length below. Live theatre can be experienced at various times during the year. The Oaks Inn hosts a popular dinner theatre seasonally. The Jeanne Gordon Theatre also puts on at least two productions annually.

Wallaceburg is also only minutes from Uncle Tom's Cabin, and is within an hour's drive of Blenheim, Point Pelee National Park, and Rondeau Provincial Park.

W.A.M.B.O.[edit]

The Wallaceburg Antique Motor and Boat Outing is Wallaceburg’s largest annual summer festival and was started in 1988. It is the largest transportation show in Canada. It takes place on the second weekend in August every year. The event attracts approximately 30 000 visitors to see the antique boats, cars, motorcycles, airplanes, fire trucks, tractors, and other various antique vehicles.

In addition to antique vehicle exhibitions, WAMBO also includes a number of other significant events: A car dream cruise, soap box races, a toy show, art in the park, live bands, food vendors, art and craft vendors, pioneer crafts at the museum, camping in Crothers Park, and free admission to the Wallaceburg and District Museum.[9]

Education[edit]

School boards serving the community include: Lambton Kent District School Board, the St. Clair Catholic District School Board, the Conseil scolaire catholique Providence (CSC Providence), and the Conseil scolaire Viamonde.

Wallaceburg has six elementary schools, a large high school, and a college.[citation needed]. The public elementary schools are: A.A. Wright, and H.W. Burgess. The catholic elementary schools include: St. Elizabeth, Holy Family, and Christ the King. There is also Wallaceburg Christian School. Wallaceburg District Secondary School is the town's high school. It accommodates children from Wallaceburg and the surrounding rural communities.

Wallaceburg is also home to an affiliate campus of St. Clair College. St. Clair College is a satellite of St. Clair College of Windsor. There are two campuses located in the municipality - Thames Campus (located in Chatham) and the Wallaceburg Campus (located in Wallaceburg). More than 5,000 full-time and 12,000 part-time students attend the college each year.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Wallaceburg (1905-1989)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
16.1
(61)
29.4
(84.9)
30.6
(87.1)
33.5
(92.3)
38.3
(100.9)
38.9
(102)
40.0
(104)
37.2
(99)
30.0
(86)
26.1
(79)
18.3
(64.9)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) −1.1
(30)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.4
(41.7)
12.8
(55)
19.6
(67.3)
25.3
(77.5)
28.1
(82.6)
26.8
(80.2)
22.5
(72.5)
16.2
(61.2)
8.1
(46.6)
1.2
(34.2)
13.6
(56.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.0
(33.8)
7.5
(45.5)
13.7
(56.7)
19.4
(66.9)
22.0
(71.6)
21.0
(69.8)
17.0
(62.6)
10.9
(51.6)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
8.8
(47.8)
Average low °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.2
(36)
7.8
(46)
13.5
(56.3)
15.9
(60.6)
15.2
(59.4)
11.3
(52.3)
5.6
(42.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.1
(22.8)
3.8
(38.8)
Record low °C (°F) −30
(−22)
−30
(−22)
−22
(−8)
−12.2
(10)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.1
(34)
1.7
(35.1)
2.2
(36)
−2.2
(28)
−7.8
(18)
−15.6
(3.9)
−27.2
(−17)
−30
(−22)
Precipitation mm (inches) 43
(1.69)
50
(1.97)
59
(2.32)
75
(2.95)
81
(3.19)
71
(2.8)
63
(2.48)
74
(2.91)
71
(2.8)
60
(2.36)
61
(2.4)
51
(2.01)
759
(29.88)
Source #1: worldclimate.com (average high and low),[10] Weatherbase (precipitation only)[11]
Source #2: Environment Canada (extremes only)[12]

Healthcare[edit]

Wallaceburg and Chatham-Kent as a whole are served by the Chatham-Kent Health Alliance. The Public General Hospital and St. Joseph Hospital in Chatham were moved to a single campus in 2004, while the former Sydenham District Hospital remains in Wallaceburg. The Sydenham District Hospital was opened in 1957 after many years of lobbying. Wallaceburg is one of the few smaller communities in Ontario that has a fully functioning facility. It has an E.R., surgical department, x-ray, laboratory, and several qualified doctors and surgeons.

The E.R. remains open.

Sports[edit]

Wallaceburg is home to an assortment of amateur sports teams. The Wallaceburg Lakers are the local Junior C hockey team. The Wallaceburg Red Devils are the local Junior B lacrosse team. Other teams include the Wallaceburg Warriors, men's and women's baseball teams, and the Wallaceburg District Secondary School Tartans. In 2001, the Wallaceburg Red Devils won the Founders Cup, the national Championship for Canadian Jr. B lacrosse.

Wallaceburg was one of the stops on the historic Olympic Torch Relay (Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics) on Christmas Eve, 2009 (Day 56).

In 2011, Wallaceburg was selected to win a community grant $25,000 from TSN and Kraft Foods to refresh outdoor lacrosse fields. Many, many town members spent hours upon hours voting continuously over that 24-hour span, they even booked the local UAW hall in town, to hold a voting session. Some townspeople also had friends in Australia, England, United States South Korea voting for the town.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Wallaceburg is linked to Chatham, Blenheim, Sarnia and the Blue Water Bridge to the United States by Highway 40. It is also known as Canada's inland deep water port.[according to whom?] The Sydenham River runs through the town of Wallaceburg, and provides a water connection to Lake St. Clair and the rest of the Great Lakes water basin. The Sydenham river is dredged to a depth of approximately 20 ft.[14]

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

  • The Wallaceburg Courier Press is a local paper owned and operated by Bowes Publishers Limited. Owned by Gary O'Flynn from its debut in September 1972 to 1991. O'Flynn was a former mayor of the town (1989–1991).
  • The Wallaceburg News was a local paper owned and operated by the Osprey Media Group. The Wallaceburg News was the oldest paper in Wallaceburg. It first closed in 1996. It later reformed in 1999 as the Wallaceburg Community News. The Wallaceburg News merged with the Chatham Kent Citizen in October 2007, and closed their office.

Radio[edit]

  • CKXS-FM - Wallaceburg's only local radio station which launched on October 20, 2009. The station broadcasts at 99.1 FM with an adult contemporary format.

First Nations[edit]

Walpole Island

Walpole Island is a community in southwestern Ontario, Canada, on the border between Ontario and Michigan in the United States. It is located in the mouth of the St. Clair River on Lake St. Clair, approximately thirty miles (50 km) northeast of Detroit, Michigan, and Windsor, Ontario. It is unceded territory and is inhabited by the Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Ottawa peoples. According to one tradition, Tecumseh's grave is on the reserve there. The population at the 2001 census was 1,843. It is part of Lambton County, and adjoins the city of Chatham-Kent and the township of St. Clair. Across the St. Clair River to the west are the city of Algonac, Michigan, and Clay Township, Michigan, in the United States. Walpole Island is only minutes away from Wallaceburg. For this reason many of the children attend Wallaceburg District Secondary School.

Politics[edit]

In the November 2006 municipal election Tom McGregor and Sheldon Parsons were elected as Ward Five Chatham-Kent councillors. These two men are responsible to constituents in the Wallaceburg area. Go to Chatham-Kent Municipal Council for a list of other municipal politicians.

Previous Representatives:

  • 2003-2006 Chip Gordon and Tom McGregor
  • 2000-2003 Chip Gordon and Tom McGregor
  • 1997-2000 Chip Gordon and Jeff Wesley

Following is a partial list of Wallaceburg Mayors prior to amalgamation into Chatham-Kent:

  • 1991-1997 Jeff Wesley
  • 1989-1991 Gary O'Flynn
  • 1981-1989 Don Truan
  •  ? - ? Lou Stonehouse
  •  ? - ? Alan Cousins
  •  ? - ? Cecile Bechard

Community organizations[edit]

Wallaceburg is home to a number of strong community organizations. The list of groups include: the Wallaceburg & District Chamber of Commerce, the BIA, the Rotary, Knights of Pythias, Knights of Columbus, Royal Canadian Legion, Kinsmen, and others

The community is also home to the Wallaceburg and District Museum.

Famous people from Wallaceburg[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wallaceburg Ontario (Population Centre)". Census Profile, Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Campey, Lucille H. The Silver Chief: Lord Selkirk and the Scottish Pioneers of Belfast, Baldoon, and Red River. Toronto: Natural Heritage Books, 2003, 51-60
  3. ^ [1].
  4. ^ Mann, Alan and Frank. Settlement on The Sydenham: The Story of Wallaceburg. Wallaceburg: Standard Press, 1984, 2-4.
  5. ^ Ibid. 10-14
  6. ^ a b Chatham-Kent: Lee-Enfield Rifle
  7. ^ Wallaceburg and District Museum
  8. ^ Myszkowski, Eugene. The Remington-Lee Rifle. New York: Excalibur Publications, 1994, 11-15.
  9. ^ Wallaceburg Antique Motor and Boat Outing, WAMBO, one of Canada&#8217's foremost transportation displays of antique, classic and specialty vehicles
  10. ^ Wallaceburg Climate Data, World Climate. Retrieved 28, September 2012.
  11. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Climate Data for Wallaceburg, Ontario, Weatherbase. Retrieved 28, September 2012.
  12. ^ Canadian Climate Normals 1961-1990, Environment Canada. Retrieved 28, September 2012.
  13. ^ Kennedy, Ian (July 13, 2011). "Wallaceburg Wins Kraft Celebration Tour Bid". CKSN - Chatham-Kent Sports Network. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  14. ^ NOAA BookletChart for small boaters for the St. Clair River - NOAA Chart 14852

External links[edit]