Wallasey (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 53°25′06″N 3°04′27″W / 53.4184°N 3.0742°W / 53.4184; -3.0742

Wallasey
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Wallasey in Merseyside.
Outline map
Location of Merseyside within England.
County Merseyside
Electorate 65,732 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Angela Eagle (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Wallasey is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Angela Eagle, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers the town of Wallasey, at the north of the Wirral Peninsula, which comprises the six areas: Wallasey Village, Seacombe, Egremont, Liscard, New Brighton and Poulton, as well as Moreton and Leasowe. It is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough.

The seat has electoral wards:

History of boundaries[edit]

The Boundary Commission initially proposed the abolition in its 2005 draft review: Wallasey was to have been linked with sections of the city of Liverpool in a cross-river constituency.[2][n 3][3] The areas are linked only by a road tunnel under the river Mersey. Following opposition from political parties, local MPs and local residents, the plan was dropped.[4] The change made was the omission of a 40 electors' sub-neighbourhood from the only formerly shared ward: Hoylake and Meols which since before the 2010 election is in Wirral West.

History[edit]

The seat was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918.

Political history[edit]

The seat was a Conservative seat until 1992, with a three-year exception during World War II when represented by an ex-mayor who had been in both the Labour and Conservative parties. Increasing unemployment in the area saw the Conservative vote decline throughout the 1980s in the local and general elections, with them now holding only Moreton West and Saughall Massie and Wallasey itself on the local council, with Angela Eagle of the Labour Party gaining the national constituency in 1992, and has held it comfortably since then.

Prominent frontbenchers[edit]

Rt Hon Ernest Marples was Postmaster General while running the telephone network run by the General Post Office, Marples introduced subscriber trunk dialling, which eliminated the compulsory use of operators on national phone calls. On 2 June 1957, Marples brought in British postcodes and made the first draw for the new Premium Bonds.[5] Marples was Minister of Transport (1959-1964).

His successor to the seat was the Rt Hon Lynda Chalker Minister for Europe (1986-1989) and Minister for Overseas Development (1989-1997).

Angela Eagle was Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury for two years then Minister for Pensions and Ageing Society for a year at the close of the Brown Ministry, before becoming in opposition Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury until October 2011, when in the general Shadow Cabinet reshuffle of Ed Miliband, she succeeded the Rt Hon Hilary Benn as Shadow Leader of the House of Commons.

Constituency profile[edit]

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8% and regional average of 4.4%, at 5.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1918 Bouverie McDonald Coalition Conservative
1922 Robert Chadwick Conservative
1931 John Moore-Brabazon Conservative
1942 by-election George Reakes Independent
1945 Ernest Marples Conservative
Feb 1974 Lynda Chalker Conservative
1992 Angela Eagle Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Wallasey[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Angela Eagle 21,578 51.8 −2.7
Conservative Leah Fraser 13,071 31.4 +0.9
Liberal Democrat Steve Pitt 5,693 13.7 +0.9
UKIP Derek Snowden 1,205 2.9 +0.6
Independent Emmanuel Mwaba 107 0.3 N/A
Majority 8,507 20.4 −3.6
Turnout 41,654 63.2 +5.4
Labour hold Swing -1.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Angela Eagle 20,085 54.8 −6.0
Conservative Leah Fraser 10,976 29.9 +1.9
Liberal Democrat Joanna Pemberton 4,770 13.0 +1.8
UKIP Philip Griffiths 840 2.3 N/A
Majority 9,109 24.8
Turnout 36,671 57.5 −0.1
Labour hold Swing −4.0
General Election 2001: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Angela Eagle 22,718 60.8 −3.8
Conservative Lesley Rennie 10,442 28.0 +4.1
Liberal Democrat Peter Reisdorf 4,186 11.2 +2.9
Majority 12,276 32.8
Turnout 37,346 57.6 −16.2
Labour hold Swing −4.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Angela Eagle 30,264 64.6 +15.7
Conservative Madelaine Patricia Wilcock 11,190 23.9 −18.0
Liberal Democrat Peter Reisdorf 3,899 8.3 +0.6
Referendum Party Roger Hayes 1,490 3.2 N/A
Majority 19,074 40.7
Turnout 46,843 73.8
Labour hold Swing +16.9
General Election 1992: Wallasey[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Angela Eagle 26,531 48.9 +7.0
Conservative Lynda Chalker 22,722 41.9 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Neil Ronald Lindley Thomas 4,177 7.7 −7.9
Green Sally Victoria Davis 680 1.3 N/A
Natural Law Geoffrey Norman Walter Gay 105 0.2 N/A
Majority 3,809 7.0 +6.5
Turnout 54,215 82.6 +2.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lynda Chalker 22,791 42.5
Labour Lawrence Duffy 22,512 41.9
Social Democrat Jonathan Kent Richardson 8,363 15.6
Majority 279 0.6
Turnout 67,216 79.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lynda Chalker 22,854 46.0
Labour James Robertson 16,146 32.5
Social Democrat Jonathan Kent Richardson 10,717 21.5
Majority 6,708 13.5
Turnout 68,462 72.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lynda Chalker 26,548 49.65
Labour Hilary Hodge 21,167 39.58
Liberal Neil Thomas 5,269 9.85
National Front John Fishwick 491 0.92
Majority 5,381 10.06
Turnout 77.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lynda Chalker 23,499 43.96
Labour Gerald McNamara 21,529 40.27
Liberal Peter Tyrer 7,643 14.30
National Front John Fishwick 787 1.47
Majority 1,970 3.69
Turnout 76.27
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lynda Chalker 22,428 40.71
Labour Robert Paterson 19,936 36.18
Liberal Peter Tyrer 12,734 23.11
Majority 2,492 4.52
Turnout 79.45
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 24,283 44.99
Labour Clarence J Wells 21,172 39.22
Liberal David J Evans 5,577 10.33
Anti-Common Market John D Hill 2,946 5.46
Majority 3,111 5.76
Turnout 74.87
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 22,901 43.69
Labour Ronald G Truman 22,312 42.56
Liberal David Thomas Gruffydd Evans 7,207 13.75
Majority 589 1.12
Turnout 76.06
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 24,784 46.00
Labour Ian Levin 18,663 34.64
Liberal David Thomas Gruffydd Evans 10,432 19.36
Majority 6,121 11.36
Turnout 76.63
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 35,567 63.44
Labour Gordon Woodburn 20,501 36.56
Majority 15,066 26.87
Turnout 77.16
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 33,537 63.45
Labour WT Clements 19,319 36.55
Majority 14,218 26.90
Turnout 72.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 37,423 63.28
Labour FF Jarvis 21,718 36.72
Majority 15,705 26.56
Turnout 79.72
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 33,904 57.08
Labour JL Hindle 18,989 31.97
Liberal AW Jones 6,507 10.95
Majority 14,915 25.11
Turnout 82.47
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Wallasey

Electorate 57,113

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Ernest Marples 18,448 42.94
Independent Cllr. George Leonard Reakes 14,638 34.07
Labour T Findley 9,879 22.99
Majority 3,810 8.87
Turnout 75.23
Conservative gain from Independent Swing
Wallasey by-election, 1942

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Cllr. George Leonard Reakes 11,596 58.6
Conservative Ald. J Pennington 6,584 33.2
Independent Hon. Leonard Cripps 1,597 8.1
Majority 5,012
Turnout 34.2
Independent gain from Conservative Swing
Notes

Another general election was in normal circumstances required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: John Moore-Brabazon, Liberal: Robert Forster. Moore-Brabazon was forced to retire early in 1942 for stating publicly (in fact in the House) the Soviet Union and Germany would hopefully destroy each other at the Battle of Stalingrad.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Wallasey

Electorate 62,654

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon 27,949 67.44
Labour J Airey 13,491 32.56
Majority 14,458 34.89
Turnout 66.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Wallasey

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon 40,161 83.89
Labour John David Mack 7,712 16.11
Majority 32,449 67.78
Turnout 77.10
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Wallasey

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Robert Burton-Chadwick 21,457 46.0
Liberal Hubert Phillips 13,628 29.2
Labour John David Mack 11,544 24.8
Majority 7,829 16.8
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1924: Wallasey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Robert Burton-Chadwick 22,599
Labour 8,634
Majority 13,965
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Proposed to contain the Liverpool wards of Everton and Kirkdale and the four Wirral wards Wallasey, New Brighton, Seacombe and Liscard.
References