Walnut, California

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Walnut, California
City
City of Walnut
Street sign in Walnut
Street sign in Walnut
Location of Walnut in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Walnut in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 34°2′N 117°52′W / 34.033°N 117.867°W / 34.033; -117.867Coordinates: 34°2′N 117°52′W / 34.033°N 117.867°W / 34.033; -117.867
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) January 19, 1959[1]
Government
 • Mayor Nancy Tragarz[2]
 • Mayor Pro Tem Eric Ching[2]
 • Councilman Robert Pacheco[2]
 • Councilwoman Mary Su[2]
 • Councilman Antonio Cartagena[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 8.996 sq mi (23.300 km2)
 • Land 8.992 sq mi (23.290 km2)
 • Water 0.004 sq mi (0.010 km2)  0.04%
Elevation 561 ft (171 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,172
 • Density 3,200/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Codes 91788, 91789, 91795[4]
Area code(s) 626/909[5]
FIPS code 06-83332
GNIS feature ID 1652808
Website http://www.ci.walnut.ca.us/

Walnut is a suburban city in eastern Los Angeles County, California, United States. Its 2012 population was estimated at 29,661 by the United States Census Bureau. The name is derived from the Rancho Los Nogales Mexican land grant: nogales being the Spanish word for "walnut trees". The native California black walnut is a common tree of the San Jose Hills. The City of Walnut is a general law city incorporated on January 19, 1959. It is governed by the city council/city manager form of government. A five-member city council is elected by the residents, and a mayor is elected annually by the council to serve a twelve-month term. A city manager is appointed by the council to oversee the daily activities of the city. The city covers nearly nine square miles (23 km2) and is home to hundreds of businesses.

Money's Best Places to Live, "America's best small towns," ranked Walnut as #70 in 2009[6] and #57 in 2011,[7] the highest ranking for a Californian city both years.

Geography[edit]

Walnut is located on the southern slopes of the San Jose Hills, with West Covina to the north and west, Pomona to the east, Diamond Bar, Rowland Heights, and the City of Industry to the south, and La Puente to the west. Several small creeks (i.e. Snow Creek, Lemon Creek) run mostly to the south toward the valley of San Jose Creek, which runs west to the San Gabriel River.

History[edit]

The history of Walnut dates back to the indigenous Tongva people. Spanish missionaries who arrived in the 18th century called the indigenes Gabrieleño, because the area where they lived was controlled by the San Gabriel Mission. The Walnut area was part of the network of outlying ranches used for the grazing of cattle and sheep by the Mission.

Following secularization of the missions in the 1830s, former mission lands were divided into ranchos, and given away as land grants by the Mexican government of Alta California. In the Walnut area, the first grants were Rancho San Jose (granted to Ricardo Vejar and Ygnacio Palomares in 1837); Rancho Los Nogales (granted to Jose De La Cruz Linares in 1840); and Rancho La Puente (granted to John Rowland and William Workman in 1842). In 1868, John Rowland and William Workman divided Rancho La Puente, leaving Rowland the eastern half and Workman the western half. Rowland’s land included the western portion of Walnut and the adjacent community now called Rowland Heights. The land was used mainly for raising cattle and growing wheat, grapes, and fruit trees (mostly citrus).

In 1895, the first U.S. post office was established and given the name "Lemon". In 1908, the post office name was changed to Walnut.[8]

The City of Walnut’s Bicentennial Commission selected the construction of Lemon Creek Park and the restoration of the William R. Rowland Adobe Redwood Ranch House as Walnut’s bicentennial project. In 1872, the Lemon Creek Park area became the property of Sheriff William Rowland, who inherited the 29,000-acre (120 km2) ranch from his father, John Rowland. The modest structure built in 1883 served as the home of Mr. Meridith, ranch foreman for William Rowland. The adobe redwood ranch house is one of the few remaining original ranch style redwood and adobe structures in the area. On October 1, 1975, the State Landmark Committee placed the W.R. Rowland ranch house in the National Registry of Historical Places.

Walnut, California, is sometimes confused with the city of Walnut Creek in Northern California.

Walnut Family Festival[edit]

Walnut holds an annual "Walnut Family Festival." On the day of festival, several streets in the area (such as portions of Lemon and La Puente) are closed in the morning and a parade is held in which many local clubs and groups participate. Later in the afternoon, a fair with booths, games, food, and activities is held in Suzanne Park, adjacent to Suzanne Middle School. The Walnut Family Festival usually occurs in early or mid-October.

Mt. SAC Relays[edit]

Olympic Flame and wall of honor at Hilmer Lodge Stadium
Main article: Mt. SAC Relays

Started in 1959, the Mt. SAC Relays is an annual track and field festival held primarily at Hilmer Lodge Stadium on the Mt. San Antonio College campus. The April festival attracts many elite athletes from around the world to the city of Walnut. This meet and other elite track meets held at the stadium, including the 1968 Olympic Trials and two editions of the USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships have emblazoned the identification of "Walnut, California" in numerous national records in athletics around the world. The current world record in the 4x200 metres relay, 1:18.68, set by the Santa Monica Track Club (Michael Marsh, Leroy Burrell, Floyd Heard, Carl Lewis) was set April 17, 1994 at the Mt. SAC Relays.

The October Mt. SAC Cross Country Invitational, run in the hills surrounding the stadium, proclaims itself to be the largest Cross Country meeting in the world. Much of the same course is used as the annual CIF Southern Section championships and the western qualifier for the Foot Locker Cross Country Championships.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 934
1970 5,992 541.5%
1980 12,478 108.2%
1990 29,105 133.3%
2000 30,004 3.1%
2010 29,172 −2.8%
source:[9]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that Walnut had a population of 29,172. The population density was 3,242.8 people per square mile (1,252.0/km²). The racial makeup of Walnut was 18,567 (63.6%) Asian, 6,913 (23.7%) White (12.5% Non-Hispanic White),[11] 824 (2.8%) African American, 69 (0.2%) Native American, 28 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,750 (6.0%) from other races, and 1,021 (3.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,575 persons (19.1%).

The Census reported that 29,138 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 22 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 12 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,533 households, out of which 3,492 (40.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,298 (73.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 985 (11.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 394 (4.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 163 (1.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 26 (0.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 627 households (7.3%) were made up of individuals and 237 (2.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.41. There were 7,677 families (90.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.55.

The population was spread out with 6,088 people (20.9%) under the age of 18, 3,092 people (10.6%) aged 18 to 24, 6,089 people (20.9%) aged 25 to 44, 10,339 people (35.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,564 people (12.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

There were 8,753 housing units at an average density of 973.0 per square mile (375.7/km²), of which 7,536 (88.3%) were owner-occupied, and 997 (11.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.4%. 25,504 people (87.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,634 people (12.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Walnut had a median household income of $102,093, with 5.0% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [12]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 30,004 people, 8,260 households, and 7,582 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,340.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,290.0/km²). There were 8,395 housing units at an average density of 934.6 per square mile (360.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.75% Asian, 28.37% White, 4.20% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 7.65% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.34% of the population.

There were 8,260 households out of which 50.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 8.2% were non-families. 5.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.63 and the average family size was 3.74.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

[14] Males had a median income of $51,944 versus $36,197 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,196. About 5.8% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

The city was recognized in 1999 by CNN as a model of diversity.[15]

These were the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Asian residents, according to the 2000 census:[16]

  1. Chinatown, 70.6%
  2. Monterey Park, 61.1%
  3. Cerritos, 58.3%
  4. Walnut, 56.2%
  5. Rowland Heights, 51.7%
  6. San Gabriel, 48.9%
  7. Rosemead, 48.6%
  8. Alhambra, 47.2%
  9. San Marino, 46.8%
  10. Arcadia, 45.4%

Economy[edit]

Shea Homes, ViewSonic, and the United States divisions of the Filipino home video company Viva Video, Inc. and the Japanese card game company Bushiroad are based in Walnut.

Infrastructure[edit]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Walnut/Diamond Bar Station in Walnut.[17]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Pomona Health Center in Pomona, serving Walnut.[18]

Government[edit]

In the state legislature Walnut is located in the 29th Senate District, represented by Republican Bob Huff, and in the 55th Assembly District, represented by Republican Curt Hagman. Federally, Walnut is located in California's 39th congressional district, which is represented by Republican Ed Royce.

While the Congressional, State Senate, and State Assembly districts that Walnut is located in may have tendencies to vote for Republican candidates, over the last decade Walnut has mostly voted for Democratic presidential, gubernatorial, and senatorial candidates, with the exceptions of 2003 and 2006 when they voted for Arnold Schwarzenegger.[19] Walnut voters break down by party affiliation 63.102% Democratic and 35.598% Republican.[20] According to the results of the 2004 and the 2008 U.S. presidential elections, Walnut has a PVI of D+3.

Election Results from Statewide Races
Year Office Results
2012 President Obama 51.1 - 47.2%[21]
Senator Feinstein 62.5 - 37.5%[22]
2010 Governor Brown 53.1 - 41.7%[23]
Senator Boxer 52.1 - 42.3%[24]
2008 President Obama 56.2 - 42.0%[25]
2006 Governor Schwarzenegger 60.3 - 36.1%[26]
Senator Feinstein 58.6 - 37.5%[citation needed]
2004 President Kerry 51.1 - 48.0%[27]
Senator Boxer 57.6 - 38.2%[28]
2003 Recall Yes 64.0 - 36.0%[29]
Schwarzenegger 60.1 - 24.2%[30]
2002 Governor Davis 47.5 - 45.9%[31]
2000 President Gore 53.4 - 43.6%[32]
Senator Feinstein 55.1 - 38.1%[33]
1998 Governor Davis 47.5 - 45.9%[34]
Senator Fong 51.2 - 45.7%[35]
1996 President Clinton 50.0 - 40.1%[36]
1994 Governor Wilson 57.6 - 38.9%[37]
Senator Huffington 50.4 - 40.8%[37]

Education[edit]

Primary education in Walnut is generally served by the prestigious Walnut Valley Unified School District (WVUSD), which also serves parts of the city of Diamond Bar. Schools located in and around Walnut include:

Portions of the western side of Walnut are also served by the Rowland Unified School District.

In addition, Mt. San Antonio College, one of the California Community Colleges, is also located in Walnut near its border with Pomona.

Proposed NFL Stadium[edit]

Main article: Los Angeles Stadium

In April 2008, billionaire-land developer and co-owner of the Los Angeles Lakers and Kings, Edward P. Roski, unveiled plans for the construction of an $800 million NFL stadium in the neighboring City of Industry.[40] In March 2009, Walnut filed a lawsuit opposing construction of the stadium, but dropped those charges in September.[41][42]

On October 23, 2009, California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed a bill allowing the 75,000-seat stadium to be built in neighboring Industry in hopes of attracting an NFL team there.[43] This bill would also nullify a lawsuit filed by local residents over the project's environmental impact report.

Notable people[edit]

Surrounding cities and communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "City of Walnut - City Council". Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ "Best Places to Live 2009". CNN. 
  7. ^ "Best Places to Live 2011". CNN. 
  8. ^ Gudde, Erwin G. (1969). California Place Names. Berkeley: UC Press. p. 176. ISBN 0520015746. 
  9. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Walnut city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0683332.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0683332.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ Walnut city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder
  15. ^ Moret, Jim (December 17, 1999). "California town hailed as model of diversity". Walnut, California: CNN. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  16. ^ "Asian", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  17. ^ "Walnut/Diamond Bar Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  18. ^ "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  19. ^ Data compiled and calculated based on election results from "Political Districts within Counties" results for Walnut [1], All percentages are rounded to nearest tenth place
  20. ^ Best Places to Live in Walnut, California
  21. ^ "Election results". Huffington Post. 
  22. ^ http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/2012/senate/ca/california_senate_emken_vs_feinstein-3220.html
  23. ^ http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/2010/governor/ca/california_governor_whitman_vs_brown-1113.html
  24. ^ http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/2010/senate/ca/california_senate_boxer_vs_fiorina-1094.html
  25. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2008_general/ssov/5-pres-by-political-districts.pdf
  26. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2006_general/ssov/gov_by_all.pdf
  27. ^ pres_general_ssov_for_all.xls
  28. ^ us_senate_ssov_for_all.xls
  29. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2003_special/ssov/recall_ques_pol_dis.pdf
  30. ^ gov ssov alpha for all a-z.xls
  31. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2002_general/ssov/gov_pol_dis.pdf
  32. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2000_general/ssov/pol_dis.pdf
  33. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2000_general/ssov/us_senate_pol_dis.pdf
  34. ^ http://vote98.sos.ca.gov/Final/ssov/gov-ps.pdf
  35. ^ http://vote98.sos.ca.gov/Final/ssov/sen-ps.pdf
  36. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/1996-general/1996-general-ssov.pdf
  37. ^ a b http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/1994-general/1994-general-ssov.pdf
  38. ^ South Pointe Middle
  39. ^ Ron Hockwalt Academies
  40. ^ "NFL stadium set for industry". Retrieved 2009-08-23. 
  41. ^ "Walnut files Lawsuit over NFL Stadium". Retrieved 2009-08-23. 
  42. ^ "Plan for NFL site in City of Industry clears major legal hurdle". Los Angeles Times. 2009-09-24. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  43. ^ Governor approves LA-area football stadium waiver

External links[edit]