Walpole Island Indian Reserve No. 46

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For other uses, see Walpole Island (disambiguation).
Walpole Island
Bkejwanong
Indian Reserve
Walpole Island 46
Governance building
Governance building
Walpole Island is located in Ontario
Walpole Island
Walpole Island
Coordinates: 42°33′N 82°29′W / 42.550°N 82.483°W / 42.550; -82.483Coordinates: 42°33′N 82°29′W / 42.550°N 82.483°W / 42.550; -82.483
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Lambton
Government
 • Chief Dan Miskokomon
 • Federal riding Lambton—Kent—Middlesex
 • Prov. riding Lambton—Kent—Middlesex
Area[1]
 • Land 137.28 km2 (53.00 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 1,878
 • Density 13.7/km2 (35/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 519 and 226

Walpole Island is an island and Indian reserve in southwestern Ontario, Canada, on the border between Ontario and Michigan in the United States. It is located in the mouth of the St. Clair River on Lake St. Clair, approximately thirty miles (50 km) northeast of Detroit, Michigan, and Windsor, Ontario.

In addition to Walpole Island, the reserve includes Squirrel, St. Anne, Seaway, Bassett, and Potawatomi islands. It is unceded territory and is inhabited by the Ojibwe, Potawatomi, and Odawa peoples of the Walpole Island First Nation, who call it Bkejwanong, meaning "where the waters divide."[2]

It is within the geographic region of Lambton County but independent of the county, and adjoins the municipality of Chatham-Kent and the township of St. Clair. Across the St. Clair River to the west are the United States city of Algonac, Michigan, and Clay Township. Harsen's Island, also unceded Anishinaabe territory, is now on the west side of the international border line. The border was redrawn in the 19th century following disputes between Great Britain and the United States; their governments were oblivious to the interests and rights of the Indigenous peoples living on and using these lands. Walpole Island is known as the resting place of Tecumseh, prominent 19th-century leader of the Native American people called the Shawnee.

Demographics[edit]

As of January 2011, the registered population of the Walpole Island First Nation is 4315 members, of whom 2213 live on the reserve, 22 live on another reserve, and 2080 live off reserve.[3]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1991 1,370 —    
1996 1,525 +11.3%
2001 1,843 +20.9%
2006 1,878 +1.9%
[6]2011 population unavailable.

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Walpole Island 46 community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  2. ^ Walpole Island Heritage Centre - About nin.da.waab.jig
  3. ^ "Walpole Island Registered Population", Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - First Nation Profiles
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census