Walpole Island Indian Reserve No. 46

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Walpole Island
Indian Reserve
Walpole Island 46
Governance building
Governance building
Walpole Island is located in Ontario
Walpole Island
Walpole Island
Coordinates: 42°33′N 82°29′W / 42.550°N 82.483°W / 42.550; -82.483Coordinates: 42°33′N 82°29′W / 42.550°N 82.483°W / 42.550; -82.483
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Lambton
 • Chief Dan Miskokomon
 • Federal riding Lambton—Kent—Middlesex
 • Prov. riding Lambton—Kent—Middlesex
 • Land 137.28 km2 (53.00 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 1,878
 • Density 13.7/km2 (35/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 519 and 226

Walpole Island is an island and Indian reserve in southwestern Ontario, Canada, on the border between Ontario and Michigan in the United States. It is located in the mouth of the St. Clair River on Lake St. Clair, approximately thirty miles (50 km) northeast of Detroit, Michigan, and Windsor, Ontario.

In addition to Walpole Island itself, the reserve also includes Squirrel, St. Anne, Seaway, Bassett, and Potawatomi Islands. It is unceded territory and is inhabited by the Ojibwe, Potawatomi, and Odawa peoples of the Walpole Island First Nation, who call it Bkejwanong, meaning "where the waters divide."[2]

It is part of Lambton County, and adjoins the municipality of Chatham-Kent and the township of St. Clair. Across the St. Clair River to the west are the city of Algonac, Michigan, and Clay Township, Michigan, as well as Harsen's Island, also unceded Anishinaabe territory, now on the west side of the international border line after it was redrawn following disputes between Great Britain and the United States, oblivious to interests and rights of the Indigenous Peoples living on and using this land. It is the land that is the resting place of Tecumseh (Leader of the Native American People called Shawnee).


As of January 2011, the registered population of the Walpole Island First Nation is 4315 members, of whom 2213 live on the reserve, 22 live on another reserve, and 2080 live off reserve.[3]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 1,370 —    
1996 1,525 +11.3%
2001 1,843 +20.9%
2006 1,878 +1.9%
[6]2011 population unavailable.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Walpole Island 46 community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  2. ^ Walpole Island Heritage Centre - About nin.da.waab.jig
  3. ^ Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - First Nation Profiles: Walpole Island Registered Population
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census