Walsall North (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Walsall North in West Midlands.
Location of West Midlands within England.
|Electorate||65,468 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Willenhall, Bloxwich and Walsall (part)|
|Member of Parliament||David Winnick (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
From 1983 until before the 1997 election the seat had the same electoral wards as at present namely:
- Birchills Leamore, Blakenall, Bloxwich East, Bloxwich West, Short Heath, Willenhall North, and Willenhall South
History of boundaries
The Boundary Commission's fourth Periodic review of Westminster Constituencies that Parliament accepted for 1997 left the seat with a variation on the above which lasted throughout the 2001 and 2005 elections, this had the following alterations: none of Willenhall South was included and only very minor parts of the first two wards were included: instead, major parts of Bentley and Darlaston North, Darlaston South, Pleck and, St Matthew's were included.
The Walsall North constituency was first established in 1955 from Walsall constituency. Its first Member of Parliament was W.T. Wells of the Labour Party, who had previously been MP for Walsall. In 1974 he was succeeded by the controversial John Stonehouse (also Labour), the former Postmaster General who became infamous for faking his own death and was later jailed for fraud. After resigning from the Labour Party in April 1976, he was invited to join the English National Party, becoming their first (and only) MP, before being forced to resign as an MP in August 1976. The ensuing by-election was won by Robin Hodgson, a Conservative.
- Political history
Together with the arguably marginal majority in 1983 of 5.8%, all the other substantial wins until 2010 indicated a safe seat for Labour, who gained 58.1% of the votes at their peak in 2001. However in 2010 Walsall North seems to have become a marginal seat whereby Labour only narrowly managed to fend off a challenge from the Conservatives, with a majority of 2.7% of the vote.
- Other parties
Unusually, since the 2005 general election (inclusive) the BNP have managed to retain a general election deposit by polling more than 5% of the vote. The last time this percentage was reached by a candidate in other than the top three parties was in 1976.
Just below the 5% threshold, in 2010 UKIP managed to achieve their best result to date, at 4.8% of the vote.
The constituency is in the heart of an area traditionally focussed on manufacturing, see Walsall, which retains many mechanical and engineering jobs in its economy.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, not the highest in the region which was Birmingham Ladywood at 11.1% but also significantly higher than the average for the region, 4.7%.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||John Stonehouse||Labour Co-operative|
|1976 by-election||Robin Hodgson||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Walsall North|
|Liberal Democrat||Nadia Fazal||4,754||13.1||+0.8|
|Democratic Labour||Peter Smith||842||2.3||±|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Walsall North|
|Liberal Democrat||Douglas Taylor||4,144||12.4||+3.4|
|Democratic Labour||Peter Smith||770||2.3||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Walsall North|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Heap||2,923||9.0||-0.3|
|Socialist Alliance||David Church||410||1.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Walsall North.|
|Liberal Democrat||T O'Brien||4,050||9.35|
|Referendum Party||D Bennett||1,430||3.3|
|National Front||Alan Humphries||465||1.07|
|General Election 1992: Walsall North|
|Liberal Democrat||AR Powis||6,629||12.7||−5.7|
|National Front||KA Reynolds||614||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Walsall North|
|General Election 1983: Walsall North|
Elections in the 1970s
|United Kingdom general election, 1979: Walsall North|
|National Front||C Parker||1,098||2.1|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Walsall North, 1976|
|National Front||Joseph Parker||2,724||7.28||N/A|
|Socialist Workers||James McCallum||574||1.53||N/A|
|National Party||Marian Powell||258||0.69||N/A|
|Air, Road, Public Safety, White Resident||Bill Boaks||30||0.08||N/A|
|Conservative gain from English National||Swing|
|United Kingdom general election, October 1974: Walsall North|
|United Kingdom general election, February 1974: Walsall North|
|United Kingdom general election, 1970: Walsall North|
Elections in the 1960s
|United Kingdom general election, 1966: Walsall North|
|United Kingdom general election, 1964: Walsall North|
Elections in the 1950s
|United Kingdom general election, 1959: Walsall North|
|United Kingdom general election, 1955: Walsall North|
|Liberal National||FM Roberts||15,970||37.5|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The others being: Walsall South and Aldridge-Brownhills
- This party merged in the 1960s with the Conservative Party
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Crewe, Ivor (1983). British Parliamentary Constituencies - a statistical compendium. faber and faber. ISBN 0-571-13236-7.
- Review area - Walsall Boundary Commission for England
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1979. Politics Resources. 28 May 1979. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1979. Politics Resources. 10 October 1974. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1979. Politics Resources. 28 February 1974. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1970. Politics Resources. 18 June 1970. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1966. Politics Resources. 31 March 1966. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1966. Politics Resources. 15 October 1964. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1959. Politics Resources. 8 October 1959. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1955. Politics Resources. 26 May 1955. Retrieved 2013-01-17.