Walsoken

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 52°40′19″N 0°11′22″E / 52.67193°N 0.18939°E / 52.67193; 0.18939

Walsoken
All Saints, Walsoken, Norfolk - geograph.org.uk - 321038.jpg
Parish church of All Saint, Walsoken, Norfolk
Walsoken is located in Norfolk
Walsoken
Walsoken
 Walsoken shown within Norfolk
Area  12.57 km2 (4.85 sq mi)
Population 1,484 (parish, 2001 census)
    - Density  118 /km2 (310 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TF4710
    - London  103 miles (166 km) 
Civil parish Walsoken
District King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WISBECH
Postcode district PE14
Dialling code 01945
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Walsoken is a village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.[1] The village is 56 miles (90 km) west of Norwich, 13.4 miles (21.6 km) west-south-west of King's Lynn and 103 miles (166 km) north of London. The nearest town is Wisbech which is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east-north-east of the village. The Village straddles the route of the B198 which was the old A47 renumbered in 1984 with the opening of the Wisbech bypass.[2] The nearest railway station is at Downham Market for the Fen Line which runs between King's Lynn and Cambridge. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. The parish of Walsoken in the 2001 census, has a population of 1,484. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of King's Lynn and West Norfolk.

Description[edit]

The village and parish of Walsoken is situated in the west of Norfolk on the border with Cambridgeshire. The village is now a suburb of the fenland town of Wisbech and much of its ancient character and historic core have been lost under modern housing. The parish is south of West Walton, north of Emneth and west of Marshland St James. The name Walsoken is thought to originate from the Old English meaning the district under particular jurisdiction by the wall[3] which refers to the villages proximity to a Roman sea wall or defence.

History[edit]

Roman Settlement[edit]

Archaeological evidence has found that much of the land of Walsoken of pre-Roman occupation was completely submerged beneath the Iron Age silts. As such, very little early prehistoric archaeology has been recorded. It is thought that some dry land existed within the parish in the Bronze Age as several artefacts from that time period were uncovered in the 19th century. There has been a lot more archaeological evidence found to attest to Roman occupation in the parish, including A dispersed hoard of 300 to 400 Roman coins, mostly of Postumus, but including examples minted by Gallienus and Hostilian which were found via metal detecting in the 1980s.

Norman period[edit]

Walsoken was established by the time of the Norman Conquest. The villages population, land ownership and productive resources were detailed in its entry in the Domesday Book of 1085.[4] In the great book Walsoken is recorded by the name Walsocam. The parish was held by the Benedictine Order based at Ramsey Abbey before and after 1066. the survey also records the presence of a fishery.

Prominent Buildings[edit]

All Saints Parish Church[edit]

All Saints' Church in Walsoken is a Grade 1 Listed Building and consists of a nave with south and north aisles, chancel with south and north chapels, south porch The nave and chancel are both late Norman and date from c.1146.[5] Above the chancel arch is a 15th-century carving of King David with harp. This church is crowned by a prominent west tower with four turrets and a spire which dates from the medieval period.[6] To the base of the tower is the rounded Norman west doorway. The interior of the church has massive Norman arcades which are rich with zigzag moulding decoration. An arch in the chancel is supported on carved banded shafts. On one side is the 15th-century doorway to the old rood loft. The nave roof has painted angels and other figures in delicately canopied niches. There are 15th-century[5] screens in both aisles, one with most intricate tracery, stalls with carved heads, battered figures on old benches, and over the tower arch two paintings of the judgement of Solomon with a statue of a king enthroned between them. The Seven Sacrament font is 400 years plus old.[6] This pre-Reformation font is decorated with sculptures of the crucifixion and seven sacraments (these are; Baptism, Confession, Confirmation, Last Rites, Mass, Matrimony and Ordination), eight saints under rich canopies (these are; Catherine, Paul, John, Magdala, Steven, Margaret, Peter and Dorothea), and round the base this inscription to those friends of the church who gave it: "Remember the souls of S. Honyter and Margaret his wife, and John Benforth, Chaplain 1544".[6] One child baptised at this font grew up to be arch bishop of Canterbury. He was the Rector's boy, Thomas Herring, who became Archbishop in 1747,[6] and a little while before he died put a tablet in the chancel here "in grateful memory of his excellent parents". He was a man of immense enthusiasm and full of generosity. There are several later window insertions throughout. The churches' bell tower has six bells made by Thomas Osborn in Downham Market in 1795. Originally the bells were hung in a frame adjacent to the louvres in the tower. The bells were restored and re-hung in 1901 by the children of Richard Young M.P. for North Cambridgeshire and further work was undertaken in 1956 when the bells were re-hung in a lower position in the tower in an eight bell metal frame. This was to allow for the future provision of two additional bells which has not to date been achieved.

Church Gallery[edit]

Media related to Walsoken at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer Map 235(2006) – Wisbech & Peterborough North, Market Deeping & Crowland. ISBN 0-319-23807-5
  2. ^ County A to Z Atlas, Street & Road maps Norfolk, page 230 ISBN 978-1-84348-614-5
  3. ^ A Popular Guide to Norfolk Place-names: by James Rye: Published by Larks press, Dereham, Norfolk, 2000 ; ISBN 0-948400-15-3
  4. ^ The Domesday Book, Englands Heritage, Then and Now, Editor: Thomas Hinde,Norfolk page 196, Walsoken, ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  5. ^ a b Norfolk 2: Norfolk: North-west and South, By Nikolaus Pevsner and Bill Wilson, Walsoken entry. 0-300-09657-7
  6. ^ a b c d The King's England series, NORFOLK, by Arthur Mee,Pub:Hodder and Stoughton,1972, page 323/324, Walsoken, ISBN 0-340-15061-0