Disney Interactive

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Disney Interactive
Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Industry Video game industry
Internet Information Providers
Founded 1999[1]
Headquarters Glendale, California[2], United States
Number of locations
12[1]
Key people
James Pitaro, President[3]
Products Video games
websites
Revenue US$982 million[4]
$308 million loss (2011)[4]
Number of employees
2,000 (March 2014)[5]
Parent The Walt Disney Company
Divisions Disney Interactive Studios
Disney Online
Disney Mobile
Playdom
Disney Online Studios
Website disneyinteractive.com
Disney Interactive headquarters in Glendale

Disney Interactive formerly known as Disney Interactive Media Group and Walt Disney Internet Group, oversees various websites and interactive media owned by The Walt Disney Company and its subsidiaries.[1]

History[edit]

In December 1994, Disney announced that it was establishing a new division dedicated to publishing computer and video game console software, called Disney Interactive.[6] The initial staff consisted of 200 newly hired employees.[6] On Aug 23, 1995, Disney Interactive formed Disney Online unit.[7]

Buena Vista Internet Group[edit]

Disney purchased a one-third share of Starwave on April 3, 1997, for $100 million.[8] Disney on January 1998 registered go.com.[9] Exercising its options, Disney purchased the outstanding shares of Starwave from Paul Allen in April 1998.[10] In June 1998, Disney purchased 43% ownership of Infoseek in exchange for Starwave and $70 million.[11] Infoseek and Disney Online joint ventured in developing the Go Network, an internet portal.[12] With Disney's purchase of the remainder of Infoseek in July 1999, the Go Network, Infoseek, the Disney Catalog, Disney Online (Disney.com and DisneyStore.com), ABC News Internet Ventures and ESPN Internet Ventures and Buena Vista Internet Group are merged into the Go.com company.[13]

The Go.com portal was shut down in 2001 at a cost of $878 million in charges.[14]

In 2004, Disney re-activated the Starwave identity as Starwave Mobile, which publishes casual games for mobile phones for non-Disney brands with in Disney conglomerate or from third party.[15] In December 2004 and partnered with Indiagames, the Walt Disney Internet Group released Disney games, wallpapers and ringtones in the Indian market which is also available on AirTel.[16]

The group in November 2005 purchased Living Mobile, a European mobile game developer and publisher.[17]

Interactive Media Group[edit]

On June 5, 2008, Disney Interactive Studios and the Walt Disney Internet Group, merged into a single business unit now known as the Disney Interactive Media Group.[18] In 2009, DIMG's Disney Online unit purchased from Kaboose multiple websites.[19]

In July 2010, Disney Interactive purchased Playdom for $563.2 million[20] and Tapulous for its Mobile division.[4] On July 1, Disney Interactive announced it had acquired Tapulous, the studio behind the Tap Tap Revenge franchise for iOS.[21] In October, two co-presidents were named for DIMG, John Pleasants and James Pitaro, with orders to make the company profitable.[22]

In January 2011, DIMG closed its Propaganda Games game studio and laid off another 200 later in the month. The dual presidents place the game studios of Blackrock, Junction Point, Avalanche, Wideload and Gamestar under its new game development chief Alex Seropian while Penguin creator Lane Merrifield was assigne to game initiatives for kids and families while a new publishing unit to handle marketing and production.[22] On February 18, DIMG purchased Togetherville, a pre-teen social network.[23] Also in February, Disney purchased Finland based, Rocket Pack, a game development company with a plugin free game development system.[24] In November, DIMG purchased Babble Media Inc.[25]

In April 2012, the Group announced three web series targeted towards mothers: "Moms of", "That's Fresh", and "Thinking Up."[26] By October, DIMG had 15 consecutive quarters of losses totaling some $977 million.[14] Lane Merrifield, the founder of Club Penguin, resigned after conflict with Pleasants. DIMG also in October announced "Toy Box", a cross platform gaming initiative where Pixar and Disney characters will interact from a console game to multiple mobile and online applications.[14]

Disney Interactive[edit]

In May 2012, Disney Interactive Media Group changed its name to Disney Interactive (DI).[citation needed]

In January 2013, Disney Interactive Games' Avalanche Software unveiled the Toy Box cross platform game as "Disney Infinity" based on Toy Story 3 game's "Toy Box" mode crossed with a toy line.[27] Also in January, Disney Interactive announced the closure of Junction Point Studios.[28]

In October 2013, Disney announced it Interactive division had a profit for its September Quarter of $16 million based partly on sale of Disney Infinity and uniting both halves of the division under one president.[3]

In March 2014, Disney Interactive announced it was laying off 700 people, or one-fourth of its staff as DI combines its two game units, mobile and social due to sagging popularity of Facebook games, and closing some Disney Online sites. They said will focus less on advertising and more on sponsorships for Disney Online and licensed game development. While some endeavors have shown profitability, such as an app in Japan and the combined game and toy line Infinity, the segment as a whole is unprofitable for Disney.[5]

Units[edit]

Disney Online[edit]

Disney Online
Subsidiary
Industry Internet
Founded August 23, 1995
Headquarters United States
Products websites
Parent Disney Interactive
Divisions
  • Kerpoof Studios
  • Disney Family Network
  • DigiSynd
  • Take180

Disney Online is a division of Disney Interactive that operates most of Disney online portfolio.

Disney Online History[edit]

On Aug 23, 1995, Disney Interactive formed Disney Online unit with the naming of Jake Winebaum as president of Disney Online.[7] On November 19, 1996, the opening of DisneyStore.com was open under Disney Online business unit. The family.com website is launched on December 9, 1996.[30]

Disney announced on April 18, 1997 that it will purchase Starwave's Family Planet Web site and merge it with Family.com.[31] The Disney Daily Blast (dailyblast.com) web site is official launched on April 23 under a subscription plan and daily content targeted to younger viewers.[31][32]

In July 1998, Disney Online announced dig.com, Disney Internet Guide, a child friendly web directory[33] which is launched in June 1998[34] and closed one year later in June to focus on Infoseek/Go Network.[35]

In late 2007, DIMG purchased IParenting Media's websites.[25] Disney sold movies.com to Fandango in June 2008.[36] Disney Online purchased in 2008 Take 180 from Chris Williams, who stays on until April 2012 as vice president & general manager of Disney Online Originals, which has Take 180 as creative hub.[37] In 2009, DIMG's Disney Online unit purchased from Kaboose multiple websites including: Kaboose.com, Babyzone.com, AmazingMoms.com, Funschool.com and Zeeks.com, and place them into its Disney Family Network.[19][2] Disney.com purchased Kerpoof in February 2009.[38]

In November 2011, DIMG purchased Babble Media Inc. to add it to the Mom and Family Portfolio.[25] In March 2014, Disney Interactive announced it was laying off 700 people, or one-fourth of its staff as DI closed smaller Disney Online sites including BabyZone.com and Spoonful.com. They said will focus less on advertising and more on sponsorships for Disney Online to fit the experience Disney wishes to offer.[5]

Online units[edit]

  • disney.com
  • Disney Family Network websites[2] - also called Mom and Family Portfolio
    • AmazingMoms.com[19]
    • DisneyFamily.com
    • Babble.com, mother bloggers site[25]
    • Babyzone.com (closed)[5]
    • FamilyFun.com
    • Funschool.com[19]
    • iParenting.com[25]
    • Kaboose.com
    • ParentZone.com
    • Spoonful.com (closed)[5]
    • Zeeks.com[19]
  • DigiSynd, social media marketing
  • Take180 -Disney's YouTube channel[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Company Overview of Disney Interactive". Private Company Information. business Week. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Disney Online Company Profile". Yahoo/Hoover. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Richwine, Lisa. (November 11, 2013) REFILE-UPDATE 2-Disney games co-president named consultant as unit consolidates. Reuters. Accessed on November 15, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d Goldman Getzler, Wendy (February 1, 2012). "Disney Mobile raises the bar". kidscreen.com. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Barnes, Brooks (March 6, 2014). "Disney’s Game and Internet Division Cuts One-Quarter of Its Work Force". The New York Times. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Disney Rides Solo". GamePro (IDG) (68): 154. March 1995. 
  7. ^ a b "WINEBAUM NAMED PRESIDENT OF NEW DISNEY ONLINE UNIT". PR Newswire. Disney. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Volume 146, Number 50752.". New York Times. April 4, 1997. p. C4. 
  9. ^ Polsson, Ken. "1998". Chronology of the Walt Disney Company. kpolsson.com. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  source: CNet News.com, http://archive.is/20130102120941/http://www.news.cnet.com/
  10. ^ Pelline, Jeff; Dawn Kawamoto (April 30, 1998). "Disney to buy Starwave". CNET News. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Tedesco, Richard (June 22, 1998). "Disney stakes big 'Net claim with Infoseek". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  12. ^ Tedesco, Richard (December 14, 1998). "Disney, Infoseek give green light". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "Disney absorbs Infoseek". Money. CNNfn. July 12, 1999. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c Barnes, Brooks (October 21, 2012). "Disney, Struggling to Find Its Digital Footing, Overhauls Disney.com". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  15. ^ "New Disney Group To Offer Third-Party Mobile Content". The Online Reporter. October 30, 2004. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  16. ^ Bhattacharjee, Manisha (April 25, 2005). "Disney's Eisner, Iger in India; to meet PM & President". Indiantelevision.com. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Walt Disney Internet Group expands European mobile content operations; acquires Living Mobile". Indiantelevision.com. 8 November 2005. Retrieved March 3, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Disney's games and internet divisions merging", Joystiq.com, 2008.
  19. ^ a b c d e "Disney Online Buys Kaboose Assets For $18.4 Million, Barclays Private Equity Limited Acquires Its UK Operations". TechCrunch.com. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  20. ^ a b Chmielewski, Dawn C. (July 28, 2010). "Disney to buy Playdom Inc. for $563.2 million". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  21. ^ "Disney acquires Tapulous" from Techcrunch.com
  22. ^ a b Chmielewski, Dawn C. (January 26, 2011). "Disney Interactive lays off 200 as video game unit shifts focus". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  23. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn C. (February 25, 2011). "Disney buys social networking site Togetherville". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  24. ^ a b Butcher, Mike (March 3, 2011). "Disney acquires gaming engine startup to build HTML5 games outside of App stores". TechCrunch.com. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c d e Chmielewski, Dawn C. (November 15, 2011). "Disney buys parenting website Babble". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  26. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn C. (April 27, 2012). "Disney Interactive targets moms with original series". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  27. ^ Lang, Derrik J. (January 15, 2013). "Disney unveils own 'Skylanders'-like franchise". Business Week. AP. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  28. ^ Lang, Derrik J. (January 29, 2013). "Disney closing ‘Epic Mickey’ video game developer". Washington Times. AP. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "About Us". Disney Interactive Media Group Press Room. Disney. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  30. ^ "July-December 1996". Chronology of the Walt Disney Company. Retrieved 26 November 2012.  Source: CNet News.com, http://archive.is/20130102120941/http://www.news.cnet.com/
  31. ^ a b "July-December 1996". Chronology of the Walt Disney Company. Retrieved 26 November 2012.  Source: CNet News.com, http://archive.is/20130102120941/http://www.news.cnet.com/
  32. ^ "Volume 146, Number 50748". The New York Times,. March 31, 1997. pp. D5. 
  33. ^ Bensko, Jennifer (July 6, 1998). "A Web of Their Own". Newsweek. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  34. ^ "1998". Chronology of the Walt Disney Company. Retrieved 26 November 2012.  Source: CNet News.com, http://archive.is/20130102120941/http://www.news.cnet.com/
  35. ^ Hu, Jim (August 9, 1999). "Disney quietly shutters family Net guide". CNET News. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  36. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn C. (June 24, 2008). "Fandango acquires Movies.com". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  37. ^ a b Wallenstein, Andrew (April 4, 2012). "Disney exec ankles for Maker Studios". Variety. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 
  38. ^ Avery, Greg (February 20, 2009). "Disney reveals Kerpoof purchase". Orlando Business Journal. Retrieved 20 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°09′52″N 118°22′30″W / 34.16444°N 118.37500°W / 34.16444; -118.37500