Disney Television Animation
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2014)|
|Industry||Traditional animation (1984-present)
Flash Animation (2005-present)
CGI animation (2006-present)
|Headquarters||Glendale, California, United States|
|Number of locations||2|
|Key people||Eric Coleman (SVP, Original Series)
Lisa Salamone (SVP, Production)
Mike Moon (VP, Creative)
|Products||Animated television series, films and specials|
|Parent||Disney Channels Worldwide
(Disney–ABC Television Group)
|Website||Disney TV Animation|
Disney Television Animation (DTVA) is the television animation production arm of the Disney Channels Worldwide dedicated to creating, developing and producing animated television series, films, specials and other projects.
Established in 1984 during the reorganization and subsequent re-incorporation of The Walt Disney Company following the arrival of then-Disney CEO Michael Eisner, the entity was formerly known as The Walt Disney Pictures Television Animation Group, the name was then later changed, shortened to Walt Disney Television Animation starting in 1987 and was its name up until 2011, when it has been shortened again to Disney Television Animation.
- 1 Background
- 2 History
- 3 List of Disney Television Animation productions
- 3.1 Disney television series (with "The Disney Afternoon")
- 3.2 Disney television series (with "Disney's One Saturday Morning")
- 3.3 Other Disney television series
- 3.4 Disney Channel Original Series
- 3.5 Disney XD Original Series
- 3.6 Playhouse Disney/Disney Junior original series
- 3.7 ABC television series
- 3.8 Television specials
- 3.9 Television films
- 3.10 Direct-to-video films
- 3.11 Theatrical films
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The Walt Disney Company first ventured into the television industry as early as 1950, beginning with the one-hour Christmas special, One Hour in Wonderland. This was followed by the 1951 Christmas special, The Walt Disney Christmas Show, the long-running (1954–2008) anthology series, The Wonderful World of Disney (which was Disney's first regular series as a whole), the children's variety show The Mickey Mouse Club, and the 1957-1959 adventure series, Zorro. However, one element was missing from Disney's expansion into television: An original animated television series. Until the early 80's, the studio had never produced its own original animated shows in-house, because Walt Disney felt it was economically impossible. Nearly all pre-1985 TV animation was wrap-around segments made to bridge the gaps on existing theatrical material on The Wonderful World of Disney. Osamu Tezuka met Walt at the 1964 World's Fair, at which time Disney said he hoped to "make something just like" Tezuka's Astro Boy someday, but unfortunately nothing came of it.
The Walt Disney Television Animation department was started in November 1984 with Gary Krisel as president.
This was considered a risky move, because animated TV series were generally considered low-budget investments for most of the history of TV cartoons up through the 1980s. Many critics say that Disney's own animation studio had lost most of its luster during the period from Walt Disney's passing through the 1980s. However, the studio took a number of risks that paid off handsomely. The studio successfully gambled on the idea that a substantially larger investment into quality animation could be made back through both network television and over-the-air in syndication, as well as cable. The final result is a string of higher budgeted animated television productions which proved to be profitable ventures and raised the standard for the TV medium.
The Disney television animation cycle began in mid-1985, with The Wuzzles (which premiered on CBS on September 14, 1985) and Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears (which had premiered on NBC on September 14, 1985 at the same time as and shown first-run head-to-head with The Wuzzles), both which are based upon funny animal-based conceptions, the Gummi Bears being named after a common candy and the Wuzzles originating as a hybrid of two animals put together into one creature. The supposedly (and possibly) final third series in the incidentally so-called "magic animal"-based "trilogy" of original character sets was going to be Fluppy Dogs (which premiered only as an hour-long TV movie pilot on ABC on Thanksgiving 1986), itself loosely based a series of children's books and line of toys about a race of anthropomorphic pastel-colored dimension-hopping alien (fluppy) dogs. It was not a successful hit (due to low viewership and support) however, as the proposed series was not picked up after it never went beyond that one pilot episode, and the studio instead quickly fell into a routine of adapting its old properties into the new use, which ultimately, Disney coincidentally really did.
In 1987, Disney finally unveiled the newest series yet in its cycle, and the first in their successful long-time line of syndicated animated shows, DuckTales, which premiered on September 18, 1987. The show was successful enough to spawn a feature film, DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp, and two spin-off series: Darkwing Duck and Quack Pack. The success of DuckTales also paved the way for a new wave of high-quality animated TV series, including Disney's own The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh in 1988. Later, early that spring, Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers debuted on March 4, 1989, and was paired with DuckTales in an hour-long syndicated show through the 1989-1990 television season. In the 1990-1991 season, Disney expanded the idea even further, to create The Disney Afternoon, a two-hour long syndicated block of half-hour cartoons, which premiered much later on September 10, 1990. DuckTales was one of the early flagship cartoons in the series.
Over the next few years - and later, many more to come, Disney experimented with more television animation fare, such as Goof Troop, Darkwing Duck, TaleSpin, Raw Toonage, Bonkers, Marsupilami, Gargoyles (which was Disney's first serious action-based animated series, that later gained a large cult/fan following), The Shnookums and Meat Funny Cartoon Show, Disney's Doug (which was the sequel to and revival version of the Nickelodeon animated series of the same name) and Nightmare Ned. The TV animation unit was also responsible for even adapting some of the films from the Disney animated features canon and other film sources as well (The Little Mermaid, Aladdin, Timon & Pumbaa, The Mighty Ducks, itself loosely based on Disney's The Mighty Ducks film series, Jungle Cubs, the second spin-off of Disney's The Jungle Book, 101 Dalmatians: The Series, Hercules, Buzz Lightyear of Star Command, based on Disney/Pixar's Toy Story franchise, The Legend of Tarzan, etc.) and later finally bought back Mickey Mouse and company for two both brand new animated anthology and variety series, Mickey Mouse Works and Disney's House of Mouse. At the same time, the Disney Television Animation banner was strongly associated with Saturday morning cartoons and, more recently since 1998, The Disney Channel, and may have adversely affected the widely commercial, and ratings, successes of its other cartoon series that premiered on ABC's Saturday morning programming block, such as Recess and The Weekenders. Other WDTA series include Kim Possible, Phineas and Ferb, Fish Hooks and Gravity Falls.
Most of the following shows produced by WDTA premiered on ABC, especially since Disney's 1996 purchase of that network's parent company, Capital Cities Communications (Disney began active control over that network in the 1997-98 season). Prior to the 1997 takeover of ABC, Disney had also aired its animated cartoons on NBC, CBS and over-the-air in first-run syndication. Disney animated productions, both new and (less commonly) rerun, now occupy a major portion of the schedules of The Disney Channel (despite whom since 2002, the cable network now produces exclusive material of its own from WDTA) and its spin-offs, the now-defunct Toon Disney and Playhouse Disney and their successors Disney XD and Disney Junior. (Some of the 1990s WDTA content is rerun in overnight blocks on the Disney Junior channel.)
At the time Walt Disney Productions merged with Capital Cities/ABC, TV Animation was a unit of Walt Disney Television within the Walt Disney Television and Telecommunications group (WDTT). With the retirement of the WDTT group president in April 1996 and ongoing post-merger reorganization, the unit (along with its Disney TV parent) was transferred to The Walt Disney Studios.
In January 2003, Disney initiated a reorganization of its theatrical and animation units to improve resource usage and continued focus on new characters and franchise development. TV Animation was transferred to Disney Channels Worldwide. Around the same time, the Disney MovieToons/Disney Video Premieres unit was transferred from Television Animation to Feature Animation.
Ownership and management
Prior presidents of Television Animation were Meredith Roberts and Barry Blumberg. Blumberg announced his resignation in November 2005.
Tom Ruzicka, now at Universal Animation Studios, was one of the original executives in charge of this fledgling group. Other animation executives that worked at Television Animation over the years were Barbara Ferro, Sharon Morrill, Bill Gross (former President of Jumbo Pictures, creators of Doug), Maia Mattise, Lenora Hume.
List of Disney Television Animation productions
Disney television series (with "The Disney Afternoon")
|Adventures of the Gummi Bears||1985–91|
|Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers||1989–90|
|Gargoyles||1994–97||Canon storyline continued via the Gargoyles comics licensed by SLG|
|Timon & Pumbaa||1995–99|
|The Shnookums and Meat Funny Cartoon Show||1995|
|The Mighty Ducks||1996–97|
Disney television series (with "Disney's One Saturday Morning")
|101 Dalmatians||1997–98||co-production with Jumbo Pictures|
|Recess||1997–2003||co-production with Paul & Joe Productions|
|Mickey Mouse Works||1999–2000|
|Teacher's Pet||2000–02||Winner of 4 Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Special Class Animated Program of 2001 and 2002|
|Buzz Lightyear of Star Command||2000–01||co-production with Pixar Animation Studios|
|House of Mouse||2001–03|
|Lloyd in Space||2001–04||co-production with Paul & Joe Productions|
|The Legend of Tarzan||2001–03|
Other Disney television series
|The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh||1988–91||Winner of 2 Emmy Awards for Outstanding Animated Program of 1988 and 1989.|
|The Little Mermaid||1992–94|
|Marsupilami||1993||in association with Dupuis Audiovisuel and Marsu Productions|
|Disney's Doug||1996–99||Seasons 5–7 only, co-production with Jumbo Pictures|
Disney Channel Original Series
|The Proud Family||2001–05||co-production with Jambalaya Studios|
|Lilo & Stitch: The Series||2003–06|
|Dave the Barbarian||2004–05|
|Brandy & Mr. Whiskers||2004–06|
|American Dragon: Jake Long||2005–07|
|The Buzz on Maggie||2005–06|
|The Emperor's New School||2006–08|
|Shorty McShorts' Shorts||2006–07|
|Phineas and Ferb||2007–present|
|Take Two with Phineas and Ferb||2010–11|
|Wander Over Yonder||2013–present|||
|Gravity Falls shorts||2013–present|
|Star vs. the Forces of Evil||2015|||
|Phineas and Ferb||2009–present|
|Kick Buttowski: Suburban Daredevil||2010–12|||
|Motorcity||2012–13||co-production with Titmouse, Inc.|
|Tron: Uprising||2012–13||co-production with Sean Bailey Productions|
|Randy Cunningham: 9th Grade Ninja||2012–present||co-production with Titmouse, Inc. Boulder Media Limited and Rough Draft Studios Korea Co., Ltd. Season 2-present|
|Wander Over Yonder||2014–present|
|Star vs. the Forces of Evil||2015|||
|Penn Zero: Part-Time Hero||2015|| Executive Produced and created by Jared Bush and Sam Levine.|
|Pickle & Peanut||2015|||
Playhouse Disney/Disney Junior original series
|PB&J Otter||1998–2000||co-production with Jumbo Pictures|
|Mickey Mouse Clubhouse||2006–present|
|My Friends Tigger & Pooh||2007–2010|
|Special Agent Oso||2009–2012|
|Jake and the Never Land Pirates||2011–present|
|Sofia the First||2012–present|
|The Adventures of Disney Fairies||2014–present|
|The Lion Guard||2016|
|Clerks: The Animated Series||2000||uncredited; co-production with Miramax Television, View Askew Productions, and Touchstone Television|
|Winnie the Pooh and Christmas Too||December 14, 1991|
|Boo to You Too! Winnie the Pooh||October 25, 1996|
|A Winnie the Pooh Thanksgiving||November 22, 1998|
|Winnie the Pooh: A Valentine for You||February 13, 1999|
All originally-produced first-run specials are directly related to the TV series The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh.
- Fluppy Dogs (1986)
- DuckTales: The Treasure of the Golden Suns (1987)
- DuckTales: Time is Money (1989)
- Super DuckTales (1989)
- Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers: To the Rescue (1989)
- TaleSpin: Plunder & Lightning (1990)
- Darkwing Duck: Darkly Dawns the Duck (1991)
- Kim Possible: A Sitch in Time (2003)
- Kim Possible Movie: So the Drama (2005)
- The Proud Family Movie (2005; co-production with Hyperion Animation)
- Leroy & Stitch (2006)
- Phineas and Ferb the Movie: Across the 2nd Dimension (2011)
Only Fluppy Dogs is not related to any television series, as it is a failed pilot episode to the proposed TV series of that same name.
- Gargoyles the Movie: The Heroes Awaken (1995)
- Mighty Ducks the Movie: The First Face-Off (1997)
- Hercules: Zero to Hero (1998)
- Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000; co-production with Pixar Animation Studios)
- Mickey's Magical Christmas: Snowed in at the House of Mouse (2001)
- Recess Christmas: Miracle on Third Street (2001; co-production with Paul & Joe Productions)
- Tarzan & Jane (2002)
- Mickey's House of Villains (2002)
- Stitch! The Movie (2003)
- Recess: Taking the Fifth Grade (2003; co-production with Paul & Joe Productions)
- Recess: All Growed Down (2003; co-production with Paul & Joe Productions)
- Doug's 1st Movie (1999; co-production with Jumbo Pictures)
- Recess: School's Out (2001; co-production with Paul & Joe Productions)
- Teacher's Pet (2004)
- The Disney Afternoon
- ABC Kids
- Disney's One Too
- Jetix Animation Concepts
- Walt Disney Television
- Marvel Animation
- Lucasfilm Animation
- DisneyToon Studios
- Walt Disney Animation Japan
- Walt Disney Animation Studios
- Nickelodeon Animation Studio - the animation division of Nickelodeon
- Cartoon Network Studios - the animation division of Cartoon Network
- Warner Bros. Animation
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- BETTER GRAB SOME SUNGLASSES, THE FUTURE AROUND HERE IS BRIGHT, Disney Channel Medianet
- "Disney XD to Premiere "Kick Buttowski – Suburban Daredevil" on February 13th". Crushable.com. Crushable. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
- "Production Has Begun on "Motorcity," an Animated Series Set in Futuristic Detroit, to Premiere Next Fall on Disney XD". DisneyChannelMedianet.com. Disney Channel Medianet. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
- Amidi, Amid (August 6, 2014). "Disney Tries Something New With ‘Star Vs. The Forces of Evil’: A Woman Creator". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
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Beneath the tower of intra-organizational title credits for ABC's short-lived Clerks — Miramax Films, Miramax Television, Touchstone Television, View Askew Productions — resides the Walt Disney television animation studio.
- Goldberg, Lesley (July 17, 2014). "Disney Prepping 'Haunted Mansion' TV Special (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Disney Television Animation at the Internet Movie Database
- Walt Disney Television Animation at the Internet Movie Database
- Walt Disney Studios Television Episode Guides at the Big Cartoon DataBase