Walter Ernest Allen (23 February 1911 – 28 February 1995) was an English literary critic and novelist. He is best known for his classic study The English Novel: a Short Critical History (1951).
He was born in Aston, Birmingham; he drew on his working-class roots for All in a Lifetime (1959), generally considered his best novel. He was educated at King Edward's Grammar School and the University of Birmingham, graduating in 1932—his friends at that period included Henry Reed and Louis MacNeice.
He taught and took numerous temporary academic positions; he also worked in journalism, being at one time literary editor of the New Statesman; and was a broadcaster. In 1967 he took a position as Professor of English Studies at the University of Ulster.
- Innocence is Drowned (1938) novel
- Blind Man's Ditch (1939) novel
- Living Space (1940) novel
- The Black Country (1946) novel
- Rogue Elephant (1946) novel
- Arnold Bennett (1948) criticism
- Writers on Writing (1948) editor
- Reading a Novel (1949)
- Dead Man Over All (1950) novel
- Joyce Cary (1953) criticism
- The English Novel; a Short Critical History (1954)
- The Novel Today (1955)
- Six Great Novelists (1955)
- All in a Lifetime (1959) novel
- George Eliot (1964) criticism
- Tradition and Dream: The English and American Novel from the Twenties to Our Time (1964)
- As I Walked Down New Grub Street (1981) autobiography
- The Short Story in English (1981)
- Get Out Early (1986)
- Accosting Profiles (1989)