Walter Aubrey Thomas

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For the Liverpool architect with a similar name, see Walter W. Thomas

Walter Aubrey Thomas (1864, Birkenhead, Cheshire[1] – 1934, Wirral, Cheshire[2]), (also known as Aubrey Thomas) was an English architect who practised from an office in Dale Street, Liverpool. For his training he was articled to the Liverpool architect Francis Doyle, and established his own independent practice in about 1876.[3] His works consisted mainly of commercial buildings. He has been described as "the most individual Liverpool architect of the early 1900s".[4] At least seven of his works are designated by English Heritage as listed buildings, and these are included in the list below, of which the most notable is the Grade I listed Royal Liver Building. Sharples and Pollard in the Pevsner Architectural Guides state that "his work shows admirable inventiveness and stylistic variety, as well as ambition matched by technological resourcefulness".[4]

Key[edit]

Grade Criteria[5]
Grade I Buildings of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* Particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II Buildings of national importance and special interest.

Works[edit]

Name Location Photograph Date Notes Grade
New Zealand House 18 Water Street, Liverpool
53°24′23″N 2°59′36″W / 53.4065°N 2.9932°W / 53.4065; -2.9932 (New Zealand House, Liverpool)
c. 1893 A new commercial building.[6]
Lord Street Arcade 81–89 Lord Street, Liverpool
53°24′20″N 2°59′11″W / 53.4055°N 2.9865°W / 53.4055; -2.9865 (81–89 Lord Street, Liverpool)
Lord Street Liverpool.jpg
1901 The frontage is in red and white stone in Italian Gothic style. It is in three bays, each bay including a round arch, above which is a row of windows resembling a triforium, and a gable. It originally led to a glass-roofed shopping arcade.[7][8] II
Brooke House Parkgate, Cheshire
53°17′58″N 3°05′12″W / 53.2994°N 3.0866°W / 53.2994; -3.0866 (Brooke House, Parkgate)
1904 A house Aubrey Thomas built for himself in "understated" Arts and Crafts style.[9][10] II
State Insurance Building 14 Dale Street, Liverpool
53°24′26″N 2°59′24″W / 53.4073°N 2.9901°W / 53.4073; -2.9901 (State Insurance Building)
State Insurance Building - geograph.org.uk - 1021172.jpg
1906 The building was initially symmetrical about a central tower, but it was damaged in the Second World War. The remaining part of the building has three bays, and incorporates a five-storey turret. Its architectural style is described as "flamboyant Gothic", and as "wiry, sinuous Gothic".[11][12][13] II
Tower Buildings Corner of Water Street and the Strand, Liverpool
53°24′23″N 2°59′40″W / 53.4064°N 2.9944°W / 53.4064; -2.9944 (Tower Buildings)
Tower Building, Liverpool - geograph.org.uk - 206578.jpg 1906 This is an office building on the site of the former Tower of Liverpool, with crenallated turrets providing a link to this. It is one of the earliest steel-framed buildings in the country, and is clad in white glazed terracotta.[6][14][15] II*
Royal Liver Building Pier Head, Liverpool
53°24′21″N 2°59′45″W / 53.4058°N 2.9958°W / 53.4058; -2.9958 (Royal Liver Building)
Royal Liver Building.jpg 1908–11 This was one of the first multi-storey, reinforced concrete, steel-framed buildings in the world. It was built for the Royal Liver Assurance. Its exterior is cladded with granite. The building is in eight storeys, it incorporates domes at its corners, and has two clock towers, each of which is surmounted by a copper sculpture representing a liver bird. It is described as "perhaps the most extraordinary office block of its date in the country".[16][17][18] I
Crane Building Hanover Street, Liverpool
53°24′16″N 2°58′56″W / 53.4044°N 2.9823°W / 53.4044; -2.9823 (Crane Building, Liverpool)
Hanover House, Liverpool.jpg
1913–15 This was built as a five-storey store selling musical instruments, with a theatre above it, later known as the Neptune Theatre. The theatre has been refurbished, and renamed the Epstein Theatre.[19][20][21][22] II
Dunstan Wood Burton, Cheshire
53°16′05″N 3°01′01″W / 53.2680°N 3.0169°W / 53.2680; -3.0169 (Dunstan Wood, Wirral)
1926 A house built by Aubrey Thomas for himself. It is entirely in concrete, including the staircase and the roof.[23]
Elmhurst Neston, Cheshire
53°17′25″N 3°04′06″W / 53.2903°N 3.0684°W / 53.2903; -3.0684 (Elmhurst, Neston)
Elmhurst, Neston.jpg Undated Alterations and an extension to a building dating from 1717.[24][25] II

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/all/results?recordCount=-1&forenames=Walter+Aubrey+&_includeForenamesVariants=on&surname=Thomas&_includeSurnameVariants=on&fromYear=1800&toYear=1874&region=&county=&mothersMaidenName=&_useMothersMaidenNameAsSurname=on&sortOrder=RK%3Atrue&_performExactSearch=on&event=B&recordType=ALL&route=
  2. ^ http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/all/results?recordCount=-1&forenames=Walter+Aubrey&_includeForenamesVariants=on&surname=Thomas&_includeSurnameVariants=on&fromYear=1934&toYear=1934&region=5&county=30&dobYear=&dobYearTolerance=2&sortOrder=RK%3Atrue&_performExactSearch=on&event=D&recordType=ALL&route=
  3. ^ Walter Aubrey Thomas (or Aubrey Thomas), Dictionary of Scottish Architects, retrieved 24 November 2012 
  4. ^ a b Sharples (2004), p. 30
  5. ^ Listed Buildings, English Heritage, 2010, retrieved 23 September 2012 
  6. ^ a b Sharples & Pollard (2004), p. 172
  7. ^ Sharples & Pollard (2004), pp. 30, 154
  8. ^ English Heritage, "81–89 Lord Street, Liverpool (1070625)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Hartwell et al. (2011), p. 524
  10. ^ English Heritage, "Brooke House, Parkgate (1387784)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  11. ^ Sharples & Pollard (2004), pp. 145–146
  12. ^ Pye (2011), p. 84
  13. ^ English Heritage, "State Insurance Building, Liverpool (1068277)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  14. ^ Pye (2011), p. 76
  15. ^ English Heritage, "Tower Building, Liverpool (1360220)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  16. ^ Sharples & Pollard (2004), pp. 30, 70–80
  17. ^ Pye (2011), p. 170
  18. ^ English Heritage, "Royal Liver Building, iron railings and stone piers, Liverpool (1356370)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  19. ^ Sharples & Pollard (2004), p. 200
  20. ^ English Heritage, "Neptune Theatre, Liverpool (1187370)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2012. 
  21. ^ The Epstein Theatre, arthurlloyd.co.uk, retrieved 24 November 2012 
  22. ^ Welcome, Epstein Theatre, retrieved 24 November 2012 
  23. ^ Hartwell et al. (2011), p. 198
  24. ^ Hartwell et al. (2011), p. 503
  25. ^ English Heritage, "Elmhurst, Neston (1387714)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 November 2012. 

Bibliography