Walter Berns (May 3, 1919 – January 10, 2015) was an American constitutional law and political philosophy professor. He was a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a professor emeritus at Georgetown University.
Early life and career
Berns was raised in Chicago, where, as late as 1926, he was impressed by "Union soldiers in the [Memorial Day] parade feebly carrying the standard." He attended Reed College and the General Course at the London School of Economics and Political Science—"where [he] learned little, other than to love London"—and received his bachelor's degree from the University of Iowa. World War II intervened, and "there was no question but that [he] would serve in WW II." He served in the U.S. Navy from 1941 to 1945. After the war, he lived and worked as a waiter in Taos, New Mexico, where he befriended Frieda Lawrence. She persuaded him that he did not have a future as a writer, so Berns returned to academia. He studied for his Ph.D. under Leo Strauss at the University of Chicago, where he also became lifelong friends with Herbert Storing. He taught political philosophy at Louisiana State University (1953–1956) and Yale University (1956–1959). In 1959, he joined the government department at Cornell University.
The upheaval at Cornell
Berns taught at Cornell from 1959 to 1969 and chaired the Department of Government from 1963 to 1967. He was a popular professor, "applauded after every lecture in their large courses, not merely after the last lecture of the semester, which was the normal student acknowledgment of a course well taught." Berns became friends with his faculty colleague Allan Bloom during these years. He was less than impressed by the attitudes of the faculty class at the time:
I recall a faculty party at Cornell, the day after the annual Fourth of July celebration at the university football stadium with fireworks. The wife of an economics professor, when asked if she had enjoyed the fireworks, replied, "Yes, but I could have done without all the flag-waving." This reminded me of that familiar old song—familiar in some circles, at least—"If you don't like my peaches, why do you shake my tree?"
Berns was an active participant in the debates leading up to the takeover of the Cornell student union by black separatist activists in 1969. Berns and Bloom were among a small cohort of professors who argued for the primacy of the liberal arts and for "academic freedom" to disagree with the changes and "new orthodoxy" spearheaded by university president James A. Perkins, such as the erosion of the core curriculum and the concessions to demands for a black-only college.
Berns was targeted by protesters for his role in the campus debate; in his radio broadcast after taking over the student union on April 19, 1969, Thomas W. Jones included Berns in a list of those opposing the protesters: "Walter Berns is a racist." Once the student union takeover was settled in favor of the protesters, and after receiving personal threats, Berns resigned from Cornell and took up a position at the University of Toronto.
Working in Washington
Berns taught at Toronto until 1979, at which point he moved to Washington to teach at Georgetown and conduct constitutional law research at AEI. His research interests at AEI included the U.S. Constitution, constitution-making, political philosophy, patriotism, the Founding, the death penalty, freedom of speech, the Electoral College, and Abraham Lincoln.
Berns served on the Judicial Fellows Commission, the National Council on the Humanities, the board of directors of the Institute for Educational Affairs, the Joint Undertaking of the American Historical Association and American Political Science Association to Commemorate the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution, and the Council of Scholars of the Library of Congress.
Berns married Irene Lyons Berns in 1951; they lived in Chevy Chase, Maryland. In 2005, Berns received the National Humanities Medal from President George W. Bush. He was an Episcopalian. Berns died of respiratory failure in Bethesda, Maryland on January 10, 2015 aged 95.
- Walter Berns. Democracy and the Constitution. Washington: AEI Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8447-4239-7.
- Walter Berns. Making Patriots. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. ISBN 0-226-04438-6.
- Walter Berns, ed. After the People Vote: A Guide to the Electoral College. Second edition. Washington: AEI Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8447-3802-6.
- Walter Berns. Taking the Constitution Seriously. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991. ISBN 0-8191-7970-1.
- Walter Berns. For Capital Punishment: Crime and the Morality of the Death Penalty . Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2005. ISBN 0-8191-8150-1.
- Walter Berns. The First Amendment and the Future of American Democracy. New York: Basic Books, 1985. ISBN 0-89526-820-5.
- Walter Berns. In Defense of Liberal Democracy. Washington: AEI Press, 1984. ISBN 0-685-58979-X.
- Walter Berns, ed. After the People Vote. First edition. Washington: AEI Press, 1980.
- Walter Berns. Freedom, Virtue, and the First Amendment. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1970. ISBN 0-8371-2143-4.
- Evans, Peter & Helen (August 4, 2004). "Interview with Walter Berns". RenewAmerica. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
- Berns, Walter (2006). Democracy and the Constitution. Washington: AEI Press. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
- Walter Berns profile at American Enterprise Institute website, http://www.aei.org/scholar/4.
- Berns, Walter (1998). "My Days with Frieda Lawrence". Commentary.
- Downs, Donald Alexander (1999). Cornell '69. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
- Berns, Walter (2002). "The Perennial Trashing of Bourgeois Democracy". Academic Questions.
- Berns, Walter (1997). "The Assault on the Universities: Then and Now". In Macedo, Stephen. Reassessing the Sixties: Debating the Cultural and Political Legacy. New York: W. W. Norton.
- Website and bibliography of Berns's scholarship
- Berns's profile on the American Enterprise Institute website.
- Booknotes interview with Berns on Making Patriots, August 19, 2001.