Walter Edward Davidson

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Sir Walter Davidson
KCMG
WEDavidson.jpg
Davidson as Governor of New South Wales
24th Governor of New South Wales
In office
17 February 1918 – 15 September 1923
Monarch George V
Lieutenant Sir William Cullen
Preceded by Sir Gerald Strickland
Succeeded by Admiral Sir Dudley de Chair
62nd Governor of Newfoundland
In office
1913–1917
Monarch George V
Preceded by Sir Ralph Champneys Williams
Succeeded by Sir Charles Alexander Harris
Personal details
Born (1859-04-20)20 April 1859
Valletta, British Malta
Died 15 September 1923(1923-09-15) (aged 64)
Sydney, New South Wales
Australia
Spouse(s) Dame Margaret Davidson (née Feilding)
Alma mater Christ's College, Cambridge
Profession Politician, Colonial Administrator

Sir Walter Edward Davidson KCMG (20 April 1859 – 15 September 1923) was a colonial Administrator and diplomat. He served periods as Governor of the Seychelles, Governor of Newfoundland and as Governor of New South Wales, where he died in office.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Born in April 1859 at Valletta, Malta, Davidson was the son of James Davidson of Killyleagh, Ireland, an agent for the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. After being educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford, Davidson graduated from Christ's College, Cambridge.[2] In 1880 he entered the Ceylon Civil Service and, by 1898, had risen to be Chairman of the Colombo Municipal Council and Mayor of Colombo (1897–1898). In 1902 he was appointed a Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) and Colonial Secretary in the Colony of Transvaal, South Africa, involving himself in the post-Boer War reconstruction. He held this office until 1904.[1]

Governor of Seychelles and Newfoundland[edit]

Governor and Lady Davidson visiting the Carnegie Library (now the National Library of Seychelles) at the day of its opening in 1910

In mid 1904 he was appointed as Governor of the Seychelles, which had become a separate colony from Mauritius in 1903. On 21 October 1907 he married Margaret Agnes Feilding, who was the daughter of General Sir Percy Feilding. As Governor, Davidson involved himself in the development of the new colony and made regular visits throughout the colony to increase the visibility of his role. During his administration he was responsible for the construction of the Le Niol Reservoir, the Carnegie Library and also for the design of the Colonial State House of which he was the first occupant. In 1911 he received the King George V Coronation Medal. He served until his promotion in 1912.[3]

On 15 January 1913 he was appointed as Governor of the Dominion of Newfoundland.[4] For his long service, in 1914 he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG).[5] During the First World War, Davidson helped direct Newfoundland's military effort in his role as Chairman of the Newfoundland Patriotic Association, and was very influential in public affairs. As Honorary Colonel of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment and as Commander-in-Chief of the Newfoundland Forces, he played an active role in recruitment and organisation.[6] His term expired and he left Newfoundland in 1917 just as the financial situation for Newfoundland was in sharp decline, and the political consensus over which he and the prime minister, Sir Edward Morris, had presided since 1914, was breaking down.[6]

Governor of New South Wales[edit]

Grave of Walter Edward Davidson, South Head Cemetery, Vaucluse, New South Wales

In September 1917 he was recommended and appointed as the next Governor of New South Wales, succeeding Sir Gerald Strickland, and arrived in Sydney, New South Wales on 17 February 1918. Despite a reduction by Premier William Holman in the Governor's allocated funds, the Davidsons entered enthusiastically into the round of vice-regal duties. For her work with the Red Cross Society, both in Newfoundland and New South Wales, Lady Davidson was appointed as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 1918, and in August 1920 presided at a meeting to inaugurate the State branch of the Girl Guides' Association.[7] As Governor, he was made a Knight of Grace of the Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem (KStJ) on 25 October 1916[8] and a member of the Savile Club, London.

In January 1920 the Labor Premier, John Storey, sought Davidson's approval concerning additional appointments to the New South Wales Legislative Council. Though he was of the opinion that the size of the Upper House ought not to be increased, in August Davidson approved the nomination of sixteen new members. On the 20 December 1920, Storey's successor, James Dooley, and his cabinet resigned after having lost a vote in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly a week before. Davidson then commissioned the Leader of the Opposition, Sir George Fuller, as Premier. However, as Fuller did not have a majority, his attempts to form government failed. After serving as Premier for seven hours, Fuller requested a double-dissolution from Davidson. Davidson refused, on the basis that Dooley still had a majority in the lower house, and Fuller resigned.[7] Davidson then re-commissioned Dooley, who was granted a dissolution. Upon Dooley's defeat in the March 1921 elections, Davidson wrote to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Winston Churchill, of his "Labour friends: they were likeable men, upright and simple, and not ashamed to take advice". In September 1922 it was announced that his term of office would be extended until March 1924.[1]

While still in office, Davidson died of cardiovascular disease at Government House, Sydney on 16 September 1923. After lying-in-state at St Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney and a full state funeral, he was buried in South Head cemetery, where in 1925 a memorial was erected by public subscription. On the news of his death, the Sydney Morning Herald paid tribute to his "Splendid record of Empire service" and noted that "the whole community shares a common and heartfelt sorrow at the passing of the one of the most distinguished and popular of His Majesty's overseas representatives".[9]

Legacy[edit]

After his death in 1923, an area of land around Frenchs Forest was proclaimed as "Davidson State Park" in his honour and, subsequently, the suburb of Davidson that developed later took his name.[10] In 1972 the local Davidson High School was established and dedicated in his name.[11] In recognition of her service during the Davidson's time as Viceroys, Lady Davidson Hospital in Turramurra was dedicated in 1923[12] and Lady Davidson Circuit in Forestville were named in Lady Davidson's honour.[12]

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Viceregal styles of
Sir Walter Davidson
Crest of the Lieutenant-Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Crest of the Governor of New South Wales.svg
Reference style His Excellency
Spoken style Your Excellency
Alternative style Sir

Titles[edit]

  • 20 April 1859 – 1897: Walter Davidson, Esq
  • 1897–1898: His Worship Walter Davidson, Mayor of Colombo
  • 1898–1902: Walter Davidson, Esq
  • 1902–1904: Walter Davidson CMG
  • 1904–1913: His Excellency Walter Davidson CMG, Governor of the Seychelles
  • 1913–1914: His Excellency Walter Davidson CMG, Governor of Newfoundland, Commander-in-Chief of the Newfoundland Forces
  • 1914–1917: His Excellency Sir Walter Davidson KCMG, Governor of Newfoundland, Commander-in-Chief of the Newfoundland Forces
  • 1917 – 15 September 1923: His Excellency Sir Walter Davidson KCMG, Governor of New South Wales

Honours[edit]

Ord.St.Michele-Giorgio.png Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) 1914
Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) 1902
Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Knight of Grace of the Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem (KStJ) 1916
King George V Coronation Medal ribbon.png King George V Coronation Medal 1911

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Davidson, Sir Walter Edward (1859 - 1923)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Davidson, Walter Edward (DVT878WE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ "Sir Walter Edward Davidson KCMG (1904-1912)". The Seychelles National Archives. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28682. p. 406. 17 January 1913. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 28842. p. 4878. 19 June 1914. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  6. ^ a b "Davidson, Sir Walter Edward (1859-1923)". The Governorship of Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Clune, David; Turner, Ken (2009). The Governors of New South Wales: 1788-2010. Sydney: Federation Press. pg 446–455. 
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29804. p. 10417. 27 October 1916. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  9. ^ "DEATH OF SIR WALTER DAVIDSON". Sydney Morning Herald 17 September 1923 pg 9. Australian National Library. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  10. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 81
  11. ^ "Our School - History". Davidson High School. Retrieved 2 June 2009. 
  12. ^ a b The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 256

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Ernest Sweet-Escott
Governor of the Seychelles
1904–1912
Succeeded by
Sir Charles O'Brien
Preceded by
Sir Ralph Williams
Governor of Newfoundland
1913–1917
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Harris
Preceded by
Sir Gerald Strickland
Governor of New South Wales
1918–1923
Succeeded by
Admiral Sir Dudley de Chair