Walter Herries Pollock

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Walter Herries Pollock
Walter Herries Pollock.jpg
Caricature by "Spy"[1]
Born (1850-02-21)21 February 1850
London, England, U.K.
Died 21 February 1926(1926-02-21) (aged 76)
Occupation Writer, lecturer, poet, journalist
Nationality British
Genre Fiction, poetry, non-fiction, essay, literary criticism
Spouse Emma Jane Pipon (1876–1922)
Children Guy Cameron Pollock

Walter Herries Pollock (21 February 1850 – 21 February 1926) was an English writer, poet, lecturer and journalist. He is best known as editor of the Saturday Review, a position he held from 1884 to 1894, but also had published various miscellaneous writings that included novels, short stories, plays, poetry and translated works between 1877 and 1920. He was also, at one time, considered one of the best amateur fencers in Great Britain.[2]

Pollock was well known in Britain's literary circles during the Victorian era and was close friends with a number of writers, including Robert Louis Stevenson, Rudyard Kipling, Oscar Wilde, Egerton Castle, W. E. Henley and Henry Irving. He was also involved in collaborations with Alexander Duffield, Sir Walter Besant, Andrew Lang, F. C. Grove and Camille Prévost and Lilian Moubrey.

A member of the esteemed Pollock family, he was the second son[3] of Sir William Frederick Pollock, 2nd Baronet and brother to lawyer Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet and George Frederick Pollock. He in turn was the father of newspaperman Guy Cameron Pollock, a longtime journalist for the Evening Standard and Daily Express, and managing editor of the Morning Post.[4] Walter and Guy Pollock wrote a novel together in 1905.

Biography[edit]

Walter Pollock was born in London on 21 February 1850, the second son of Sir William Frederick Pollock, 2nd Baronet.[5][6][7][8] His great-grandfather, Mr. David Pollock, was a member of the British royal court and saddler to King George III. One of his grand-uncles, Sir David Pollock, was the chief justice of Bombay, while another, Sir George Pollock, became a field marshal. His own father was an author and Queen's Remembrancer under Queen Victoria from 1874 to 1886, when the post was passed on to his brother George Frederick Pollock who continued to hold the title until the turn of the 20th century. His eldest brother, Sir Frederick Pollock, 3rd Baronet, was a noted lawyer and frequently worked with him during his career.

Educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge,[9] he graduated with a classical degree in 1871 and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple three years later.[7][8][10] He developed an interest in literature and history and began lecturing at the Royal Institution, London. Among the subjects he discussed included the works of Richelieu, Colbert, Victor Hugo, Sir Francis Drake and Théophile Gautier. In 1875, he joined the staff of the Saturday Review and became an assistant editor.[5] It was around this time that he began courting Emma Jane Pipon, daughter of Colonel Pipon, Seigneur de Noirmont of Jersey, and the two were married in Chester on 11 January 1876.[6] Their first and only son, Guy Cameron Pollock, was born that same year.[8]

It was while working for the publication that he first began writing professionally and co-wrote Marston: A Story of these Modern Times with Alexander J. Duffield in 1877. He also published literary critical works such as The Modern French Theatre (1878)[10] and Lectures on French Poets (1879), English-language translations of works by Alfred de Musset's and Denis Diderot, and a collection of poetic verses entitled Songs and Rhymes: English and French (1882) and Verses of Two Tongues (1884).[5][6][7]

In 1884, Pollock succeeded Philip Harwood as editor of the Saturday Review and remained with the publication for the next 10 years.[6][7][11] He became close friends with many members of Victorian Britain's literary circle including Robert Louis Stevenson, Rudyard Kipling,[4] Oscar Wilde, Egerton Castle,[8] W. E. Henley and Henry Irving. It is also alleged that he had an extramarital affair with English hostess Violet Hunt.[12]

Another close friend and collaborator, Andrew Lang, worked with Pollock on the Saturday Review[13] and published many of Lang's anonymous reviews and "middle" articles.[11] Pollock continued writing, mostly fiction and poetry, and co-authored Uncle Jack (1885) with Sir Walter Besant and He (1887) with Andrew Lang. By himself, he wrote A Nine Men's Morrice (1889), Old and New (1890), The Seal of Fate (1891) and King Zub, and Other Stories (1893). In addition, Pollock contributed 26 poems of "magazine verse" to Longman's from 1890 to 1905.[11] He and Besant also wrote The Ballad-Monger, a stage adaptation of Théodore Faullain de Banville's Gringoire, which was produced by Herbert Beerbohm Tree at the Haymarket Theatre.[5][6]

In 1894, Pollock left the Saturday Review[10][14] and went to live at Chawton in Hampshire to devote himself to writing full-time. He wrote novels on German student life, at least one book in French, Monsieur le Marquis de -- (1780-1793), Memoires Inédits Recueillis (1894), various plays, and also made several excursions into belles-lettres.[8] A second collaboration with Sir Walter Besant produced The Charm and Other Drawing-Room Plays (1896).[10] The next year, he co-wrote Fencing (1897) as part of the Badminton series with F. C. Grove and Camille Prévost (Pollock then being considered the finest amateur fencer in Britain)[5] as well as King and Artist: A Romantic Play in Five Acts (1897) with Lilian Moubrey.[6]

Two years later, he wrote Jane Austen: Her Contemporaries and Herself (1899),[10] considered one of the most important works of literary criticism on the female author,[14] and published a revised edition of Watts Phillips' The Dead Heart: A Story of the French Revolution (1900). He and his son Guy Cameron Pollock wrote a novel together, Hay Fever (1905),[10] and wrote biographies of two of his friends titled Impressions of Henry Irving (1908) and The Art of the Hon. John Collier (1914). His final book was Icarian Flights (1920). His wife died in 1922; afterwards she was said to have been the inspiration for his poetry.[8] Pollock lived in retirement until his own death on 21 February 1926.[7]

Fencing[edit]

Together with his elder brother Sir Frederick, he participated in the first English revival of historical fencing, originated by Alfred Hutton and his colleagues Egerton Castle, Captain Carl Thimm, Colonel Cyril Matthey, Captain Percy Rolt, Captain Ernest George Stenson Cooke, Captain Frank Herbert Whittow.[15]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Marston: A Story of these Modern Times (1877, co-written with Alexander J. Duffield)
  • The Modern French Theatre (1878)
  • Lectures on French Poets (1879)
  • The Poet and the Muse (1880)
  • Songs and Rhymes: English and French (1882)
  • The Picture's Secret (1883)
  • Paradox of Acting (1883)
  • Verses of Two Tongues (1884)
  • Uncle Jack (1885, co-written with Sir Walter Besant)
  • He (1887, co-written with Andrew Lang)
  • A Nine Men's Morrice (1889)
  • Old and New (1890)
  • The Seal of Fate (1891)
  • King Zub, and Other Stories (1893)
  • Monsieur le Marquis de -- (1780–1793), Memoires Inédits Recueillis (1894)
  • The Charm, and Other Drawing-Room Plays (1896)
  • Fencing (1897, co-written with F. C. Grove and Camille Prévost)
  • King and Artist: A Romantic Play in Five Acts (1897, co-written with Lilian Moubrey)
  • The Were-Wolf: A Romantic Play in One Act (1898)
  • Jane Austen, her Contemporaries and Herself (1899)
  • The Dead Heart: A Story of the French Revolution (1900, co-written with Watts Phillips)
  • Animals That Have Owned Us (1904)
  • Hay Fever (1905, co-written with Guy C. Pollock)
  • Sealed Orders and Other Poems (1907)
  • Impressions of Henry Irving (1908)
  • The Art of the Hon. John Collier (1914)
  • Icarian Flights (1920)
  • Fencing, co-written with F.C. Grove and Camille Prévost (1889) [16]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource
  1. ^ 1892 Vanity Fair - 1892-12-31 by Leslie Ward
  2. ^ Thimm, Carl Albert.A Complete Bibliography of Fencing and Duelling, London, 1896 Fencing
  3. ^ "POLLOCK, Walter Herries". Who's Who, 59: p. 1412. 1907. 
  4. ^ a b Pinney, Thomas, ed. The Letters of Rudyard Kipling: 1920-30. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1990. (pg. 284) ISBN 0-87745-898-7
  5. ^ a b c d e Moon, G. Washington. Men and Women of the Time: A Dictionary of Contemporaries. 13th ed. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1891. (pg. 726)
  6. ^ a b c d e f Plarr, Victor G. Men and Women of the Time: A Dictionary of Contemporaries. 15th ed. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1899. (pg. 870)
  7. ^ a b c d e Patrick, David, ed. Chambers's Encyclopaedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge. London and Edinburgh: W. & R. Chambers Ltd., 1926. (pg. 278)
  8. ^ a b c d e f Burke, Edmund, ed. The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year 1926. Vol. 168. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1927. (pg. 123)
  9. ^ "Pollock, Walter Herries (PLK867WH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Tyson, Brian, ed. Bernard Shaw's Book Reviews: Originally Published in the Pall Mall Gazette from 1885 to 1888. University Park: Pennsylvania State Press, 1991. (pg. 345) ISBN 0-271-00721-4
  11. ^ a b c University of Texas. The University of Texas Studies in English. Vol. 34. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1955. (pg. 166)
  12. ^ Hardwick, Joan. An Immodest Violet: The Life of Violet Hunt. London: Andre Deutsch, 1990. (pg. 35) ISBN 0-233-98639-1
  13. ^ Green, Roger Lancelyn, ed. Rudyard Kipling. London and New York: Routledge, 2000. (pg. 14) ISBN 0-415-15909-1
  14. ^ a b Orel, Harold. Kipling, Interviews and Recollections. Vol. 1. Totowa, New Jersey: Barnes & Noble, 1983. (pg. 117) ISBN 0-389-20275-4
  15. ^ Thimm, Carl Albert. A Complete Bibliography of Fencing and Duelling, London, 1896 Preface
  16. ^ The Badminton library of sports and pastimes. With a complete bibliography of the art by Egerton Castle, Boxing by E.B. Michell, Wrestling by Walter Armstrong. With illustrations from instantaneous photograph.

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