|Sir Walter Joseph Cawthorn|
11 June 1896|
|Died||4 December 1970
|Allegiance|| Australia (1915–18)
United Kingdom (1918–51)
British Indian Army
|Years of service||1915–1951|
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Major General Sir Walter Joseph Cawthorn CB, CIE, CBE (11 June 1896 – 4 December 1970) was an Australian soldier and diplomat, commonly known as a former head of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS). Cawthorn was born in the suburb of Prahran in Melbourne. He enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force, following the start of World War I, and served as a regimental sergeant major, in Gallipoli. He was commissioned into the Indian Army in 1918.
Cawthorn took charge of the Middle East Intelligence Centre, at the start of World War II, and later became the director of military intelligence at the General Headquarters, in India. From 1948 to 1951 he was Deputy Chief General Staff, Pakistan Army.
Walter Joseph Cawthorn was born in the suburb of Prahran, on 11 June 1896, the second child of an English commercial traveller, William Cawthorn, and his wife, Fanny Adelaide, née Williams. He was educated at Melbourne High School, and became a schoolteacher, along with his younger sister, Minnie Elizabeth Cawthorn.
- Hohnen, Peter (1993). "Cawthorn, Sir Walter Joseph (1896–1970)". Australian Dictionary of Biography (Volume 13 ed.). Melbourne University Press.
- Goodgame, Peter (11 August 2002). "The British, the Middle East and Radical Islam". The Globalists and the Islamists: Fomenting the "Clash of Civilizations" for a New World Order.
|Australian High Commissioner to Pakistan
|Australian High Commissioner to Canada
|Director of the Joint Intelligence Bureau
W. Harold King
|Director-General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service