Walter Long (died 1610)
The two Sir Walters
Long was a friend of Sir Walter Raleigh, (Raleigh's brother Carew had married Long's mother-in-law, widow of the first Sir John Thynne of Longleat), and according to historian John Aubrey, Long was the first in the country to introduce the fashion of smoking tobacco, his friend Raleigh being the first to bring it to England. Long's home of South Wraxall Manor is one of the houses in England where legend says tobacco was first smoked by the two Sir Walters, although the same legend has been told of other locations. Aubrey also alludes to Sir Walter Long's ostentatious lifestyle, saying he kept a trumpeter, and on at least one occasion, he rode to Marlborough with thirty servants and retainers.
Long and his brother Henry were involved in a dispute with their neighbours, the Danvers, and Long supported the claims of Danvers' tenants to rights of common, which in 1596 resulted in the Star Chamber deciding that Long was to blame for hedge-breaking on the Danvers' enclosures, and he was fined £200 for 'a great riot' over the hedge-destroying incident. Twenty eight people had been involved, according to the judge, and many Wiltshire Yeomen were fined. The dispute between the Longs and the Danvers' became a violent and deadly feud, eventually resulting in the murder of Henry Long.
Sir Walter Long married firstly, Mary Pakington of Westwood, Worcestershire, daughter of Sir Thomas Packington (d. 2 June 1571) and Dorothy Kitson. She was on friendly terms with Elizabeth I, and gifts to the Queen from Lady Long, which included an item of 18 ounces of gilt plate, were recorded in the Jewel House records in 1588. There were two children of this marriage.
Long married secondly, Catherine, daughter of Sir John Thynne of Longleat. Long was the last of the family to own both manors of South Wraxall and Draycot together, and through the contrivances of his second wife Catherine, Sir Walter disinherited his son John from his first marriage, in favour of Walter, the eldest son from the second, but a compromise later led John to receive the estate at South Wraxall, and his half-brother received Draycot.
There were at least thirteen children from his second marriage, including:
Another legend related by Aubrey, concerns a promise made by Catherine to her husband on his death-bed, that she would not remarry, but she soon afterwards married Sir Edward Fox, which as the story goes, caused the portrait of Sir Walter to fall from the wall the moment the bride and her new husband entered the room.
Sir Walter died in October 1610 and was buried at Draycot on 30 October 1610.
- Sir Robert Long (c.1517-c.1581) for more on the murder of Henry Long
- Walter Long (of South Wraxall) for more on the descent of the manor of South Wraxall
- Inquisition Post Mortem: An Adventurous Jaunt Through a 500 Year History of the Courtiers, Clothiers and Parliamentarians of the Long Family of Wiltshire; Cheryl Nicol
- Couzens, Tim, Hand of Fate, The History of the Longs, Wellesleys and the Draycot Estate in Wiltshire 2001 ISBN 1-903341-72-6
- Power and Protest in England, 1525-1640 - Alison Wall 2000 ISBN 0-340-61022-0
- Anecdotes of the aristocracy, Vol. 1; Sir Bernard Burke
- History of Parliament LONG, Sir Walter (1560-1610) of Wraxhall. Wilts
- Longleat House: Seymour Papers, ref. SE/BOX XV/22
- Brief Lives - John Aubrey, Andrew Clark 1898