|Born||Walter John Matthow
October 1, 1920
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||July 1, 2000
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||heart attack|
|Resting place||Westwood Village Memorial Park|
|Residence||Santa Monica, California|
|Education||Seward Park High School|
|Alma mater||The New School|
|Notable work(s)||The Odd Couple,
The Bad News Bears,
The Fortune Cookie,
Grumpy Old Men
|Home town||Manhattan, New York City, NY|
|Height||6' 2" (1.89 m)|
|Spouse(s)||Grace Geraldine Johnson (1948–58; divorced; 2 children)
Carol Grace (1959–2000; his death; 1 child)
Rose (née Berolsky) Matthau
|Awards||Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Tony Award, Golden Globe Award|
Walter Matthau (October 1, 1920 – July 1, 2000) was an American actor best known for his role as Oscar Madison in The Odd Couple and his frequent collaborations with Odd Couple star Jack Lemmon, as well as his role as Coach Buttermaker in the 1976 comedy The Bad News Bears. He won an Academy Award for his performance in the 1966 Billy Wilder film The Fortune Cookie.
Early life 
Matthau was born Walter John Matthow in New York City's Lower East Side on October 1, 1920, the son of Rose (née Berolsky; from Lithuania), who worked in a sweatshop, and Milton Matthow, an electrician and peddler (from Russia), both Jewish immigrants. His surname has often incorrectly been listed as Matuschanskayasky (see below for a detailed discussion). As a young boy, Walter attended a Jewish non-profit sleepaway camp, Tranquillity Camp, where he first began acting in the shows the camp would stage on Saturday nights. He also attended Surprise Lake Camp. His high school was Seward Park High School. Matthau had a brief career as a Yiddish Theater District concessions stand cashier.
During World War II, Matthau served in the U.S. Army Air Forces with the Eighth Air Force in England as a B-24 Liberator radioman-gunner, in the same 453rd Bombardment Group as James Stewart. He reached the rank of staff sergeant and became interested in acting. He took classes in acting at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School in New York with the influential German director Erwin Piscator. He often joked that his best early review came in a play where he posed as a derelict. One reviewer said, "The others just looked like actors in make-up, Walter Matthau really looks like a skid row bum!" Matthau was a respected stage actor for years in such fare as Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? and A Shot in the Dark. He won the 1962 Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a play.
In 1952, Matthau appeared in the pilot of Mr. Peepers with Wally Cox. For reasons unknown he used the name Leonard Elliot. His role was of the gym teacher Mr. Wall. In 1955, he made his motion picture debut as a whip-wielding bad guy in The Kentuckian opposite Burt Lancaster.
Matthau appeared as a villain in subsequent movies, such as 1958's King Creole (in which he is beaten up by Elvis Presley). That same year, he made a western called Ride a Crooked Trail with Audie Murphy and Onionhead starring Andy Griffith and Erin O'Brien, which was a flop. Matthau had a featured role opposite Griffith in the well received drama A Face in the Crowd, directed by Elia Kazan. Matthau also directed a low-budget 1960 movie called The Gangster Story. In 1962, he was a sympathetic sheriff in Lonely are the Brave, which starred Kirk Douglas. He appeared opposite Audrey Hepburn in Charade.
Appearances on television were common too, including two on ABC's police drama, Naked City, as well as the 1963 episode "A Tumble from a Tall White House" of The Eleventh Hour. He appeared eight times between 1962 and 1964 on The DuPont Show of the Week and as Franklin Gaer in 1964 in the episode "Man Is a Rock" on Dr. Kildare. Lastly, he starred in the syndicated crime drama Tallahassee 7000, as a Florida-based state police investigator, in the 1961–1962 season.
Comedies were rare in Matthau's work at that time. He was cast in a number of stark dramas, such as 1964's Fail-Safe, in which he portrayed Pentagon adviser Dr. Groeteschele, who urges all out nuclear attack on the Soviet Union in response to an accidental transmission of an attack signal to U.S. Air Force bombers, in the tense, and timely cold-war thriller.
In 1965, however, a plum comedy role came Matthau's way when Neil Simon cast him in the hit play The Odd Couple playing the slovenly sportswriter Oscar Madison opposite Art Carney as Felix Ungar. Matthau would later reprise the role in the film version opposite Jack Lemmon as Felix Ungar. Also in 1965, he played detective Ted Casselle in the Hitchcockian thriller Mirage, with Gregory Peck and Diane Baker, a film directed by Edward Dmytryk, based on a novel by Howard Fast.
He achieved great film success in a 1966 comedy as a shyster lawyer called William H. "Whiplash Willie" Gingrich starring opposite Lemmon in The Fortune Cookie, the first of numerous collaborations with Billy Wilder, and a role that would earn him an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor. Filming had to be placed on a five-month hiatus after Matthau suffered a heart attack.
Matthau was visibly banged up during the Oscar telecast, having been involved in a bicycle accident, nonetheless he scolded actors who had not bothered to come to the ceremony, especially the other major award winners that night: Elizabeth Taylor, Sandy Dennis and Paul Scofield.
Oscar nominations would come Matthau's way again for 1972's Kotch, directed by Lemmon, and 1975's The Sunshine Boys, another Simon vehicle transferred from the stage, this one about a pair of former vaudeville stars. For the latter role he won a Golden Globe award for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy.
Broadway hits turned into films continued to cast Matthau in the leads with 1969's Hello, Dolly! and that same year's Cactus Flower, for which co-star Goldie Hawn received an Oscar. He played three different roles in the 1971 film version of Simon's Plaza Suite and was in the cast of its followup California Suite in 1978.
Matthau starred in three crime dramas in the mid-1970s, as a detective investigating a mass murder on a bus in The Laughing Policeman, as a bank robber on the run from the Mafia and the law in Charley Varrick and as a New York transit cop in the action-adventure The Taking of Pelham One Two Three. A change of pace about misfits on a Little League baseball team turned out to be a solid hit in 1976 when Matthau starred as coach Morris Buttermaker in the comedy The Bad News Bears
In 1982, Matthau portrayed Herbert Tucker in I Ought to Be in Pictures. There he worked with Ann-Margret and Dinah Manoff, the daughter of the actress whom Matthau starred with in Plaza Suite, Lee Grant.
Matthau played Albert Einstein in the film "IQ", also starring Tim Robbins and Meg Ryan.
His partnership with Lemmon became one of the most successful pairings in Hollywood. They became lifelong friends after making The Fortune Cookie and would make a total of 10 movies together—11 counting Kotch, in which Lemmon has a cameo as a sleeping bus passenger. Apart from their many comedies, the two appeared (though not on screen together) in the 1991 Oliver Stone drama about the presidential assassination, JFK.
Matthau played the role of Mr. Wilson in the 1993 movie Dennis the Menace.
They had a surprise box-office hit in the comedy Grumpy Old Men, reuniting for a sequel, Grumpier Old Men, that co-starred Sophia Loren and Ann-Margret. That led to more pairings late in their careers, notably Out to Sea and a Simon-scripted sequel to one of their great successes, The Odd Couple II. Hanging Up, a 2000 film directed by Diane Keaton, was Matthau's final appearance on screen.
Personal life 
Matthau was married twice; first to Grace Geraldine Johnson from 1948 to 1958, and then from 1959 until his death in 2000 to Carol Marcus. He had two children, Jenny and David, by his first wife, and a second son, Charlie Matthau, with his second wife. David is a radio news reporter, currently at WKXW "New Jersey 101.5" in Trenton, New Jersey. Jenny is president of the Natural Gourmet Institute in New York City. Matthau also helped raise his stepchildren, Aram Saroyan and Lucy Saroyan. His grandchildren include William Matthau, an engineer, and Emily Rose Roman, a student at SUNY Binghamton. Charlie Matthau directed his father in The Grass Harp (1995).
Less than a year later, remains of Jack Lemmon (who died of colon and bladder cancer) were buried at the same cemetery. After Matthau's death, Lemmon as well as other friends and relatives had appeared on Larry King Live in an hour of tribute and remembrance; many of those same people appeared on the show one year later, reminiscing about Lemmon.
The remains of actor George C. Scott are also buried next to those of Walter Matthau, in an unmarked grave...
Jokey pseudonyms 
There have been persistent but erroneous beliefs about Matthau's birth name. Among the names that have been incorrectly asserted as having been the name he was born under are Matuschanskayasky, Matashansky and Matansky. As reported by the authors of Matthau: A Life by Rob Edelman and Audrey Kupferberg (along with Charlie Matthau), Walter Matthau often told tall tales. In his youth, he found that the joy of embellishment lifted a story (and the listener) to such enjoyable heights that he could not resist trying to pass off the most bogus of information, just to see who was gullible enough to believe it. Matthau told many stories to many reputable people, including, reportedly, the Social Security Administration. When he registered for a number, he was amazed that they only wanted him to write his name, and offer no proof of his identity. So, as another of his traditional goofs, he wrote that his true name was "Walter Foghorn Matthau". The rumor that his birth name was "Matuschanskayasky" was given additional credence by the release of the 1974 film Earthquake in which Matthau had agreed to provide a cameo performance without compensation on the condition that he not be credited under his real name. His character was credited to Walter Matuschanskayasky. Though this was a jokey pseudonym, its appearance in the film's end credits contributed to the urban legend that this was his real name. As recently as 2009, this erroneous information appeared in the World Almanac and Book of Facts section on "Original Names of Selected Entertainers" on Page 278. (The most recent edition of the World Almanac does not contain this reference in its Original Names section).
|1955||The Kentuckian||Stan Bodine|
|1955||The Indian Fighter||Wes Todd|
|1956||Bigger Than Life||Wally Gibbs|
|1957||A Face in the Crowd||Mel Miller|
|1957||Slaughter on Tenth Avenue||Al Dahlke|
|1958||King Creole||Maxie Fields|
|1958||Voice in the Mirror|
|1958||Ride a Crooked Trail||Judge Kyle|
|1960||Gangster Story||Jack Martin||Also director|
|1960||Strangers When We Meet||Felix Anders|
|1962||Lonely Are the Brave||Sheriff Morey Johnson|
|1962||Who's Got the Action?||Tony Gagouts|
|1963||Island of Love|
|1963||Charade||Carson Dyle aka Hamilton Bartholomew|
|1964||Goodbye Charlie||Sir Leopold Sartori|
|1966||The Fortune Cookie||William H. "Whiplash Willie" Gingrich||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
|1967||A Guide for the Married Man||Paul Manning|
|1968||The Odd Couple||Oscar Madison||Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy|
|1968||The Secret Life of an American Wife||The Movie Star||Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role|
|1969||Hello, Dolly!||Horace Vandergelder||Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role|
|1969||Cactus Flower||Dr. Julian Winston|
|1971||A New Leaf||Henry Graham|
|1971||Plaza Suite||Sam Nash/Jesse Kiplinger/Roy Hubley|
|1971||Kotch||Joseph P. Kotcher||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor|
|1972||Pete 'n' Tillie||Pete Seltzer||BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role|
|1973||The Laughing Policeman||Detective Sergeant Jake Martin|
|1973||Charley Varrick||Charley Varrick||BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role|
|1974||The Taking of Pelham One Two Three||Lieutenant Zachary "Z" Garber|
|1974||Earthquake||Drunk||Credited as Walter Matuschanskayasky|
|1974||The Front Page||Walter Burns||David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
|1975||The Lion Roars Again||Himself||Short subject|
|1975||The Gentleman Tramp||Documentary|
|1975||The Sunshine Boys||Willy Clark||Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
|1976||The Bad News Bears||Morris Buttermaker|
|1978||Casey's Shadow||Lloyd Bourdelle|
|1978||House Calls||Dr. Charles "Charley" Nichols|
|1978||California Suite||Marvin Michaels|
|1980||La polizia ha le mani legate||Documentary|
|1980||Little Miss Marker||Sorrowful Jones|
|1981||First Monday in October||Associate Justice Daniel Snow|
|1982||Neil Simon's I Ought to Be in Pictures||Herbert Tucker|
|1983||The Survivors||Sonny Paluso|
|1985||Movers & Shakers||Joe Mulholland|
|1986||Pirates||Captain Thomas Bartholomew Red|
|1988||The Little Devil||Father Maurice|
|1988||The Couch Trip||Donald Becker|
|1991||JFK||Senator Russell B. Long|
|1992||Beyond 'JFK': The Question of Conspiracy||Documentary|
|1992||How the Grinch Stole Christmas!||Narrator|
|1993||Dennis the Menace||George Wilson|
|1993||Grumpy Old Men||Max Goldman|
|1995||The Grass Harp||Judge Charlie Cool|
|1995||Grumpier Old Men||Max Goldman|
|1996||I'm Not Rappaport||Nat Moyer|
|1997||Out to Sea||Charlie Gordon|
|1998||The Odd Couple II||Oscar Madison|
|1998||Love After Death|
|1998||The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg||Himself||Documentary|
|2000||Hanging Up||Lou Mozell|
|1948||Anne of the Thousand Days|
|1951||Twilight Walk||Sam Dundee|
|1952||Fancy Meeting You Again||Sinclair Heybore|
|1952||One Bright Day||George Lawrence|
|1952||In Any Language||Charlie Hill|
|1952||The Grey-Eyed People||John Hart|
|1953||The Ladies of the Corridor||Paul Osgood|
|1953||The Burning Glass||Tony Lack|
|1955||Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?||Michael Freeman|
|1955||Guys and Dolls||Nathan Detroit|
|1958||Once More, with Feeling!||Maxwell Archer||Nominated – Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play|
|1961||Once There Was a Russian||Potemkin|
|1961||A Shot in the Dark||Benjamin Beaurevers|
|1963||My Mother, My Father and Me||Herman Halpern|
|1965||The Odd Couple||Oscar Madison||Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play|
|1954||The Motorola Television Hour||Episode: "Atomic Attack"|
|1958||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Episode: "The Crooked Road"|
|1959||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Episode: "Dry Run"|
|1960||Juno and the Paycock|
|1961||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Episode: "Cop for a Day"|
|1961||Route 66||Episode: "Eleven, the Hard Way"|
|1961||Tallahassee 7000||Cast member|
|1961-1962||Target: The Corruptors!||Two episodes|
|1972||Awake and Sing!||Moe Axelrod|
|1978||Saturday Night Live||Host||Season 4, Episode 7 (2 December 1978)|
|1978||The Stingiest Man in Town||Ebenezer Scrooge||Voice role|
|1990||The Incident||Harmon J. Cobb|
|1991||Mrs. Lambert Remembers Love|
|1992||Against Her Will: An Incident in Baltimore||Harmon J. Cobb|
|1994||Incident in a Small Town||Harmon J. Cobb|
|1998||The Marriage Fool|
- Edelman, Rob; Audrey E. Kupferberg (2002). Matthau: a life. Taylor Trade Pub. p. 4. ISBN 0-87833-274-X.
- Wright, Stuart J. (2004). An emotional gauntlet: from life in peacetime America to the war in European skies. Terrace Books. p. 179. ISBN 0-299-20520-7.
- New York Times obituary
- Film Reference biodata
- Article on Matthau in the New York Times
- Seward Park High School Alumni Association, history http://www.sewardparkhs.com/famousalumni.php
- Cofone, Annie (June 8, 2012). "Strolling Back Into the Golden Age of Yiddish Theater". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
Further reading 
- Mel Gussow (July 2, 2000). "Walter Matthau, 79, Rumpled Star and Comic Icon, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
- Walter Matthau at the Internet Broadway Database
- Walter Matthau at the Internet Movie Database
- Walter Matthau at the TCM Movie Database