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Born in Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois, Nesbit attended the grade and night schools. He was employed as a coal miner 1892-1912. Held various offices in the United Mine Workers of America, serving as subdistrict secretary 1912-1915, as traveling auditor 1915-1917, and as secretary-treasurer of district No. 12 from 1917 to 1933.
Nesbit was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-third Congress (March 4, 1933-January 3, 1935). He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1934. He owned and operated the Club Congress in Belleville, Illinois. He was an unsuccessful candidate for sheriff of St. Clair County, Illinois, in 1938. He died in Belleville, Illinois, December 6, 1938. He was interred in Green Mount Cemetery.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.