Dr. Walter Rautenstrauch (1880-1951) took the Chair of Columbia University's Department of Industrial Engineering in the 1930s. He was instrumental in the creation of this department which is said to be the first such department in the United States.
Rautenstrauch, together with Howard Scott, formed the Committee on Technocracy in 1932, which advocated a more rational and productive society headed by technical experts. In 1933, the Committee disbanded, largely because of different views held by the two men.
- Beverly H. Burris (1993). Technocracy at work State University of New York Press, pp. 28-30.
- Chris Smith (1984). Design Engineers and the Capitalist Firm University of Aston, p 40.
- William E. Akin (1977). Technocracy and the American Dream: The Technocrat Movement 1900-1941, University of California Press, pp. 88-93.