Walter Reed

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This article is about the U.S. army surgeon. For other people and things with the name Walter Reed, see Walter Reed (disambiguation).
Walter Reed
Walter Reed
Born (1851-09-13)September 13, 1851
Gloucester County, Virginia, United States
Died November 22, 1902(1902-11-22) (aged 51)
Washington, D.C.
Occupation Military physician
Spouse(s) Emilie Lawrence  (m. 1876)
Children Walter Lawrence Reed was born at Ft. Apache on December 4, 1877 and daughter Emilie Reed, called Blossom, was born at Ft. Omaha on July 12, 1883, one adopted Native American daughter (Susie Reed)
Parents Lemuel Sutton Reed and Pharaba White

Major Walter Reed, M.D., (September 13, 1851 – November 22, 1902) was a U.S. Army physician who in 1901 led the team that postulated and confirmed the theory that yellow fever is transmitted by a particular mosquito species, rather than by direct contact. This insight gave impetus to the new fields of epidemiology and biomedicine, and most immediately allowed the resumption and completion of work on the Panama Canal (1904–1914) by the United States. Reed followed work started by Carlos Finlay and directed by George Miller Sternberg ("first U.S. bacteriologist").


Reed's breakthrough in yellow fever research is widely considered a milestone in biomedicine, opening new vistas of research and humanitarianism.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Bean, William B., Walter Reed: A Biography, Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1982.
  • Bean, William B., "Walter Reed and Yellow Fever", JAMA 250.5 (August 5, 1983): 659–62.
  • Pierce J.R., J, Writer. 2005. Yellow Jack: How Yellow Fever Ravaged America and Walter Reed Discovered its Deadly Secrets. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0-471-47261-1

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