September 13, 1851|
Gloucester County, Virginia, United States
|Died||November 22, 1902
|Spouse(s)||Emilie Lawrence (m. 1876)|
|Children||Walter Lawrence Reed was born at Ft. Apache on December 4, 1877 and daughter Emilie Reed, called Blossom, was born at Ft. Omaha on July 12, 1883, one adopted Native American daughter (Susie Reed)|
|Parents||Lemuel Sutton Reed and Pharaba White|
Major Walter Reed, M.D., (September 13, 1851 – November 22, 1902) was a U.S. Army physician who in 1901 led the team that postulated and confirmed the theory that yellow fever is transmitted by a particular mosquito species, rather than by direct contact. This insight gave impetus to the new fields of epidemiology and biomedicine, and most immediately allowed the resumption and completion of work on the Panama Canal (1904–1914) by the United States. Reed followed work started by Carlos Finlay and directed by George Miller Sternberg ("first U.S. bacteriologist").
Reed's breakthrough in yellow fever research is widely considered a milestone in biomedicine, opening new vistas of research and humanitarianism.
- Walter Reed General Hospital (WRGH), Washington, D.C. was opened on May 1, 1909, seven years after his death.
- Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) opened in 1977 as the successor to WRGH and closed in 2011; it was the worldwide tertiary care medical center for the U.S. Army and was utilized by congressmen and presidents.
- Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), near Washington, D.C., is the largest biomedical research facility administered by the DoD.
- Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, a new hospital complex constructed on the grounds of the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, dedicated in 2011.
- Walter Reed Birthplace, added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.
- Riverside Walter Reed Hospital in Gloucester, Virginia (near Reed's birthplace) opened on September 13, 1977.
- Walter Reed Medal (1912 to present) was awarded posthumously to Reed for his yellow fever work.
- Walter Reed Middle School, North Hollywood, California is named in Reed's honor.
- Reed was portrayed by Lewis Stone in a 1938 Hollywood movie, Yellow Jack Also a few screenplays of his work were portrayed. (from a 1934 play). The same storyline was again presented in television episodes (both titled "Yellow Jack") of Celanese Theatre (1952) and of Producers' Showcase (1955), in the latter of which Reed was portrayed by Broderick Crawford.
- PBS's American Experience series broadcast a 2006 episode, The Great Fever, on the Reed yellow fever campaign.
- Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection at the University of Virginia Health Sciences Library
- Walter Reed Army Medical Center Firefighters Washington D.C. IAFF F151
- The Walter Reed Tropical Medicine Course
- Reed appears in sculpture on the great stone chancel screen at Riverside Church, NYC. (Section 4: "Humanitarians", rather than Section 1: "Physicians".)
- Bean, William B., Walter Reed: A Biography, Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1982.
- Bean, William B., "Walter Reed and Yellow Fever", JAMA 250.5 (August 5, 1983): 659–62.
- Pierce J.R., J, Writer. 2005. Yellow Jack: How Yellow Fever Ravaged America and Walter Reed Discovered its Deadly Secrets. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0-471-47261-1
- Video: Reed Medical Pioneers Biography on Health.mil – The Military Health System provides a look at the life and work of Walter Reed.
- WRAMC Website Reed History
- WRAIR Website Reed History
- University of Virginia, Philip S. Hench – Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection: Walter Reed Biography
- University of Virginia, Yellow Fever and the Reed Commission: The Walter Reed Commission
- Walter Reed at Find a Grave