Walter Rogowski

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Walter Rogowski
Born (1881-05-07)May 7, 1881
Obrighoven, German Empire
Died March 10, 1947(1947-03-10) (aged 65)
Aachen, Germany
Nationality German
Fields Applied physics, Electrical engineering
Institutions RWTH Aachen University
Alma mater Technische Hochschule Danzig
Doctoral students Rolf Widerøe
Known for Rogowski coil

Walter Rogowski (May 7, 1881 – March 10, 1947) was a German physicist who bridged the gap between theoretical physics and applied technology in numerous areas of electronics; the Rogowski coil was named after him.

Rogowski-Institut der RWTH Aachen

In 1900, Rogowski began his studies at the RWTH Aachen, under Arnold Sommerfeld, who occupied the Chair for Applied Mechanics. He acquired his Vordiplom in 1902 and went on to study at the Danzig Technische Hochschule, where he was also a scientific assistant. He completed his studies at Danzig in 1904, but stayed on until 1908, when he went to be a scientific assistant at the Physikalisch Technische Reichsanstalt in Berlin, specializing in high current technology, telecommunications technology, and electrical physics. After World War I, Rogowski’s returned to Aachen, in 1920, and he became an ordinarius professor for theoretical electro-technology and director of the Institute for Electro-Technology. At that time, the institute was in the mining industry building. Rogowski, with his head assistant Eugen Flegler, began to put together a plan for their own building; the draft submission to the Ministry of Education was made by the university in 1923. However, the plan was not tackled until 1925, with inauguration of the generous institute building on October 27, 1929. The original plan proposed to house the entire electrical engineering section in the building. However, during the building phase, it was decided to only house Rogowski’s Institute in it. A main thrust of the institute was to bridge the gap between physics and electro-technology. Work carried out in the institute included general electro-technology, theoretical electro-technology, telecommunications technology, high frequency engineering, electrical discharges in gases, and high voltage technology.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

In 1927, the Norwegian Rolf Widerøe received his doctorate of engineering under Rogowski. Widerøe primarily worked on then-new oscillating-field particle accelerators. It was his 1927 paper in Archiv für Elektrotechnik[9] that Ernest Lawrence read in 1929, which gave him the idea for electrical resonance particle acceleration of protons, resulting in the cyclotron.[10][11][12]

Ernst Sommerfeld, the son of Arnold Sommerfeld, worked with Rogowski at his institute.[5]

The institute was renamed in Rogowski’s honor and became the Rogowski-Institut der RWTH Aachen.[2][4] [6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rogowski – DGPT
  2. ^ a b Rogowski – AstA RWTH
  3. ^ Rogwoski – First Linear Accelerator
  4. ^ a b Rogowski – RWTH Aachen
  5. ^ a b Rogowski – Aachen Linac
  6. ^ a b Image – Rogowski Institute, Aachen
  7. ^ Rogowski – Aachen, City and University
  8. ^ Sommerfeld – Teacher of Theoretical Physics
  9. ^ Wideröe, R. (17 Dec 1928). "Über ein neues Prinzip zur Herstellung hoher Spannungen". Archiv für Elektrotechnik (in German) 21 (4): 387–406. doi:10.1007/BF01656341.  edit
  10. ^ Herken, Greg (2002). Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence, and Edward Teller. Holt. p. 4. ISBN 0-8050-6588-1. 
  11. ^ Onmeda-Redaktion. "Rolf Wideröe" (in German). onmeda.de. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  12. ^ Waloschek, Pedro (June 30, 1994). The Infancy of Particle Accelerators: Life and Work of Rolf Wideröe. Vieweg Verlag. ISBN 9783528065867.