Walter Simonson at the Big Apple Summer Sizzler, June 13, 2009.
September 2, 1946
Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.A.
Detective Comics (Manhunter)
Walter "Walt" Simonson (born September 2, 1946) is an American comic book writer and artist and visual art teacher, best known for run as writer/artist on Marvel Comics' Thor from 1983 - 1987, during which he created the character Beta Ray Bill. He is also known for his creator-owned work, Star Slammers, which he first published as his Rhode Island School of Design thesis project. He has also worked on other Marvel titles such as X-Factor and Fantastic Four, on DC Comics books including Detective Comics, Manhunter, Metal Men and Orion, and on licensed properties such as Star Wars, Alien, Battlestar Galactica and Robocop vs. Terminator.
He is married to comics writer Louise Simonson (née Alexander, née Jones), with whom he collaborated on X-Factor from 1988 to 1989, and with whom he made a cameo appearance in the 2011 Thor feature film.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Awards
- 4 Signature
- 5 Technique and materials
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Bibliography
- 8 References
- 9 External links
After studying geology at Amherst College, where he discovered Marvel comics, Simonson transferred to the Rhode Island School of Design, graduating in 1972. His thesis project there was The Star Slammers, which was published as a black and white promotional comic book for the 1974 World Science Fiction Convention in Washington, D.C. (DisCon II). Simonson's early influences included Jack Kirby, Steve Ditko, Jim Holdaway, Jean (Moebius) Giraud, Jean-Claude Mézières, George Price and Walt Kelly.
Simonson's first professional published comic book work was Weird War Tales #10 (Jan. 1973) for DC Comics. He also did a number of illustrations for the Harry N. Abrams, Inc. edition of The Hobbit, and at least one unrelated print (a Samurai warrior) was purchased by Harvard University's Fogg Museum and included in its annual undergraduate-use loan program. Simonson's breakthrough illustration job was Manhunter, a backup feature in DC's Detective Comics written by Archie Goodwin. In a 2000 interview, Simonson recalled that "What Manhunter did was to establish me professionally. Before Manhunter, I was one more guy doing comics; after Manhunter, people in the field knew who I was. It'd won a bunch of awards the year that it ran, and after that, I really had no trouble finding work." Simonson went on to draw other DC series such as Metal Men and Hercules Unbound. In 1979 Simonson and Goodwin collaborated on an adaptation of the movie Alien, published by Heavy Metal. It was on Alien that Simonson's long working relationship with letterer John Workman began. Workman has lettered most of Simonson's work since.
Starting in January 1977, Simonson was the original artist on The Rampaging Hulk a black-and-white magazine published by Marvel's Curtis Magazines line. In late 1978, Simonson, Howard Chaykin, Val Mayerik, and Jim Starlin formed Upstart Associates, a shared studio space on West 29th Street in New York City. The membership of the studio changed over time.
In 1982, Simonson and writer Chris Claremont produced The Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans intercompany crossover between the top-selling Marvel and DC titles. Simonson is best known for his work on Marvel Comics' Thor which he began writing and drawing with issue #337 (Nov. 1983). Simonson took nearly complete control of Thor, during which he transformed Thor into a frog for three issues and introduced the supporting character Beta Ray Bill, an alien warrior who unexpectedly proved worthy to wield Thor's hammer, Mjolnir. He started as writer and artist with issue #337 (Nov. 1983) and continued until #367 (May 1986). Sal Buscema became the artist on the title with #368 but Simonson continued to write the book until issue #382 (Aug. 1987). Buscema described Simonson's stories as "very stimulating. It was a pleasure working on his plots, because they were a lot of fun to illustrate. He had a lot of great ideas, and he took Thor in a totally new direction." In late 1986 he dropped several of his assignments, including Thor, remarking that "I had a very busy season over the past six to eight months, and I'd like to take some time off, to take time maybe to take stock and refuel a bit." Simonson was to have drawn a Daredevil story written by Frank Miller but it was never completed and remains unpublished. Simonson joined his wife Louise on the X-Factor series with issue #10. In #25, the creators gave the character the Angel blue skin and metal wings in a process which would lead to his being renamed as "Archangel". Their run on X-Factor included the story arcs "Mutant Massacre", "Fall of the Mutants," and "Inferno".
In 1983, he produced another version of the story in graphic novel form for Marvel Comics. Simonson continued the adventures of the Star Slammers in a limited series in the mid-1990s as one of the founders of Malibu Comics' short-lived Bravura label. Simonson has won numerous awards for his work, and has influenced artists such as Arthur Adams and Bryan Hitch.
Simonson left Upstart Associates in late 1986.
Simonson became writer of the Fantastic Four with issue #334 (Dec. 1989), and three issues later began penciling and inking as well (#337, coincidentally the same issue number he started as writer and artist of Thor). He had a popular three issue collaboration with Arthur Adams in which he introduced the "New Fantastic Four" consisting of Wolverine, Spider-Man, Ghost Rider and the Hulk. Simonson left the Fantastic Four with issue #354 (July 1991). His other Marvel credits in the decade included co-plotting/writing the Iron Man 2020 one-shot (June 1994) and writing the Heroes Reborn version of the Avengers.
In the 2000s, Simonson mostly worked for DC Comics. From 2000 to 2002 he wrote and illustrated Orion. After that series ended, he wrote six issues of Wonder Woman (vol. 2) drawn by Jerry Ordway. In 2002, he contributed an interview to Panel Discussions, a nonfiction book about the developing movement in sequential art and narrative literature, along with Durwin Talon, Will Eisner, Mike Mignola and Mark Schultz.
From 2003 to 2006, he drew the four issue prestige mini-series Elric: The Making of a Sorcerer, written by Elric's creator, Michael Moorcock. This series was collected as a 192 page graphic novel in 2007 by DC. He continued to work for DC in 2006 writing Hawkgirl, with pencillers Howard Chaykin, Joe Bennett, and Renato Arlem.
His other work includes cover artwork for a Bat Lash mini-series and the ongoing series Vigilante, as well as writing a Wildstorm comic book series based on the online role-playing game World of Warcraft. The Warcraft series ran 25 issues and was co-written with his wife, Louise Simonson.
In 2011, he had a cameo role in the live-action Thor film, appearing as one of the guests at a large Asgardian banquet. The sequel, Thor: The Dark World, featured Simonson's character Malekith the Accursed.
Other work in the 2010s includes drawing six issues of The Avengers vol. 4 in 2012 and providing the artwork for three issues of The Indestructible Hulk in which guest starred Thor. Simonson collaborated with his wife for a short story in Rocketeer Adventures vol. 2 #4 and has drawn covers for several Rocketeer comics during this period.
In 2012 DC Comics published The Judas Coin, a graphic novel written and drawn by Simonson. The book shows how one silver coin paid to Judas to betray Jesus affects various characters down the centuries including Batman.
Simonson returns to writing and drawing Thor in 2014 in a creator-owned series titled Ragnarök published by IDW Publishing. This version of the character is unrelated to Marvel's. The first issue was published in July 2014.
Simonson has taught at the School of Visual Arts in New York, N.Y. for a number of years.
Simonson's awards include Shazam Awards for Outstanding New Talent in 1973, for Best Individual Short Story (Dramatic) in 1973 for "The Himalayan Incident" in Detective Comics #437 (with Archie Goodwin), and the same award in 1974 for "Cathedral Perilous" in Detective Comics #441 (again with Archie Goodwin). Simonson and Goodwin also won the Shazam Award for Best Individual Story (Dramatic) in 1974 for "Götterdämmerung" in Detective Comics #443. All three winning stories were a part of the Manhunter saga.
At the 2010 Harvey Awards, which were held at the Baltimore Comic-Con on August 28, 2010, Simonson received the 2010 Hero Initiative Lifetime Achievement Award. It was presented to him by his wife, Louise Simonson.
A collection of Simonson's Thor comics shot from the original art, published as part of IDW's Artist's Edition series, took one 2012 Eisner Award (Best Archival Collection/Project: Comic Books) and two Harvey Awards (Best Domestic Reprint Project and a Special Award for Excellence in Presentation).
Simonson's distinctive signature consists of his last name, distorted to resemble a Brontosaurus. Simonson's reason for this was explained in a 2006 interview. "My mom suggested a dinosaur since I was a big dinosaur fan."
Technique and materials
Simonson inked his own work with a Hunt 102 Pro-quill pen. He switched to a brush during the mid-to-late 2000s, and despite the disparity between the two tools, Bryan Hitch, an admirer of Simonson's, stated that he could not tell the difference, calling Simonons's brush work "as typically good and powerful as his other work."
- Batman #300, 312, 321 (1978–80)
- Batman Black and White #2 (1996)
- DC Universe: Legacies #5 (2010)
- Detective Comics (Manhunter stories) #437–443; (Batman) #450, 469–470 (1973–77); #500 (among other artists) (1981)
- Elric: The Making of a Sorcerer, miniseries, #1–4 (2006)
- 1st Issue Special (Doctor Fate) #9 (1975)
- Hawkgirl #50–66 (writer)
- Hercules Unbound #7–12
- Jack Kirby's Fourth World #1–11, 13–20 (covers)
- JSA: Armageddon Inferno #1–4 (artist)
- The Judas Coin (writer/artist, 2012)
- Just Imagine Stan Lee Creating Sandman (artist)
- Legends of the World's Finest #1–3 (writer)
- Legion of Super-Heroes (vol. 3) #94, 100 (artist)
- Metal Men #45–49 (artist and plot assists)
- Michael Moorcock's Multiverse #1–12 (artist)
- Orion #1–25 (writer/artist)
- Star Spangled War Stories #170, 172, 180 (artist)
- Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #237 (artist)
- Superman #666 (artist)
- Superman Special #1 (writer/artist, 1992)
- Superman: The Last God of Krypton (writer)
- Sword of Sorcery #4–5 (artist)
- The Spirit #8 ("Gemini") (writer, 2010)
- Wednesday Comics (Demon/Catwoman) #1–12 (writer)
- Weird War Tales #10, 72 (artist) (1973–79)
- Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #189–194 (writer)
- Worlds of Warcraft #1–25 (writer with Louise Simonson)
- Amazing Spider-Man #222 (cover) (1981)
- Animax, miniseries, #1–2 (1986)
- Avengers #291–299, Annual 17 (writer), 300 (writer/artist) (1988–1989)
- Avengers, vol. 2, (Heroes Reborn) #8–12 (writer) (1997)
- Avengers, vol. 4, (Avengers vs. X-Men) #25-30 (artist) (2012)
- Avengers Prime, miniseries, #1 (2010)
- Balder the Brave #1–4 (writer/covers)
- Battlestar Galactica #11, 13, 15, 17–23 (writer, with Roger McKenzie); #4, 5, 11–17, 19–20, 22–23 (artist)
- Bizarre Adventures #29 (artist)
- Captain America Meets the Asthma Monster (giveaway) #0
- Conan the Barbarian #135 (cover)
- Daredevil #236 (cover, with Bill Sienkiewicz)
- Dazzler #2 (art, pages 11–16)
- Death's Head #9 (cover)
- Doctor Strange #182 (letter, 1969), 45 (inks, page 7, 1981)
- Doctor Who #1 (art, 3 pages), 3 (art, 1 page)
- Eternals, maxi-series, #9–12 (writer)
- Fantastic Four #212 (cover), 334–341, 343–350, 352–354 (writer; also artist on #337–341, 343–346, 350, 352–354) (1989–91)
- FOOM #18 (photo, 1977)
- Havok and Wolverine: Meltdown, miniseries, #1–4 (co-writer, with Louise Simonson)
- Haunt of Horror #2 (art, 1973)
- Haunt of Horror Magazine #1 (art, 1974)
- Heroes for Hope Starring the X-Men #1 (art, 4 pages)
- Howard the Duck Magazine #7 (art, 1 page pinup)
- Hulk Magazine #11 (art, 1 page), 20 (art), 23 (cover)
- Incredible Hulk #364-367 (covers)
- Indestructible Hulk #6, 7, & 8 (cover, interiors)
- Iron Man #3, 10 (letter, 1968–69), Annual 8 (cover)
- Iron Man 2020 (writer)
- John Carter, Warlord of Mars #15 (pencils, with Ross Andru)
- Kickers, Inc. #9 (cover, with Mike Mignola)
- Kree-Skrull War Starring the Avengers #1 (cover)
- Marvel Graphic Novel #6 (Star Slammers) (writer/artist)
- Raiders of the Lost Ark movie adaptation #1–3 (writer)
- Rampaging Hulk #1–3
- Savage Sword of Conan #7, 8, 12, 15–17
- Star Wars #56–63, 65 (writer); #16, 49–63, 65–66 (artist)
- Thor #260–271, Annual #7 (artist only); #337–355, 357–382 (writer; also artist on #337–354, 357–367) (1977–86)
- Uncanny X-Men #171
- X-Factor #10–15, 17–39
- What If (Nova) #15
- Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure (writer)
- Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans, one-shot, (1982)
- The Twilight Zone #50: Nature's Way (artist) July 1973 (uncredited, signed) (Gold Key Comics)
- Alien: The Illustrated Story movie adaptation (artist) (Heavy Metal)
- Creepy #102, 107, 112 (artist) (Warren, 1979)
- Jurassic Park movie adaptation #1–4 (writer) (Topps)
- Star*Reach #1 (1974) (Star*Reach)
- The Path #5 (artist) August 2002 (CrossGen)
- Alien - The Illustrated Story (Original Art Edition), (artist) Archie Goodwin (writer), 2012 (Titan Books), ISBN 9781781161302
Books and compilations
- The Art of Walter Simonson collects stories from Detective Comics #450; 1st Issue Special #9; Unknown Soldier #254-256; Star Spangled War Stories #170 and 180; Hercules Unbound #11-12; and Metal Men #45-49, 208 pages, June 1989, ISBN 0930289412
- Jack Kirby's Fourth World Omnibus Vol. 2 (introduction only), 396 pages, August 2007, ISBN 140121357X
- Manhunter: The Special Edition collects stories from Detective Comics #437-443, 104 pages, June 1999, ISBN 1563893746
- Fantastic Four Visionaries: Walter Simonson trade paperbacks
- Thor Visionaries: Walter Simonson trade paperbacks
- Volume 1 collects Thor #337-348, 288 pages, May 2001, ISBN 0785107584
- Volume 2 collects Thor #349-355 and 357-359, 240 pages, September 2003, ISBN 0785110461
- Volume 3 collects Thor #360-369, 232 pages, March 2004, ISBN 078511047X
- Volume 4 collects Thor #371-374 and Balder the Brave #1-4, 192 pages, September 2007, ISBN 0785127119
- Volume 5 collects Thor #375-382 208 pages, February 2008, ISBN 0785127372
- Thor by Walter Simonson Omnibus collects Thor #337-355, 357-369, 371-382 and Balder the Brave #1-4, 1192 pages, April 2011, ISBN 0785146334
- Marvel Platinum: The Definitive Thor 2 an anthology with Lee, Kirby, et al., 2013, ISBN 1846535522
- Thor: The Last Viking (Ultimate Marvel Graphic Novel Collection issue 38) collects Thor #337-343
- Thor by Walter Simonson - Volume 1, 2013, collects Thor #337-?, remastered, ISBN 0785184600
- Walter Simonson's The Mighty Thor: Artist's Edition collects Thor #337-340 and 360-362, 176 pages, July 2011, ISBN 1613770383
|1992-4||Batman: The Animated Series (9 episodes)||Character Rupert Thorne||TV Series, uncredited|
|2003||Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman||Character Rupert Thorne||Video, uncredited|
|2009||Batman: Black and White (episode "Legend")||Writer and artist||TV series|
|2011||Thor||Cameo as Asgardian|
|2013||Thor: The Dark World||Special thanks, creator of villain Malekith the Accursed|
- "Cartoonist Behind Thor Donates Time and Talent to Alma Mater". Amherst College. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- Bell, Josh (2011). "A Thousand Pages of Thor Thor by Walter Simonson Omnibus, by Walter Simonson '68 (Marvel Comics)". Amherst College.
- McKenzie, Marc (August 16, 2000). "WALT SIMONSON". The Slush Factory: The World’s Coolest Comics Magazine.
- Cooke, Jon B. (October 2000). "Simonson Says The Man of Two Gods Recalls His 25+ Years in Comics". Comic Book Artist (TwoMorrows Publishing) (10): 18.
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "Together with exciting new artist Walt Simonson, [Archie] Goodwin executed seven flawless tales that chronicled Paul Kirk's hunt for the world's deadliest game." " Manhunter's award-winning revival earned undying acclaim for its talented storytellers."
- Boney, Alex (May 2013). "Hunting the Hunters: Manhunter and the Most Dangerous Game". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (64): 44–50.
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 20
- Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 178. ISBN 978-0756641238. "In these stories, written by Doug Moench and drawn by Walter Simonson, the Hulk contended against an invading race of aliens called the Krylorians."
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 25
- Nolen-Weathington, Eric (2006). Modern Masters, Volume 8: Walter Simonson. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 34. ISBN 1-893905-64-0. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 199: "The issue, written by longtime X-Men scribe Chris Claremont and drawn by Walter Simonson [was]...one of the most well-received crossovers of its time - or of any time for that matter - the team-up was a huge success."
- Brown, Jonathan (August 2013). "The Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans: The Breakfast Club of the Comics Crossover". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (66): 65–68.
- DeFalco, Tom "1980s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 213: "This issue began a highly acclaimed run by writer/artist Walt Simonson that would last for nearly four years and end with issue #382 (Aug. 1987)."
- Singer, Matt (July 10, 2001). "Review: Thor Visionaries: Walter Simonson". PopImage. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013.
- Kelley, Cary (August 21, 2006). "Merely This and Nothing More: Defining Our Heroes". Silverbulletcomics.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2006.
- Amash, Jim; Nolen-Weathington,, Eric (2010). Sal Buscema: Comics' Fast & Furious Artist. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 72. ISBN 978-1605490212.
- Sanderson, Peter (October 1986). "Walt & Louise Simonson". Comics Interview (39) (Fictioneer Books). pp. 42–57.
- Mithra, Kuljit (August 1997). "Interview With Walt Simonson". ManWithoutFear.com. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013. "The gist of it is that by the time Marvel was interested in having us work on the story, Frank was off doing Dark Knight and I was off doing X-Factor. So it never happened. Too bad--it was a cool story too."
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 26
- Nolen-Weathington Modern Masters Volume Eight Walter Simonson p. 67
- Manning, Matthew K. "1990s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 252: "Spider-Man, the Hulk, Wolverine, and Ghost Rider were tricked into forming a new Fantastic Four...Written by Walter Simonson with art by Arthur Adams, this new FF found themselves locked in battle with the Mole Man."
- Cowsill, Alan; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1990s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 186. ISBN 978-0756692360. "Take Spidey, Ghost Rider, Wolverine, and the Hulk, add a script by Walt Simonson and illustrations by Art Adams, and the result is one of the best Marvel comics of the decade."
- Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 296 "Comic book legend Walt Simonson brought his unique vision to one of Jack Kirby's greatest heroes on Orion, the first ongoing series to feature the most prominent of the New Gods."
- "DC Comics World of Warcraft page". Dccomics.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Walter Simonson: Into The World Of Warcraft, Newsarama, November 25, 2007
- Johnston, Rich."Stan, Joe, Walt And The Thunder God", Bleeding Cool, May 6, 2011
- "Hero Initiative Board Members Disburstment Committee". The Hero Initiative. 2013. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013.
- Fishman, Marc Alan."2010 Harvey Awards Announced!" ComicMix; August 29, 2010
- Ash, Roger. Roger’s Comic Ramblings: Baltimore Comic-Con 2010 report Westfield Comics. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- Spurgeon, Tom (July 14, 2012). "Your 2012 Eisner Award Winners". The Comics Reporter.
- Tree, Brad (September 9, 2012). "Congratulations to the Harvey Award Recipients!". The Harvey Awards.
- Nolen-Weathington Modern Masters Volume Eight Walter Simonson p. 8
- Ostrander, John. "John Ostrander: Pro Advice – Hit By a Bus". ComicMix. August 7, 2011
- Hitch, Bryan. Bryan Hitch's Ultimate Comics Studio, Impact Books, 2010
- Cooke Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) p. 23
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Walter Simonson.|
- Walter Simonson at the Comic Book DB
- "DC Profiles #2: Walt Simonson" at the Grand Comics Database
- Walter Simonson at the Lambiek Comiclopedia
- Walter Simonson at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
- Walter Simonson at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- Video of Walt Simonson drawing Cyclops
- Interview at ComicBoards.com
- Interview at b-independent.com (1998)
- Interview at Fanzing.com (1999)
- Interview at PopMatters.com
|Star Wars artist
|The Avengers writer
(as John Harkness)
|Fantastic Four writer
|Fantastic Four artist
Rob Liefeld and Jeph Loeb
|The Avengers writer
|Wonder Woman writer