Walter Smith

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Walter Smith
Personal information
Full name Walter Ferguson Smith[1]
Date of birth (1948-02-24) 24 February 1948 (age 66)
Place of birth Lanark, Scotland
Height 1.82 m (5 ft 11 12 in)
Playing position Defender
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1966–1975 Dundee United 108 (2)
1975–1977 Dumbarton 44 (0)
1977–1980 Dundee United 26 (0)
Total 178 (2)
Teams managed
1978–1982 Scotland U19
1982–1986 Scotland U21
1986 Scotland (assistant)
1986–1991 Rangers (assistant)
1991–1998 Rangers
1998–2002 Everton
2004 Manchester United (assistant)
2004–2007 Scotland
2007–2011 Rangers
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Walter Ferguson Smith, OBE (born 24 February 1948) is a Scottish football player, manager and director. He is primarily associated with his two spells in charge of Scottish club Rangers.

Smith had an unremarkable playing career, consisting of two spells with Dundee United which was split by a short time at Dumbarton. A pelvic injury meant he moved into coaching at Dundee United, working for manager Jim McLean, while he also took charge of the Scotland under-18 and under-21 teams. Smith was assistant to Alex Ferguson at the 1986 FIFA World Cup in Mexico after it had been announced that he would be moving to Rangers as assistant to Graeme Souness.

Smith became the manager of Rangers in 1991, succeeding Souness. He won 13 major trophies in seven years, including seven league titles in succession. After leaving Rangers at the end of the 1997–98 season, he was appointed manager of Premier League club Everton. He was in charge at Goodison Park for four seasons before he was sacked in 2002.

Smith was appointed Scotland manager in December 2004, after a brief stint as assistant manager to Alex Ferguson at Manchester United. He presided over a revival in the national team's fortunes, taking Scotland 70 places up the FIFA World Rankings. After a good start to UEFA Euro 2008 qualification, in January 2007 he resigned as Scotland manager to return to Rangers. He won eight trophies during his second spell as Rangers manager and guided the team to the 2008 UEFA Cup Final. Smith is the second-most successful manager in the history of Rangers, behind Bill Struth.

Early life[edit]

Smith was born in Lanark and grew up in the East End of Glasgow, and was a boyhood fan of Rangers. He was employed by the South of Scotland Electricity Board before launching his football career in the 1960s with Junior League team Ashfield.

Playing career[edit]

Smith signed as a defender with Dundee United in 1966 and played in 108 league games scoring 2 goals between 1966 and 1975. He also featured in the Scottish Cup 1973–74 final against Celtic, playing alongside future assistant Archie Knox. In 1975 Smith was sold to Dumbarton for a fee of £7,000. He played in 44 league game for Dumbarton between 1975 and 1977.

At the age of 29, a pelvic injury threatened his career and he was invited to join the Dundee United coaching staff by Jim McLean as a player and coach. His first team appearances were limited thereafter, but he remained a signed player and his final club match was in September 1980. In his second spell he appeared in 26 league matches. In total, he made 178 senior appearances for Dundee United, scoring three goals.

Managerial career[edit]

Early coaching career[edit]

He developed his coaching skills, not only at Tannadice Park as assistant manager to Jim McLean, at a time when Dundee United were Scottish champions and European Cup semi-finalists. While working with McLean, a notoriously hard-bitten manager, Smith developed a reputation for being a strict disciplinarian. According to Kevin Gallacher, who was an apprentice of the club at the time in the early eighties, Smith could become ferociously angry and was known to deal out punches to enforce discipline.[2]

In 1978 he was appointed coach of the Scotland Under 18 team, and helped Scotland to win the European Youth Championship in 1982. He became coach of the Under 21 team, and was Alex Ferguson's assistant manager during the 1986 Mexico World Cup. Latterly Ferguson commented on Smith by saying: "There are few people in the game with his experience, knowledge and technical ability."[2]

Rangers[edit]

In April 1986, Graeme Souness was appointed player-manager of Rangers and Smith accepted his offer to become assistant. He helped Souness guide Rangers to Premier Division and League Cup glory in 1986-87, another League Cup in 1987-88, the Premier Division and League Cup again in 1988-89, a second successive league title in 1989-90 and another League Cup in 1990-91.[3]

When Souness left for Liverpool in April 1991 Smith was appointed interim manager, which was made permanent in May 1991 after the club clinched its fourth title in five seasons. Seven successive league titles followed under Smith's tenure, including a domestic treble in 1992–93. He also won both the Scottish Cup and the League Cup three times each. Smith took Rangers to the brink of the Champions League final in season 1992/93, going ten games without defeat in that campaign.[4][5]

Some of Smith's players like Ally McCoist and Paul Gascoigne became fan favourites. This was achieved at a cost, as Smith spent over £50m on transfer fees in his six years in charge – more than any other club in Scotland or England over the same period.[6] Rangers equalled Celtic's record of nine successive championships in 1996–97. In an effort to secure a record-breaking tenth success in 1997–98, Rangers spent £13m on eight new players.[6] In European competition, Rangers were beaten 4–2 by Strasbourg in the first round of the 1997–98 UEFA Cup and 4–1 by IFK Gothenburg in the 1997–98 UEFA Champions League preliminary round. It was announced in October 1997 that Smith was to retire after a period of domination of Scottish league football. Rangers lost the league title to Celtic on the final day and then lost the 1998 Scottish Cup Final to Hearts.

Everton[edit]

After success in his native Scotland, Smith's retirement lasted a month as he took the manager's job at Premier League club Everton in June 1998.[7] Smith replaced Howard Kendall after his third spell as Everton manager, having only avoided relegation in 1998 due to their superior goal difference over Bolton Wanderers.

Initially Smith was linked with the managers job at Sheffield Wednesday,[8] but false promises made to him by the Everton chairman of massive transfer funds and unlimited ambition lured Smith to Goodison Park.[8] Smith spent money on players only to discover that it was money the club did not have.[8] When Duncan Ferguson was sold behind Smith’s back, he was tempted to quit.[8] The remainder of his time at Everton revolved around selling the club's top players to balance the books.[8]

Under Smith, Everton finished in the bottom half of the table for three consecutive seasons. The Everton board finally ran out of patience with Smith and he was sacked in March 2002 after an "abject"[8] 3–0 FA Cup Sixth Round defeat to Middlesbrough, with Everton in some danger of relegation from the Premier League.[9] He was replaced by David Moyes, who delivered Everton to a safe finish in fifteenth place.

Manchester United[edit]

In March 2004, Smith returned to football when he had a short spell as assistant manager to Alex Ferguson at Manchester United at the end of the 2003–04 season.[10] During this time Manchester United won the 2004 FA Cup Final, beating Millwall at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.

Scotland national team[edit]

Smith was appointed manager of the Scottish national team on 2 December 2004, succeeding Berti Vogts.[11] Despite a revival of fortunes under Smith, including a home draw with Italy and an away win against Norway, hopes of reaching the 2006 World Cup were ended by a 1–0 home defeat against Belarus.

Scotland's world ranking improved by seventy places during his tenure. Scotland recorded a famous victory against World Cup runners-up France in a UEFA Euro 2008 qualification match at Hampden and temporarily led their group by three points.[12] A 2–0 defeat against Ukraine on 11 October 2006 was the first of the campaign.[13]

Return to Rangers[edit]

On 5 January 2007, press outlets reported that Rangers had spoken to Smith with a view to hiring him to manage Rangers again, with Ally McCoist as assistant manager.[14] The Scottish FA initially rebuffed Rangers' approach for Smith, but his return as Rangers manager was announced on 10 January 2007.[15] He succeeded Paul Le Guen, who had left the club by mutual consent after Rangers had been knocked out of the 2006–07 Scottish League Cup by First Division side St. Johnstone and fallen 17 points behind Celtic in the 2006–07 Scottish Premier League.

Smith's first match in his second spell at Ibrox was a 5–0 win against Dundee United on 13 January, with two goals from Kris Boyd and one each from Barry Ferguson, Chris Burke and Charlie Adam. Smith's first final since his return was secured with a 2–0 win over Hearts in the 2007–08 Scottish League Cup. Rangers played Dundee United in the final; the game was drawn 1–1 after normal time, and 2–2 after extra time. The winners were decided by penalty kicks. Rangers won 3–2, with Kris Boyd scoring the winning penalty (as well as the goals for Rangers in normal time and extra time).

In the UEFA Cup, Walter Smith booked Rangers' first European final for 36 years, after an exit in the UEFA Champions League group stage on the final day after good results against VFB Stuttgart, Olympique Lyonnais and FC Barcelona. In the quarter-final, after a 0–0 home draw with Sporting, Rangers went on to win the away leg 2–0. In the semi-final they drew 0–0 in both legs against Fiorentina and after extra time, they won 4–2 on penalties, taking Rangers to the UEFA Cup Final in Manchester, which they lost 0–2 to Zenit St. Petersburg.

In the 2008–09 UEFA Champions League second qualifying round, Rangers drew 0–0 with Lithuanian side FBK Kaunas at Ibrox on 30 July 2008 and lost the return leg 2–1. The loss against Kaunas meant Rangers made an early exit from European competition.Rangers went on to claim the SPL title – Rangers' 52nd Championship – on 24 May 2009. Smith followed this up with the Scottish Cup a week later to end the season with a League and Cup double.

In December 2009, it was revealed that Smith was to continue as Rangers manager without a contract when it expired the following month.[16] In March 2010, he guided Rangers to win the League Cup after they had been reduced to nine men in the final.[17]

On 25 April 2010, Smith led Rangers to their 53rd title and their second in a row after a 1–0 win away to Hibernian.[18] On 25 May 2010, Smith signed a new one-year deal to continue as Rangers manager throughout the 2010–11 campaign, stating that it will be his last as Rangers manager.[19][20] In this final season as manager, Smith led Rangers to a back-to-back domestic double, winning the League Cup as well as their 54th league championship, a world record, which was secured on the final day of the season, when Rangers overcame Kilmarnock at Rugby Park 5–1.[21][22]

After management[edit]

Rangers entered administration in February 2012. In June 2012, an attempt to take the club out of administration by means of a creditors voluntary arrangement was rejected by HM Revenue & Customs, the largest creditor.[23] The administrator, Duff & Phelps, instead sold the business and assets of Rangers to a consortium led by Charles Green.[23] Smith said that he was leading a consortium offering a deal to buy Rangers,[23] but this offer was withdrawn days later.[24] On 11 November 2012, Smith returned to Rangers as a non-executive director.[25][26] Smith was appointed non-executive chairman of Rangers in May 2013,[27] but he resigned from the board in August.[28]

Managerial statistics[edit]

As of 30 May 2011
Team Nat From To Record
G W D L Win %
Rangers Scotland 16 April 1991 31 May 1998 380 249 68 63 65.53
Everton England 1 July 1998 13 March 2002 168 53 50 65 31.55
Scotland Scotland 2 December 2004 10 January 2007 16 7 5 4 43.75
Rangers Scotland 10 January 2007 15 May 2011 202 128 45 29 63.37
Total 766 437 168 161 57.05

Honours[edit]

Managerial[edit]

Club[edit]

Rangers
Manchester United

Country[edit]

Scotland

Player[edit]

Dundee United

Personal awards and achievements[edit]

Manager of the month awards[edit]

Manager of the year awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Walter Ferguson Smith current and past Directorships, p91". Rangers Share offer. 
  2. ^ a b "Profile: Walter Smith". Scotland on Sunday. 8 May 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "European Competitions 1992–93" Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.
  5. ^ Magee, Jonathan (2007). "'Old' and 'New' at Rangers Football Club". It's Rangers for me?. Glasgow: Fort Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-905769-10-0. At this time David Murray was reaching a decade in charge and in this period Rangers had spent £90 million on players and £52 million on stadium development. 
  6. ^ a b Smith ensures Rangers are not prepared to stand still
  7. ^ Everton move for Moyes
  8. ^ a b c d e f Smith's Everton years
  9. ^ "Smith succumbs to pressure". BBC Sport. 13 March 2002. 
  10. ^ "Walter Smith joins Man Utd" BBC Sport. 3 March 2004.
  11. ^ "Scotland name Smith as new boss". BBC Sport. 2 December 2004. 
  12. ^ Moffat, Colin (7 October 2006). "Scotland 1–0 France". BBC Sport (BBC). 
  13. ^ Moffat, Colin (11 October 2006). "Ukraine 2–0 Scotland". BBC Sport (BBC). 
  14. ^ Forsyth, Roddy (4 January 2007). "Rangers opt for McCoist and Smith". London: The Telegraph Sport. 
  15. ^ "Smith appointed boss of Rangers". BBC Sport (BBC). 10 January 2007. 
  16. ^ "Gers boss continues without deal". BBC Sport. 7 December 2009. 
  17. ^ Forsyth, Roddy (21 March 2010). "St Mirren 0 Rangers 1". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 22 March 2010. [dead link]
  18. ^ Campbell, Andy (25 April 2010). "Hibernian 0–1 Rangers". BBC Sport. 
  19. ^ "Walter Signs New Contract: News". Rangers F.C. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "Walter Smith to stay at Rangers for one last season". BBC. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  21. ^ Moffat, Colin (15 May 2011). "Kilmarnock 1-5 Rangers". BBC News. 
  22. ^ "The perfect ending for five-star Smith". The Belfast Telegraph. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  23. ^ a b c "Charles Green completes Rangers purchase despite Walter Smith bid". BBC News (BBC). 14 June 2012. 
  24. ^ "Rangers: Walter Smith group drops bid for club". BBC Sport (BBC). 19 June 2012. 
  25. ^ "Walter Smith becomes non-executive director at Rangers". BBC Sport (BBC). 11 November 2012. 
  26. ^ "Walter returns to Rangers". Rangers FC. 11 November 2012. 
  27. ^ "Board Change". Rangers FC. 30 May 2013. 
  28. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/23570933
  29. ^ "Awards Aug 07". Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  30. ^ "Awards Jan 08". Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  31. ^ "Awards Mar 08". Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  32. ^ "Awards Apr 09". Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  33. ^ "Awards Dec 09". Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  34. ^ "Awards Aug 2010". Retrieved 3 March 2011. 

External links[edit]