Walter Storp

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Walter Storp
Walter Storp.jpg
Born (1910-02-10)10 February 1910
Schnecken, East Prussia
Died 9 August 1981(1981-08-09) (aged 71)
Goslar
Allegiance  Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
Luftwaffe
Years of service 1928–1945
Rank Generalmajor
Commands held KG 6, SKG 210, KG 76
Battles/wars Spanish Civil War
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves
Other work Architect

Walter Storp (2 February 1910 – 9 August 1981) was a German World War II Luftwaffe bomber pilot and commander of various bomber wings. Walter Storp was the twenty-second recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves on 14 July 1941. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Storp survived the war with the rank of Generalmajor and commander of the 5th Fliegerdivision in Norway, he was captured by the British and released in 1948.

Military career[edit]

August Franz Walter Storp was born on 2 February 1910 in Schnecken, East Prussia, the son of a forester. After he received his Abitur (diploma) in 1928 he joined the military service in the Reichsmarine on 1 April 1928.[Notes 1] His military training began at the Naval Academy at Mürwik followed by a tour on board the cruiser Emden and the Köln, as well a numerous flying courses at the Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule (German Air Transport School) in Warnemünde. He then transferred to the military service of the Luftwaffe on 1 October 1934.[1] Holding the rank of Oberleutnant he served in the Bordfliegerstaffel 1./106 (on board flyers squadron) until February 1936. From May to September he was a pilot aboard the heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer, participating in the ship's first cruise of the Spanish Civil War in August 1936.[2]

He was assigned to the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM—Ministry of Aviation) on 1 October 1938 and at the same time became the chief pilot of general Hans Jeschonnek. Serving briefly with KG 30 in early 1940, Storp became temporary Gruppenkommandeur of III gruppe, KG 4 between May and August 1940.

He was then appointed Gruppenkommandeur (Group Commander) of II./Kampfgeschwader 76 (II./KG 76—2nd Group of the 76th Bomber Wing) on 12 September 1940. He and his crew performed a successful low altitude attack over the English Midlands on 27 September 1940. This feat earned him the first of two references in the Wehrmachtbericht. This was also the first time a combat pilot and his crew were mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht. The Wehrmachtbericht was an information bulletin issued by the headquarters of the Wehrmacht.[3]

In April 1941 Storp was appointed Geschwaderkommodore of Schnellkampfgeschwader 210, leading the unit during operations against the Soviet Union during 1941. He then was transferred to a RLM staff appointment in October 1941, before a further move in September 1942, as Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 6. A return to KG 76 occurred in June 1944, while in February 1945 he became Commander of the 5th Flieger-Division until the end of the war.

Awards[edit]

References in the Wehrmachtbericht[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
27 September 1940 Die Besatzung eines Kampfflugzeuges unter Führung des Hauptmanns Storp zeichnete sich bei den Angriffen auf Mittelengland durch wagemutigen Tiefangriff besonders aus.[6] The crew of a bomber aircraft under the leadership of Hauptmann Storp distinguished themselves exceptionally in the low level attacks in middle England.
4 November 1940 Die Besatzungen einer Kampfgruppe unter Führung ihres Kommandeurs Hauptmann Storp zeichneten sich durch erfolgreich geführte Angriffe gegen britische Flugplätze und kriegswichtige Ziele in London aus.[7] The crew of a bomber aircraft under the leadership of the commander Hauptmann Storp distinguished themselves exceptionally in the successful attacks against British airbases and vital targets to the war in London.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The German Reichsmarine was renamed to Kriegsmarine on 1 June 1935.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Schumann 2007, pp. 185, 187.
  2. ^ Kaiser 2010, p. 71.
  3. ^ Schumann 2007, p. 185.
  4. ^ a b c Schumann 2007, p. 187.
  5. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 727.
  6. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 313.
  7. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, p. 349.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Kaiser, Jochen (2010). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kampfflieger—Band 1 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Bomber Fliers—Volume 1] (in German and English). Bad Zwischenahn, Germany: Luftfahrtverlag-Start. ISBN 978-3-941437-07-4. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Schumann, Ralf (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 des LG 1 (in German). Zweibrücken, Germany: VDM Heinz Nickel. ISBN 978-3-86619-013-9.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 1, 1. September 1939 bis 31. Dezember 1941 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 1, 1 September 1939 to 31 December 1941] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
none
Commander of Schnellkampfgeschwader 210
24 April 1941 – 30 September 1941
Succeeded by
Major Arved Crüger
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Hahn
Commander of Kampfgeschwader 6
1 September 1942 – 11 September 1943
Succeeded by
Oberstleutnant Hermann Hogeback
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Rudolf Hallensleben
Commander of Kampfgeschwader 76
1 June 1944 – 30 September 1944
Succeeded by
Oberleutnant Robert Kowalewski
Preceded by
General der Kampfflieger
1 October 1944 – 31 January 1945
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Oberst Dr. Ernst Kühl
Commander of 5. Flieger Division (1944–1945)
31 January 1945 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by