Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster

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Walter de Burgh
Armoiries de Haraucourt 1.svg
The Burke arms
Born c. 1230
Died 28 July 1271(1271-07-28)
Galway
Title 1st Earl of Ulster
Tenure 1264-1271
Other titles 2nd Lord of Connaught
Nationality Irish
Predecessor Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connaught
Successor Richard Og de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster
Spouse(s) Aveline FitzGeoffrey
Parents Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connaught
Egidia de Lacy

Walter de Burgh (c. 1230 – 28 July 1271) was 2nd Lord of Connaught and 1st Earl of Ulster (2nd creation).

Life[edit]

De Burgh was the second son of Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connaught and Egidia de Lacy. He founded Athassel Priory.

In 1243, he succeeded his father as Lord of Connacht, and was created Earl of Ulster as well in 1264. In 1270, he and Walter de Ufford, the Justiciar of Ireland, were defeated by Aedh mac Felim Ua Conchobair at Ath an Chip.

He married Aveline, daughter of Sir John FitzGeoffrey, Justiciar of Ireland, by his wife, Isabel Bigod. In a royal order from Westminster in September 1247, Sir John FitzGeoffrey was charged by the King with seizing the lands of Walter de Burgh's older brother Richard, who had died. The de Burgh lands in Connaught were being held by de Burgh, John de Livet, likely the son of Gilbert de Lyvet, one of the earliest Lord Mayors of Dublin and Marmaduke de Eschales (Scales).

He died, aged about 40, in Galway, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster (The Red Earl of Ulster). Other children were three sons, Theobald, William and Thomas, and daughter, Egidia who married Sir James Stewart (1243–1309), High Steward of Scotland.[1]

Family tree[edit]


  Walter de Burgh of Burgh Castle, Norfolk.
 =Alice
  |
  |_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                    |                                                |                              |
  |                                    |                                                |                              |
 William de Burgh, died 1205.    Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent, died 1243.  Geoffrey de Burgh, died 1228.  Thomas de Burgh
  |                                        (issue; John and Hubert)                          
  |____________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                          |                                             
  |                                                                          |                                              
  Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught                Richard Óge de Burgh    
  |                                                      (ancestor of Ulick Burke of Annaghkeen)
  |__________________________________________________________________
  |                                                               |
  |                                                               |
  Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster                William Óg de Burgh
  |                                                               |
  |                                                               |
  Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster          Edmond Albanach de Burgh
  |
  |___________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                 |
  |                                                                 |
  John de Burgh                                           Edmond de Burgh, 1298-1338.
  |                                                                 |    
  |                                                                 |_______________________
  William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster                         |                      |
  |                                                                 |                      |
  |                                                            Sir Richard, fl. 1387.   Sir David, fl. 1387.
  Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster                        |                  |
  |                                                                 |                      |
  |                                                      Burke of Castleconnell  Burke of Muskerryquirk 
  Philippa, 5th Countess of Ulster                       Burke of Brittas
  |                                          
  |
  Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March

References (family tree)[edit]

  • A New History of Ireland, volume IX, Oxford, 1984;
    • Earls of Ulster and Lords of Connacht, 1205-1460 (De Burgh, De Lacy and Mortimer), p. 170;
    • Mac William Burkes: Mac William Iochtar (de Burgh), Lords of Lower Connacht and Viscounts of Mayo, 1332-1649, p. 171;
    • Burke of Clanricard: Mac William Uachtar (de Burgh), Lords of Upper Connacht and Earls of Clanricard, 1332-1722.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster
Born: c. 1230 Died: 28 July 1271
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Ulster
1264–1271
Succeeded by
Richard Og de Burgh