Walfred of Friuli
Walfred was an early supporter of Berengar of Friuli in his bid for the Iron Crown of Lombardy following Charles the Fat's deposition in 887. He was described as his "highest counsellor." He was a consiliarius and marchio by appointment of Charles and he was the greatest magnate in eastern Lombardy after Berengar. He even succeeded Berengar in Friuli, but under what circumstances scholarly opinion is divided.
He may have succeeded Berengar, by Berengar's appointment around 890, when he is last heard in Friuli. The Annales Fuldenses under the year 896, tell how Walfred died in office and how he had held Verona with "great fidelity to the emperor," meaning Arnulf of Carinthia, specifying that his death was the circumstance for Berengar to reassert his claim to kingship after his falling out with Arnulf earlier that year. It has been suggested that Walfred was placed in Berengar's office by Arnulf in 896 after Berengar's defection from Arnulf's camp early in that year. Walfred held Friuli less than a year in that case.
- Reuter, Timothy (trans.) The Annals of Fulda. (Manchester Medieval series, Ninth-Century Histories, Volume II.) Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1992.
- MacLean, Simon. Kingship and Politics in the Late Ninth Century: Charles the Fat and the end of the Carolingian Empire. Cambridge University Press: 2003.
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- MacLean, 71.
- Ibid for the peaceful succession, but Reuter, 134 n19, for the date when Berengar last appears in Friuli.
- AF(B), 896 (pp 134–135 and n20).
- Reuter, 134 n19.
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